The Pyramid of the Sun is a massive pyramid at Teotihuacan, Mexico, that was erected about 100 ce and is one of the biggest buildings of its kind in the Western Hemisphere. The pyramid is 216 feet (66 meters) tall and measures roughly 720 by 760 feet (220 by 230 meters) at its base. It is larger than Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza.
The Pyramid of the Moon is a smaller pyramid at Teotihuacan that was built around 50 ce and is approximately 20 feet shorter than the Pyramid of the Sun. It too was built with impeccable precision and accuracy for its time—the height of its apex above ground level is exactly 20 feet.
Both pyramids were designed as tombs for the powerful rulers of Teotihuacan, but they also served as major temples devoted to the sun and moon, respectively. Each pyramid has three main levels: the bottom is flat, while the top is slightly curved.
Teotihuacan is unique because almost nothing is known about its founder or how it came into existence. There are no written records describing his life, and the only evidence we have of him is found on the walls of Teotihuacan itself. He is depicted in various forms throughout the city, usually as a large-headed man with a beard who is wearing a headdress and carrying an object in his hand. Sometimes he is standing next to other figures.
The Pyramid of the Sun (top) is the biggest structure in Teotihuacan, Mexico, and one of the largest structures of its sort in the Western Hemisphere. Built around 150 CE, it was probably used for religious purposes. The Pyramid of the Moon (bottom) is also called the Pyramide del Sol or the Pyramid of the Sun because it resembles a giant pyramid.
These are not actual pyramids but rather sculptures built into the shape of a pyramid. They were used as religious offerings by the people who created them. There are several different types of pyramids found in Mexico including: conical, triangular, and rectangular.
Pyramids were important in the Mesoamerican culture because they were used to bury their dead leaders and important priests. Over 300 pyramids have been found inside Teotihuacan alone. It's possible that they were used as burial sites for all kinds of people including commoners, slaves, and even animals.
In Mexico City there are actually two large pyramids located about 500 meters apart from each other. Both were used for similar purposes during their time and now serve as landmarks for this capital city.
However, it should be noted that both of these monuments are actually sculptured rocks with no structural integrity.
The Great Pyramid of the Sun The Pyramid of the Sun is Teotihuacan's greatest structure and one of Mesoamerica's largest. It is thought to have been built some 200 years ago. The pyramid is 138 feet high with sides that are 56 feet long and 55 feet wide at the base.
The pyramid was originally painted red, but now only its white limestone base remains bright red. It stands within a large plaza that covers about half a city block. The pyramid is an important symbol for Teotihuacanos because it represented their society as well as their ancestors' work ethic. They believed that the sun provided life energy that helped make plants grow and animals reproduce. By putting their faith in the sun, they were saying that people should live by faith not fear.
Teotihuacan was a center of learning with schools where students learned reading writing and arithmetic. The city also had a hospital, a prison, and many other public services that showed how advanced it was as a civilization.
In addition to building their great pyramid, the Teotihuacanos created one of the first international highways in America when they sent workers to build roads across Mexico. These roads are called "carreteras de piedra," or "stone roads."
The Pyramid of the Sun, one of the more intriguing pyramids and the biggest construction of its kind in the Western Hemisphere, was built in the ancient city of Teotihuacan. The Pyramid of the Sun and its companion, the Pyramid of the Moon, were regarded holy sanctuaries created to commemorate the birth of the sun and moon gods. Archaeologists believe they were constructed around 150 B.C. as symbols of the power of the ruling class of Mexico at that time.
The pyramid is about 35 feet high with a base that measures approximately 0.6 mile across. It has 21 floors consisting of nearly 300 large stones that were probably dragged from elsewhere and brought to the site. Each stone weighs up to two tons and is about six feet long by three feet wide. They were probably floated down the River Teo-cuin (now dried up) on rafts made out of timber and covered with thick layers of mud or plaster for protection during transport.
The pyramid was not built as an observatory because the ancients didn't know how stars worked. They just knew that certain positions of the stars were associated with blessings for farmers and others who needed help. So, the rulers of Teotihuacan decided to build the two monuments as places where the people could go for spiritual guidance from the gods.
Today, visitors can climb to the top of the Pyramid of the Sun for a view of downtown Mexico City.
The Quetzalcoatl Pyramid in Cholula de Rivadavia, 101 kilometers (63 miles) south-east of Mexico City, is the biggest pyramid and the greatest monument ever built. It is 54 meters (177 feet) tall and has a base area of roughly 18.2 hectares (45 acres). This makes it larger than any other pre-Columbian pyramid in Mexico or Central America.
The pyramid was built through the labor of thousands of people over several decades. It was originally crowned with a temple but only parts of this remain today. The base of the pyramid is divided into four sections, and experts believe they may have been intended to represent the seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. The center section contains three large courtyards separated by small mounds that probably once held statues.
When the Spanish arrived in Mexico, they used the Quetzalcoatl Pyramid as a benchmark for measuring other pyramids. Until then, no one knew how big Europe's most famous pyramid at Giza in Egypt was, so the Mexicans thought that their own pyramid was on a par with this ancient landmark.
However, after visiting Cholula's pyramid, the Spaniards realized that what the Egyptians did with their time was not important to the Mexicans. What mattered to them was that they had made something great and now nobody could say that they were less than anyone else.