In Chicago, it is not uncommon for a home's first floor to be below street level. As a result, sewage lines and drains were installed throughout the city, allowing effluent to flow away rather than overflowing the streets. After the pipes were covered in earth, new roads were constructed on top of them. It took 20 years to finish the procedure. By then, much of the original soil had been washed away by rainstorms and the like.
The city's original layout was almost completely destroyed during this process, with parts of the city being rebuilt as many as 100 times. However, this method of construction allowed Chicago to expand its sewer system without causing major problems during or after construction.
After the city's initial construction, builders began building houses above these sewers, which allowed rooms to be added to existing buildings or new structures to be built. This also gave rise to a popular saying: "Chicago isn't built on rocks, it's built through rocks."
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, architects and engineers came up with various ways to build high above cities' sewer systems without using bricks or stones as supporting beams. One example used wood frames with concrete floors and roofs. The resulting buildings were called "artificial islands" because they looked like small islands in the middle of a city block.
These articial islands were not only beautiful, but also helped reduce urban flooding.
Why is it that Chicago is cleaner than New York? Because there was a fire in Chicago that destroyed most of the city. When the city was rebuilt, municipal planners were able to include alleys for rubbish collection. These provide additional space for recycling and trash disposal and reduce street clutter. The presence of these alleyways also helps keep rodent populations down because they provide safe housing away from people.
In New York, there are no such facilities. The only way to dispose of garbage is in trash cans which attract animals and children. This creates a problem for people who live or work in buildings with doormen and guards because there are often restrictions on what you can and cannot throw out. For example, some building owners will not allow trash to be thrown from windows or upstairs rooms because this poses a risk of damage or injury if someone is passing by.
Another difference between Chicago and New York is the rate at which they build up toxic waste. In Chicago, most of the land is used for parks or storage, so there is less chance of contamination. New York, on the other hand, is a densely populated area with many factories and warehouses, so there is a higher chance of pollution. However, both cities have made efforts to clean up their environments; indeed, Chicago is now considered one of the most environmentally friendly cities in America.
The soil of Chicago began as material moving about in Lake Chicago, an ice-age forerunner to Lake Michigan. The equivalent in Chicago, a rock known as dolomite, may be found up to 85 feet beneath. "Yet here in Chicago, we persevered, literally, through all the mud, and constructed [skyscrapers] here," Wiggers adds. "So yes, Chicago is built on rock."
In addition to being one of the world's first skyscraper cities, Chicago was also among the first to use electricity after it was invented in 1882. The city's business district is centered around Rockfeller Center, a 12,000-seat indoor arena that hosts major concerts and sporting events.
People love going to Chicago because there are so many fun things to do. If you're looking for entertainment and activity for all ages, then you won't be disappointed. There are museums, zoos, aquariums, parks, and beaches within an hour's drive of the city. If you get hungry, there are restaurants offering Chinese, Mexican, Italian, French, American, German, Polish, Czech, Bulgarian, Indian, Thai, Vietnamese, Latin American, and South African cuisine within walking distance of everything downtown.
If you want to see what Chicago has to offer beyond the city center, take the El train or the bus system called CTA. They will take you anywhere in the metropolitan area for $2 a ride.
The grid helped Chicago to become the nation's fastest-growing metropolis in the nineteenth century because "[p] lats could be swiftly and cheaply drafted, few abnormalities needed to be handled, and as Chicago acquired nearby territories, the parts of the jigsaw fit into the whole seamlessly..." The plan also allowed for the easy movement of goods and people through the city.
When the French first arrived in Illinois, they brought with them their knowledge of building cities. They built roads along which houses and shops could be placed, and they divided up their towns into grids of wide streets called "lanes" or "avenues." This was possible because these streets were aligned with the sun: east-west streets received light all day, while north-south streets stayed in darkness part of the time. The early Americans copied this idea. When Chicago was founded in 1833, most of the streets were plotted on the basis of the survey made by James Johnson, who had been hired by the city government to draw up plans for its new town. These streets were named after important figures in American history: Jackson, Lincoln, Jefferson, and Washington Streets are found within the city limits today.
As Chicago grew, so did its need for transportation infrastructure. At first, people got around on foot or by horse-drawn carriages, but soon horses weren't enough to meet the demand, so carts were put on wheels and drivers were paid per load transported.