One of Egypt's greatest mysteries is the construction of the Giza Pyramids. The Giza Pyramids, designed to last forever, have done exactly that. The massive tombs are remains of Egypt's Old Kingdom civilization, dating back 4,500 years. Today, they are a popular tourist attraction in Cairo.
The Giza Pyramids were built over an extended period of time. Originally, there were two pyramids: Khufu's (also known as Cheops) and his son Khafre. They are also known as the Great Pyramids because of their size compared to the other three pyramids in Giza (which are also Khufu's). In total, Khufu constructed his pyramid for about 20 years and it took many hundreds of thousands of workers to complete it. The Giza Pyramids are the largest works of stone architecture in the world.
Khufu's original pyramid was eventually replaced by a larger one. This replacement was commissioned by Khufu's grandson King Snefru. His pyramid is now on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
The Giza Pyramids are made of limestone. The ancient Egyptians used wood for building materials since they had no other choice. As the trees in Egypt were mainly desert shrubs, all the wood they needed was from a few specific species found in southern Europe and North Africa.
The pyramid building tradition began in Giza with the construction of the Great Pyramid by King Khufu around 2580 B.C. It was not until about 100 years later that the technique was used again, when the Pharaoh Snefru built his own pyramid. Today, only the Great Pyramid is standing out among the other three smaller pyramids at Giza. It is the largest stone structure ever built by man (with an estimated weight of 2 million tons).
The Egyptians built their pyramids for eternal remembrance, as a place to pray to God for life and prosperity. They also used the pyramids for storing valuables and treasures. In fact, the original purpose of the Great Pyramid may have been simply as a place to store government assets.
There are several theories on how the Egyptians managed to transport such large stones from the area where they builded them to their final location within the kingdom walls. Some believe they were used as a form of military transportation because they could be easily moved across land or water. Others think they were carried by teams of slaves who worked overnight to finish them off.
The processes employed to build the Egyptian pyramids are one of the most mysterious aspects about them. The Egyptians' remarkable achievement is even more impressive when you know that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built with over 2 million limestone and granite slabs. It is also estimated that there were around 20,000 people working on the pyramid site at any given time.
Building activities at the Giza Pyramids site have been well documented through historical accounts and recent excavations. However, the exact process or processes used by the ancient Egyptians to build the pyramids has never been fully confirmed. Some researchers believe that they may have used mechanical tools for certain tasks, but most agree that some type of manual labor was required from the workers. There are several theories about how the Egyptians built the pyramids:
Some scholars believe that the pyramids were built by large numbers of laborers who were paid daily or weekly depending on the complexity of the pyramid. Others think that they were built by a small group of highly skilled men who were protected from harm under the supervision of a king or queen. Still others suggest that the pyramids were built by conscripted soldiers who received food and clothing as rewards for their efforts. Finally, some scientists believe that the pyramids were built using explosives.
Although many mysteries remain unsolved, one thing is certain: the building processes used by the Egyptians to construct the pyramids were not modern.
The Pyramids of Giza, like the Egyptian pyramids that came before and after them, served as royal tombs for their pharaohs, or monarchs. They were frequently part of a large funeral complex that included contained queens' burial places and mortuary temples for daily offerings. The largest of all pyramids, the Pyramid of Khafre, is only slightly larger than the Pyramid of Menkaura, which means they were not particularly influential people. However, both men did have substantial funerary complexes with parts of their bodies that were preserved in mummies.
However, it is possible that some of the stones used in the construction of the pyramids were taken from earlier structures. For example, some researchers believe that the red granite used in the Great Pyramid was taken from another site near Giza. Or perhaps these stones were obtained through trade with other countries who may have had older structures. Either way, it seems clear that the Egyptians believed that pyramids were important to have close at hand when you die so they were not just buildings constructed for religious purposes.
In conclusion, the Pyramids of Giza were not built as monuments to the pharaohs' greatness but rather they were designed to provide a place where the kings could be buried in such a way that they would remain undisturbed for eternity. Although they were often part of larger complexes, these buildings were also used independently for single burials.