Things have undoubtedly changed: high-rise flats were originally recognized primarily as a type of public housing. Some tower buildings reached astonishing heights of 33 floors during the 1960s. But most were only 10 or 12 stories tall.
The Empire State Building was the first major skyscraper and remains the world's largest building per square foot. It was also the first to be designed specifically for a corporate client, General Motors. The 30th floor is said to be the highest restaurant in New York City.
The Willis Tower (formerly known as the Sears Tower) is the second-highest building in Chicago after the John Hancock Center. It stands 468 feet (141 m) tall and has 22 floors. The structure was completed in 1973 and replaced an earlier version that was once called the "Largest Skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere."
In 1964, there were only four other tower blocks in London higher than 20 meters (66 ft): the Lister Hill, Stanhill, University College, and Wheeltree blocks. All but the Lister Hill have now been demolished.
The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial in Washington, D.C., is the highest point in D.C. and also one of the city's tallest buildings at 401 feet (122 m).
Anything taller than seven floors is called a high-rise in the United States. In India, it refers to any structure with four or more stories. In Germany, a high-rise is defined as any structure with more than 12 stories. When looking for apartments, any structure that is taller than 75 feet is considered a high-rise.
The height of a building is measured in meters or feet, depending on where you are in the world. The term "high rise" can be used to describe a building of any height, but it is most commonly associated with skyscrapers - buildings that are very tall. There is no strict definition of what constitutes a high-rise. Some build owners prefer to call anything over five stories a high-rise while others include lower-level offices and retail space. No matter how many stories it has, every high-rise needs to be built according to local building codes. High-rises can be divided up into several different categories based on their design elements.
There are three main types of high rises: apartment buildings, office towers, and hotel towers. Each type is designed for a specific purpose; therefore, they require different amounts of time and money to construct. Apartment buildings are usually smaller in size than office towers and hotel complexes, which allows for faster construction times. These structures are also less expensive to build due to their simple designs. Office towers are usually larger than apartment buildings and often contain multiple floors each capable of holding office space.
A high-rise structure, often known as a multistory high-rise skyscraper, is tall enough to need the use of a mechanical vertical transportation system such as elevators. A skyscraper is a tall high-rise structure. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a skyscraper as "a building with six or more floors above ground level". Although many buildings have more than six floors, only those that are considered skyscrapers according to this definition contain residential space.
The word derives from American English, where it was used by Horace Greeley in 1872 to describe the new Chicago Daily News. The original article can be found here: http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1872&dat=18681010&id=m4AAAAQAAJ&sjid=9gDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5090,1444662.
In British English, the term high-rise building is used instead. In addition, the word skyscraper is commonly used as a generic term for any large building. However, according to the OED, this usage is declining: "Although originally applied to buildings of great height, today it is generally used to denote any large building."
The first documented use of the term skyscraper in reference to an actual building was in New York City in 1916.
1951 In the 1950s, many new residences were required to replace those lost during WWII. Building high-rise projects was one way for offering a big number of dwellings. The Lawn was the first residential tower complex in the United Kingdom when it was erected in 1951. It was followed by another garden apartment block called Garden Plaza which was developed by Harrogate Corporation in 1952.
The first purpose-built tower blocks were developed in the London area and they are still popular today. They're known as "tenement blocks" because that's what they replaced - old tenements that were very densely packed with houses.
You may also know them as "tower homes" or "high-rise apartments".
They provide much-needed housing accommodation and their design is often innovative and stylish. But they can be expensive to build and maintain and there have been several cases of damage caused by poor quality construction.
Tower blocks have been used extensively in Europe and North America but they are most common in China where they account for nearly half of all new housing developments. In fact, there are more than a million people living in such buildings across China!
China has some incredible architecture and its cities are filled with beautiful buildings, but many of them are made out of cheap materials that are becoming obsolete every year.