These dwellings were traditionally made of wood and occasionally stone (depending the resources available), and were just one room deep and two or three rooms broad, with either a big central fireplace or fires at both ends of the building. There was no such thing as indoor plumbing in those days, so people took their privacy where they could find it.
The typical colonial house was typically about 15 feet wide and 20 feet long, not counting the front porch. The walls were usually between 2 and 6 inches thick, depending on how rich the homeowner was. The roof was made of heavy wooden beams and boards, with layers of shingles or tiles placed right up against each other without any space in between. There were no locks on doors back then, so people tried to make their homes as secure as possible by adding metal latches or even chains as reinforcement. The most common type of window back then was the shuttered window, which is still used today for decoration. These windows would open from the bottom upward, allowing air into the home but keeping out pests and rain.
There were no such things as electricity or gas pipes in 17th-century America. All heat and hot water were provided by fireplaces or kettles. Most houses weren't even connected to the public sewer system, let alone having access to indoor plumbing. People used what tools they had on hand to build their homes.
These early buildings often just had one basic room, A: Puritan dwellings were built with a timber frame and filled with clay, reed, or mud. The residences were designed to face south, allowing the sun to warm the front rooms. (Despite the fact that the sun rises in the east) so they could be used as living quarters.
They also tended to be quite small - most had only two rooms - and sparsely furnished. There was usually a bed for sleeping, a dresser for storing clothes, a pewter candlestick for lighting at night, and a pulpit from which the preacher preached. There were no chairs or tables; people sat on the floor.
The Puritans believed in hard work and independence from others. They didn't trust government agencies or monarchs to provide for their needs. So they built their own churches and schools without any help from anyone else.
Their main form of entertainment was reading religious books. There were few movies or television shows back then!
Because there were no bathrooms in people's homes, there were public toilets called "shops". These were usually outside buildings where you could go to wash your hands or take a leak. There were no toilet papers back then, so people used sticks, branches, or their own handkerchiefs to clean themselves after going to the bathroom.
However, unless you lived in a castle in medieval times, it was not a separate chamber. The "kitchen area" was the space between the fireplace and the front door. For roasting and preparing meat, the kitchen itself contained ovens and enormous fires. The fireplaces might be large enough to stand in.
In larger houses, there would be another room called a buttery where food was kept frozen in winter for easy access. A pantry served a similar function.
In smaller houses, there might be a small anteroom where meals were prepared before being taken into the main part of the house. This would help keep out noise and intruders.
As for cooking tools, medieval people used various kinds of knives, forks, and spoons. They also used grinding stones to make flour. Baking was done in open-air pits or underground rooms called coalges (or "coals").
Table manners were not what we think of them today. People ate with their hands, used their teeth as knives, and drank beer out of mugs. Some scholars believe that this behavior came from eating wild game food without having it cleaned up first. But most people ate whatever their family could afford, which usually wasn't much, so they made do with what they had.
Its qualities are A Federal-style home is often a basic square or rectangular box, two or three levels tall and two rooms deep. Geometrical ideas are frequently included in Federal-style decorating. Typical designs include elliptical, round, and fan-shaped patterns produced by fluted radiating lines. Columns support the roof structure and connect it to the walls. Windows are usually set in large openings with stone sills and lintels. Doors are usually framed with flat panels on either side of a central doorframe. The interior usually has plain wooden floors covered only with rugs or carpets in the warmer months.
Federal styling was popular between 1790 and 1820. It is found in many regions of the country but is most common in the South and West. After 1820, other styles became more popular including Greek and Italian.
Federal homes were built of wood, using standard building materials of the time. They tended to be one-story, with clapboard or shingled exteriors and white-washed interiors. Ceilings were low and wide open spaces were used extensively for storage. There were no kitchens as we know them today, instead there were dining rooms where meals were served at table settings. Bathrooms were outside of living quarters and consisted of a tub surrounded by a curtain of cloths hung from a rod. Chimneys were used for fireplaces which were an important part of life in every household.
They are typically two to three storeys tall, with comparable, traditional room layouts. Furthermore, Zillow classifies colonial homes as having: Roofs with a high apex and little or no overhang. Siding of wood or stone. Two or three windows per floor, usually double-hung sashes with wooden frames. A front door with sidelights and a transom above it. A porch or balcony outside some rooms. Usually there is a lawn in the front and back.
There were once more than one million houses in America. Now there are less than one hundred thousand. Most of these are located in just twenty states. If you live in one of them, then you can be sure to find a nice selection of historic homes available for sale. These days they are often converted into museums, offices, or even guesthouses. Others are preserved as our country's history comes to life at every turn.
The term "colonial" describes a range of architectural styles that evolved in Britain after 1660. They are characterized by substantial walls, low ceilings, and simple design elements such as doors and window openings. The main purpose of architecture at this time was not luxury but efficiency. Houses were built with small, compact spaces to minimize costs and facilitate easy cleaning. Windows were placed near the ground to allow in as much light as possible while keeping out pests and bad weather.
During the Neolithic period, Stone Age dwellings were rectangular and made of timber (4000 BC to 2500 BC). These houses are no longer standing, although the foundations may still be seen. Some buildings featured thatched roofs and walls made of wattle (woven wood) and daub (mud and straw).
During the Bronze Age, people began to make their homes out of stone and metal (2500 BC to 500 BC). They used wood as a building material for only a few more years before going back to using stone.
The Iron Age started around 2000 BC and lasted until 400 AD. During this time, people started making their homes out of things like bricks and tiles instead of just stones.
In the Middle Ages, people built their homes out of wood. There were no real improvements unless someone invented something new. For example, the attic was not used until the 17th century when someone thought it would be cool if we could put our clothes up there too. The basement was also new at this time because people wanted to keep their food fresh rather than just eat it right away. In fact, most houses didn't even have basements until late in the Middle Ages or early in the Modern Era.
In the 19th century, people started building homes with brick and stone instead of just wood. At this time, you also started to see houses with two stories instead of just one.