The Taj Mahal is a fully symmetrical designed architecture, with a focus on bilateral symmetry along a central axis where the principal features are located. The construction material is brick-in-lime mortar veneered with red sandstone and marble, with precious and semi-precious stone inlay work. It took 20 years to build this magnificent monument for the love of one woman.
The story goes that Emperor Shah Jahan lost his wife, who was also his cousin, to tuberculosis. So devastated by her death that he wanted to make sure she didn't suffer pain or embarrassment of any kind when she was buried. He ordered that she be wrapped in a shroud of pure white muslin and placed inside a gold-plated casket which was then set inside the main body of the tomb. But even so, he couldn't bring himself to bury her. He kept looking at her picture until there were no more tears left to shed, after which time he ordered that she be buried.
So now he builds this monument as a tribute to her. But what kind of man was he that he would build such a beautiful monument to someone who was only dead? Some say that he was in love with another woman, but it's also been suggested that he was simply trying to show the world how rich and powerful he was. Either way, he did not waste any time building the Taj Mahal once he had made his decision.
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The Taj Mahal embodies the following architectural principles:
Mosque of the Taj Mahal A Mosque constructed of red sandstone rises on the Taj Mahal's western flank, adding to the Taj Mahal's already-present magnificence. The mosque, which is used for prayer, faces the holy city of Mecca and is said to have been erected by Isa Mohammad. It is not known when the mosque was built but it is estimated to be around 15 years after the death of Shah Jahan.
There are many theories about the origin of the name "Taj Mahal". Some say it is an abbreviation of "tomb of majesty", while others believe it is derived from two Mughal words meaning "white marble" or "white stone". Still others think it may be an Indian term meaning "celestial jewel".
The building has an octagonal plan with four identical sides measuring 22 meters (72 feet) in diameter. At the top of the mosque is a dome supported by eight pillars. The interior of the mosque is divided into two parts: one for men and one for women. There are no windows in the wall of the mosque; rather, there are small openings called "mirrors" that allow light to enter but prevent people from seeing what goes on inside the mosque.
The construction of the mosque was probably commissioned by Isa Mohammad, who was the governor of Gwalior during Shah Jahan's reign.
The Taj Mahal is a mosque-like structure and tomb created in the 17th century in remembrance of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan's wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The structure is located in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It is widely regarded as one of the most magnificent structures in the world, and it is one of India's most popular tourist destinations.
The construction started in 1632 and was completed in 1648. It is built from white marble, with some black marble used as well. The complex also contains several other buildings including an office, a museum, a library, and living quarters for workers. In addition, there are three gardens inside the compound: one at the entrance for men to wash before entering, one at the center for spiritual reflection, and another one at the back for flowers and plants.
Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to their 14th child. Since then, Shah Jahan has been building this monument in her memory. It took 20,000 workers over 20 years to complete the project.
The site where the Taj Mahal stands now was once occupied by various buildings including forts and mosques. It has been suggested that some of the stones used for its construction were taken from these earlier sites. However, this issue cannot be confirmed since none of the documents relating to the project have been found.
The name "Taj Mahal" means "Crowned Queen" in English.
The Taj Mahal's Design and Construction The Taj Mahal, named after Mumtaz Mahal, was built of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones (such as jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, amethyst, and turquoise) to produce elaborate motifs in a technique known as pietra dura. It was ordered by Emperor Shah Jahan who married Mumtaz Mahal upon coming to the throne in 1630. The emperor died before he could complete his project, so it was left to his son Shah Jahan II to finish building it.
The Taj Mahal is considered one of the greatest works of human creativity and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also the most popular tourist attraction in India, attracting more than 5 million visitors per year.
Mumtaz Mahal was the daughter of a wealthy Indian merchant family. She married Shah Jahan, the emperor of India at that time. They had three children: a daughter and two sons. After her husband's death, she moved to Agra where she lived in royal splendour with her children. She died in 1647 at the age of 36.
In memory of his wife, Shah Jahan commissioned the Taj Mahal to be built for her tomb. He hired artists and architects from all over the world to build the monument, which took 20 years to complete.
The Taj Mahal translates as "The Jewel of the Palace." The masterpiece represents the pinnacle of Mughal architecture and is regarded as one of the most magnificent structures in the world, earning it selection as one of the world's new seven wonders. The Taj Mahal was erected between 1631 and 1654 in Agra, India, on the banks of the Yamuna River. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial to his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Some have questioned why a building constructed more than three centuries ago needs to be recognized as a wonder of the world. But the creators of this list were not only looking at old buildings but also at structures that are still standing today which reveals how respected the monument is among its peers. The Taj Mahal has withstood the tests of time remarkably well and is an excellent example of Mughal architecture. It is also regarded as one of the greatest works of art in the world.
In addition to being an amazing work of architecture, the building itself is worth seeing. It is over 30 years since its construction was completed so many changes can be seen inside the marble mausoleum including fading paintwork, chipped walls and broken glass. However, even with these signs of wear and tear, the beauty of the building remains unparalleled.
The choice of the Taj Mahal as one of the new seven wonders of the world was certainly a surprise for many people.