Workplaces, offices, shops, and other unique structures used in and for business or trade are examples of commercial buildings. Industrial buildings are often factory or warehouse structures where goods are manufactured or kept for industries.
All types of businesses need space to work in, but some spaces are more suitable than others. For example, a manufacturing plant needs a stable workspace free of dangerous materials and operations, while a retail store does not. A business may use several different types of spaces during its lifetime, depending on how it changes over time.
The terms "commercial" and "business" are used interchangeably. They both refer to activities that exist for profit. However only certain types of properties can be classified as commercial or business; according to the US Census Bureau, this includes facilities such as shopping malls, hotels, office buildings, etc. Residential property such as houses or apartments are not considered commercial or business properties.
Census data is based on the assumption that all businesses operate within the boundaries of a single city, county, or state. Therefore, non-urban locations are excluded from most census surveys. But many businesses have regional or even international scope, which means they need multiple types of properties to fulfill their needs. For example, a large corporation might have a headquarters building in the center of a city as well as smaller satellite offices around the country.
Business buildings, which include office buildings, warehouses, and retail buildings, are structures utilized for commercial reasons (e.g. convenience stores, "big box" stores, and shopping malls). Office buildings contain the offices of one or more companies while warehouses store goods away from home units. Retail buildings include shops that sell a variety of products and services to the public.
Companies may have different needs for their business facilities, so many different types of commercial buildings are constructed. The most common type is the skyscraper, which is defined as a building with four floors or more. Other common types include the warehouse, factory, and office tower.
There are several factors that determine what type of structure will be used for commercial purposes. For example, if the company plans to use the building as an office then it will need to be at least two stories high and have a roof. If it's going to be a storage facility then it can be any height as long as it has adequate insulation and protection from the elements.
The construction industry is big business that employs many people. There are architects who design buildings including schools, hospitals, and churches; contractors who build them; and laborers who work in all aspects of construction from excavating to finishing up after the building is completed.
When there is a large amount of space dedicated to different uses, these structures are referred to be multi-use. They provide a variety of services that make them convenient and useful for their occupants.
Shopping malls are big, complex commercial buildings that contain various departments including apparel shops, jewelry stores, food courts, entertainment facilities, and more. Like other commercial buildings, they require careful planning and management to remain viable economic entities. Failure to maintain code compliance or adhere to health and safety regulations can result in serious consequences for the building and its occupants.
Malls began appearing in the United States in the 1960s. At first, they were small, one-story enclosed spaces with a few specialty stores. But over time, they have become larger and more complex, incorporating department stores, specialty shops, restaurants, movie theaters, and even indoor golf courses. Today, there are over 1,000 shopping malls in the United States.
Shopping malls use rents paid by tenants to cover their operating expenses. This allows the owner of the mall to keep control of its operations while still earning a profit. Tenants pay rent directly to the mall's owner, who then passes this cost on to consumers via higher prices.
A commercial building is one that has at least 50% of its floor space dedicated to commercial operations such as retail, service offering, or food service (restaurants and the like). The remaining floor space can be office or storage. Some larger buildings are considered commercial if they have more than 25,000 square feet of floor space because they usually have five or more floors. Smaller buildings may be classified as industrial or office depending on their use.
All buildings require maintenance to keep them in good condition. Maintenance can include repairs to roofs, windows, heating systems, plumbing, and electrical wiring. It also includes the cleaning and repair of interior surfaces such as walls and ceilings. In addition, security must be provided by a qualified person at some time during the year. All of these activities are part of the duty of care that owners owe to business tenants.
Maintenance is necessary to make improvements that will benefit both current and future tenants. For example, an owner might want to upgrade certain equipment when needed or add new facilities such as additional parking spaces or improved utilities services. These are all examples of changes that would help make a building more attractive to potential tenants.
An owner also has the right to make alterations or improvements without prior approval from a tenant or its sub-tenant.
The development of structures such as high-rise condos and office skyscrapers, stadiums, schools, hospitals, malls, libraries, art galleries, and museums is referred to as institutional and commercial construction. The architects who design these buildings are called institutional builders or corporate builders.
They work with general contractors, site engineers, electricians, plumbers, carpenters, and other builders to create the actual physical structure. They may also work with interior designers for public buildings such as schools or offices. Finally, they can work with economic developers and community planners to identify needs within their local area and recommend solutions that address those needs while still making financial sense for the institution.
Institutional and commercial builders need people who have expertise in many different fields because there is so much to consider when creating a new building. For example, an architect must be able to design structures that are aesthetically pleasing as well as functional. A structural engineer ensures that the building is safe for its intended use. Other professionals may include environmental scientists for environmentally friendly building materials, health experts for ergonomic designs that minimize stress on employees, and security specialists for advice on how to make sure that the building is secure while at the same time allowing for privacy.
There are many different types of buildings used by institutions for various purposes.