A bungalow is a type of house or cottage that has either one storey or has a second, half, or partial story constructed into a sloping roof. Bungalows are usually tiny in size and square footage, and they are differentiated by the presence of dormer windows and verandas. Although originally built as single-family homes, many modern bungalows are designed to be divided into separate apartments.
The word "bungalow" comes from the Hindi word "banglāwū," which means "a little hut." The first bungalows were small houses built for British officials in India during the late 18th century.
In the United States, the term "bungalow" has been used to describe small homes built by immigrants from Britain and Germany after they arrived here between 1885 and 1915. These pioneers lived on small plots of land and built their own homes using simple materials such as wood, brick, and mortar. Some had additions built onto them over time; others were completely rebuilt. All had at least two rooms and typically a kitchenette, bathroom, and living room. Most had names like "Bee's Knees" or "Jack's Dream."
In Canada, the word "bungalow" is also used to describe small homes built by immigrants from Britain and Germany after they arrived here between 1885 and 1915.
A bungalow is a single-story detached dwelling, however some may have a second floor due to a loft conversion. However, in order to be considered a real bungalow, the loft conversion must include a sloping roof with dormer windows. These are generally known as "Chalet Bungalows." Also, a half-bungalow has two rooms on the ground floor and one upstairs. They are common in American suburbs where space is at a premium.
Most commonly, a bungalow is defined as a small, modestly furnished house with simple lines and a tile or wood floor. The term is used primarily in countries that were under British rule when the word came into use, such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Jamaica. It also is used widely in the United States.
In Britain, a bungalow is a house built for one family by one builder using standardized plans and specifications. The word comes from the Hindi bongal, meaning "a frame of wood or bamboo for building houses." It was brought to Britain in the 17th century by Indian builders who made their living working on large projects but who often chose to work on smaller jobs too small for a professional architect.
Because they were usually built by only one contractor or builder, these houses tend to be of uniform size and design. Each room has a direct entrance from the street - no internal doors or walls divide the houses into apartments.
Bungalows are one- or one-and-a-half-story buildings with sloping roofs and unenclosed rafters in the eaves, and they generally feature a dormer window (or an attic vent disguised as one) over the main section of the house. This contributes to the distinctive aesthetic that most people identify with the California bungalow. The typical California bungalow has four rooms: a living room, a dining room, a kitchen, and a family room. There is usually a porch or patio outside, and sometimes there is a small yard too.
During the California Gold Rush, many miners built their own homes out of any available material they could find, but once the rush was over, they needed more permanent housing so they hired architects to design these new houses. The pioneers' skills as carpenters were not very advanced, so most of the houses they built were simple but functional structures with few amenities. They often had dirt floors that were covered at night by sheets of oiled paper or canvas.
These pioneer houses were typically only two stories high, but since most families wanted their homes to have lots of light and open space, the third floor was often used for sleeping quarters. On the second floor you would find a bedroom and a bathroom. These were usually not separate rooms but instead could be one large area with a wall dividing it into two areas - one for sleeping and one for eating breakfast and having dinner.
The distinction between cottage and bungalow as nouns is that a cottage is a little home; a cot; a hut, but a bungalow is a small house or cottage with a single story.
Cottages are generally smaller than homes and usually have no more than three bedrooms. They are usually located in rural areas where there are many open fields rather than streets with houses lining them. Cottages tend to be less expensive to build than larger homes.
Bungalows are usually larger than cottages and often have four or more bedrooms. They are found in urban areas near schools, shops, and hospitals etc. Bungalows tend to cost more than cottages because of all the amenities that come with them. For example, some bungalows have swimming pools, others have basement suites with separate entrances.
Both bungalows and cottages can be found throughout Canada but they are most common in British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec. In fact, almost half of all bungalows in Canada are located in these three provinces.
British Columbia has the most bungalows with over 30% of all bungalows in the province. Next is Ontario with about 20% followed by Quebec with about 10%. The rest of the country has just under 5% each of bungalows.
A bungalow is simply a one-story dwelling. This includes both residences with and without basements. This signifies that there is just one level above grade, but there may be one below grade as well. The term "bungalow" comes from the British Indian colony of Bungalow which was developed around the turn of the 20th century.
In general, bungalows are relatively small and compact houses designed for families with small children or elderly people who need more space than typical single-family homes. They usually have four rooms: a living room, a dining room, a kitchen, and a family room. Sometimes a fifth room called a study or a bedroom is added. A bungalow's small size makes it appropriate for yards that aren't too large. In fact, some cities limit the height of buildings in order to make room for parks and other public areas within their limits.
There are two types of bungalows: those with basement apartments and those without. With basement apartments, the floor area of the house is the same as that of a regular bungalow, but there is also a lower level where the garage would normally be. The upper level is divided into two separate bedrooms and a bathroom. These rooms are connected by a ladder or stairway that leads down to the lower level.