1. Christ the Redeemer was built with reinforced concrete and has a 6 million soapstone tile exterior casing. The workmen who created these tiles are said to have occasionally written remarks on the back, implying that this renowned monument is full of secret meanings.
2. It took more than 8 years to complete Christ the Redeemer and it was opened in 1931. The idea for such a statue came from an article called "The Redemption" by Brazilian philosopher José Doell Jr., which appeared in the magazine Crios in 1927. The statue itself is based on a drawing made by French artist Jean Giraud, who never saw Brazil but who used his knowledge of Egyptian art to create a sculpture that would be faithful to the ideals of humanism at the time.
3. It is located in Rio de Janeiro's Praça Copérnico, opposite of Parque da Tijuca. The statue stands 178 feet high and weighs in at almost 200 tons!
4. Christ the Redeemer looks out over Guanabara Bay where he stands surrounded by other famous figures from history including Moses, Abraham, Napoleon, and Princess Diana.
5. Each tile used on the statue's surface has been placed individually by hand and many are still missing today - probably because of problems with vandalism or theft.
Christ the Redeemer was built with reinforced concrete and has a 6 million soapstone tile exterior casing. Christ the Redeemer was not constructed in Brazil. It was initially constructed in France by French artist Paul Landowski, who built the monument out of clay parts. It was later completed by Brazilian Artistic Director João Bosco in 1975.
Bosco wanted to create a work of art that would offer hope to those suffering from poverty and despair. He also wanted the statue to be a symbol for peace between Brazil and its rival country, Argentina. In addition, he wanted Christ the Redeemer to be a reminder to people that nothing can separate us from God's love.
Most sources say that the original height of Christ the Redeemer was 42 meters (137 feet), but an old photograph shows him at only 40.5 meters (131 feet). The original weight of the statue is estimated to be 456 tons. After years of exposure to Brazil's harsh climate, the figure is now almost completely covered in white paint.
Some people may know that the Christ the Redeemer statue is located in Rio de Janeiro, but they might not know how it got to Brazil. When Bosco started work on the statue, he asked French artist Paul Landowski to build it but when he died before finishing, his son Louis took over.
That is nearly the equivalent of $3.2 million in US dollars today. The statue had to be built in sections and brought to the mountain top before it could be installed. Reinforced concrete and soapstone were utilized to construct Christ the Redeemer. The right arm points to Rio de Janeiro South, while the left arm points to Rio de Janeiro North. The nose and mouth are made of copper and the eyes are made of glass.
Christ the Redeemer was designed by Brazilian artist Henrique Campos. He started working on the sculpture in 1930 and completed it in 1951. The statue became a landmark for tourists in Rio de Janeiro and inspired other artists throughout Brazil and even around the world.
You can visit the site where Christ the Redeemer stands today at Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro. You can also learn more about him at the Christ the Redeemer Museum, which is attached to the foot of the statue.
Campos died in 1959 just a few months after installing Christ the Redeemer's main part of the body in the mountain. But the work was finished by another famous Brazilian artist, Oscar Niemeyer.
Niemeyer was born in Brazil but he studied architecture in Germany. When he came back to Brazil, he began to create designs that would later be used for public buildings such as schools, libraries, and museums. His most famous design is probably the Capitol building in Washington D.C.