Westminster Abbey is a church in London that hosts coronations and other national celebrations. It is located in the Greater London borough of Westminster, immediately west of the Houses of Parliament. It was rebuilt on the premises of a former Benedictine monastery and renamed the Collegiate Church of St. Peter. The present building dates from between 1163 and 1190. It is England's oldest working abbey and one of the most important churches in the country.
The first part of what is now known as Westminster Abbey was built in 1042 by King Edward the Confessor. Over time it has been home to some of the greatest names in history, from William Shakespeare to Winston Churchill. Today it remains an active place of prayer for all kinds of people, from monarchs to mums-to-be and even pets!
Westminster Abbey is open daily from 08:30 until 18:00 (except on Christmas Day). It is also open on selected Sundays throughout the year at various times, usually between 12:00 and 17:00. Admission is free but donations are welcome.
There are no fixed rules about when someone can become king or queen, so these titles can be inherited by any person who meets the requirements. However, since the British monarchy is currently without an heir, Prince Charles will become the next in line after his father, Queen Elizabeth II, dies or steps down.
Westminster Abbey is a collegiate church governed by the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, as established by Queen Elizabeth I's royal charter dated May 21, 1560, which established it as the Collegiate Church of St Peter Westminster, a Royal Peculiar subject to the personal jurisdiction of the Sovereign. The present dean is Jonathan Grace, while the deputy dean is Jo Maughan.
The dean and chapter are both in office for life. They are appointed by the monarch and have the same rights as other abbots and priors. However, because they also serve as governors of the College of Cardinals' voting representatives in the election of new popes, they can effectively delay or even prevent elections by refusing their consent. This has happened on three occasions: when Thomas Wolsey was appointed archbishop of York in 1529, when Henry VIII decided in 1540 that no one could be elected pope until after his death, and when Charles I decided in 1625 that no one could be elected pope until after his restoration.
They also control the finances of the church. The dean and chapter appoint the treasurer and controller of accounts who manage the money belonging to the church. These officers work with the abbot or prioress on a daily basis to ensure that all expenses are paid and any gains are put back into the monastery or parish.
The dean and chapter meet weekly to discuss issues before them.
Westminster Abbey is a Roman Catholic church, whereas Westminster Cathedral is an Anglican church. The two structures are separated by 400 meters, not to mention over 1,000 years of history, with Westminster Cathedral being dedicated in 1910. However, both buildings are under the spiritual leadership of the Bishop of London.
They are also different in design. Westminster Abbey was built in the 11th century and has been expanded several times since then. By comparison, Westminster Cathedral is much more modern and streamlined.
The inside of both churches is equally as beautiful. Each one has its own unique style that has been preserved over time. Westminster Abbey is known for its many ancient monuments such as tombs and statues. As for Westminster Cathedral, it is known for its huge central dome.
There are some areas of overlap between the two churches. For example, both abbeys have their own library system called "the Abbey Library". The libraries at both locations contain books dating back as early as 1066. There are also copies of works by Chaucer, Milton, and Dickens in the Abbey Library.
In addition, there are several pieces of art that are shared by both churches. These include an altar piece by Rubens in Westminster Abbey and a painting by Gainsborough in Westminster Cathedral.
Westminster Abbey/Church of England/Denominations that may be used with Westminster Abbey include Anglican, Catholic, Church of England, Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Greek Orthodox, Independent (non-denominational), Oriental Orthodox, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Russian Orthodox, Salvation Army, Sephardi, West African Baptist, and Western Rite Orthodox.
The Abbey is a major landmark and UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located in London, England, near the River Thames and just south of St. James's Park. The abbey was established by the Anglo-Saxons as early as the 6th century and has been a place of Christian burial for kings and queens, soldiers fallen in battle, and other notables since its creation. Today it is home to more than 800 people including some 20 priests who are resident within the monastery walls and another 10 or so priests who are honorary chaplains but live outside the monastery. The current Archbishop of Canterbury is Justin Welby; the Bishop of London is Michael Curry.