The new masonry of the Sagrada Familia stands out in stark contrast to the tarnished and aged older pieces. "My customer is not in a rush," Gaudi is supposed to have commented of the exceptionally protracted building phase. When Gaudi died in 1926, the church was between 15 and 25% complete.
He had planned to finish it but financial difficulties forced him to abandon his project. The unfinished state of the cathedral has led some critics to claim that it was never intended to be a functioning temple. However, the facade was completed by Josep Maria Jujol after Gaudi's death and the interior was partly completed by others including Antoni Gaudí himself who drew up plans for several altarpieces.
It is this fact which gives rise to the argument that although he did not finish it, the unfinished state of the cathedral should not be taken as evidence that he did not intend it to be a working temple.
After Gaudi's death, the cathedral was taken over by an architectural commission and completed by another architect. Although Gaudi's original designs were used as a guide, they were not followed exactly so technically the cathedral is not considered to be a true copy. It has been described as a mix of styles derived from European art nouveau and American industrial design.
Gaudi worked primarily on the Sagrada Familia for twelve years until his death on June 10, 1926, when he was knocked over by a tram. Gaudi is buried in the Temple crypt in the shrine of Our Lady of Carmel. Because Gaudi's strategy was trial and error, models were extremely crucial to him, even taking precedence over floor plans. This means that most of what we know about Gaudi's architectural ideas before they were actually built comes from the drawings and models that survived him.
After Gaudi's death, construction on the Sagrada Familia came to a halt because it had become too expensive for his family to maintain. In fact, they had no choice but to file for bankruptcy. However, in 1930, Pope Pius XI declared that the church was important enough to continue after Gaudi's death so he anointed Gaudi's son Josep as a priest in order to keep the project going. Today, the Sagrada Familia still remains a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.
Have there been other famous architects who died while projects they were working on were still not finished? Yes - many people have died while working on buildings they didn't finish themselves but since these buildings have usually been commissioned by others it isn't accurate to say that they died "while working on" their projects. For example, George Washington Carver was responsible for many inventions including the cotton picker, but he never completed any buildings. He died at age 44 while working on a railroad station in Missouri.
He worked on the Sagrada Familia until his death on June 10, 1926. The church became so important under Gaudi because of its wide dimensions and luxuriant style that it was quickly dubbed "the cathedral." Gaudi was confident that the city will become famous for "his" chapel one day. And he was right! Barcelona has become so proud of this building that they have designated it as a World Heritage Site.
Here are just some of the reasons why Gaudí's work is important:
His ideas had an enormous impact on 20th century architecture. His use of curves in place of straight lines, his unusual designs, and his attention to detail all influenced later architects who came after him.
Gaudí pushed the limits of what was possible with traditional styles and materials. He used concrete instead of stone for some of his buildings, which at the time was unusual. He also made extensive use of iron structures which didn't exist in medieval times but which would come to play an important role in modern design.
Gaudí's work is representative of a new era in European architecture. With people looking for new ways to express themselves through their buildings, Gaudí helped inspire many different kinds of architecture during his lifetime. His work has also continued to influence designers years after his death. New buildings using his techniques have been completed since the 1930s and continue to be built today.
La Sagrada Familia is one of Gaudi's most well-known constructions in Barcelona. It's a massive basilica that has been under construction since 1882 (that's not a typo) and isn't likely to be finished for quite some time. A photograph of Antoni Gaudi's Sagrada Familia, a massive basilica in Barcelona. When it is complete it will be the largest church in Europe.
But don't let its size fool you; the Sagrada Familia is much more than just another large church. It was designed by architect Antoni Gaudí as a house of prayer for all nations. You can still see hints of this throughout the building - from the various symbols used in different parts of the church to the unique style he invented that's all his own work. The best way to understand how important Gaudi was to the development of modern architecture is to visit his home city of Barcelona. There are many Gaudi buildings there including museums, houses, and parks. No matter what kind of architecture you like, there's sure to be something here for you to enjoy.
In addition to being a place of worship, the Sagrada Familia is also considered a landmark of cultural significance for both Spain and Catalunya. Gaudi never completed this project so it's important to understand that they are trying to build a new section every year so the work will never be done. However, it's clear that Gaudi wanted to create a church for all nations where differences would not matter.