A porte-cochere (English and French: "coach gate"; sometimes known as a "carriage porch") is a covered structure at a building's principal or secondary entry that allows people to depart a horse and carriage (or motor vehicle) while being shielded from the elements. They are most commonly found on large houses in the Gilded Age of American history but can also be found on large houses today, particularly in the South.
They usually consist of an open area with walls and/or a roof of their own construction that extends out from the main body of the house. The entrance to the coach house may be through a separate door or by way of an elevator platform built into the side of the main house. The term "porte-cochere" is used primarily for structures used to provide shelter for horses outside of a stable. In this context, a carport is a type of porte-cochere that provides similar protection for cars.
The word "portico" is used to describe a wide range of exterior architectural features intended to give shelter and decoration without requiring the use of interior rooms. These may include large openings in roofs or walls that let in light and air or coverions that protect occupants from rain and snow. Large areas attached to a house or building have been called "parlors" since 1660s England.
Porte cochere is one of two components featured in major public and private structures in Western architecture, and it was prominent throughout the Renaissance. Later, the name was given to a porch roof erected over a driveway at a building's entry (usually known as the carriage porch). Today, this structure is called an arcade.
The porte cochere is so named because it serves as both a portal into the house or office and a shelter for carriages. It usually extends from the main body of the building along its frontage, providing access to vehicles from the street. A special type of porte cochere is located at the entrance to each chamber in a French château. This component is called a schlösser.
In public buildings and institutions, such as museums, libraries, and galleries, a porte-cochere is used to protect valuable artwork or furnishings from the elements. These shelters are often made of wood and can be painted to match the building's exterior color scheme. They may also have decorative features such as carved woodwork or stained-glass windows.
In houses, the carriage porte cochere is used to provide protection for carriages waiting to be parked by visitors to the home. Often made of wood, these structures feature large openings on either side of the door where horses could enter or leave their stalls.
A porch (from Old French porche, from Latin porticus "colonnade," from porta "passage") is a chamber or gallery set in front of a building's entry, forming a low front and placed in front of the front of the structure it commands. It is more simply characterized as a "projecting building...
A portico is a porch that leads to a building's entry or is extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a pathway supported by columns or contained by walls. This concept was popular in ancient Greece and has affected numerous civilizations, including the majority of Western nations. The term comes from Latin porticus («building»), which in turn comes from Greek pérsikon («covered walkway»).
In classical architecture, a portico is a covered corridor or gallery, usually located at the entrance to a building or temple. The word is also used for similar structures today, such as a veranda or an arcade. In modern usage, the term portico is often restricted to large-scale structures built as part of a public space, such as a town square or a plaza. These may include buildings such as museums or government offices that are not intended for private use or occupancy.
The portico provides protection from the elements for those entering the building or site, and also serves as an extension of the interior into the surrounding landscape. It may be open on one or both sides, depending on the desired effect. A portico can provide additional space for rooms inside the building structure, especially if the building is small. It may also provide views of the surrounding area. Porticos are found all around ancient Greece, notably at the entrance to major public buildings, such as temples or theaters.
A porch is an extension of the floor that can be found at either the front or back door of a house. It might feature an angled roof and light-framed walls projecting from the main structure. A portico is a porch supported by a regular arrangement of columns that leads to a huge building. Porticos are usually found on public buildings like churches or government offices.
People used porches for relaxation and to meet others. They were also used as phone lines because phones had circuits that would carry the call if someone was sitting in a chair next to the wall. If you wanted to make a call, you would get up and move to a different part of your porch so that the call could be completed.
In the South, a porch often has wooden floors covered with rugs. There may be furniture such as rocking chairs where people could sit and read or do crafts. A swing set for children is often placed on the porch so they have something to do outside while their parents enjoy some peace and quiet.
In more modern homes, porches are used instead for entertainment purposes. You can see film projections on a large screen, music plays through speakers placed strategically around the room, and video games are available for players to compete against each other or join together in chat rooms.
People love porches because they provide a place where families can hang out together and have some privacy too.