Fallingwater's design is the ultimate of "organic architecture," representing the harmony between humans and environment. The structure, its furnishings, and the surroundings become coherent pieces of one unified, interconnected composition via intelligent design that is effortlessly blended with its natural context. In this way, it is not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing.
The word "fascinating" doesn't begin to describe how Water Falls feels when you step off the path and into its misty embrace. As you walk along the edge of High Falls, you'll hear low voices murmuring, children playing, and an occasional shout from a visitor surprised by how close they can get to the action. You feel as if you have been granted a glimpse into the soul of the mountain.
Water Falls is a unique experience available only at Great Smoky Mountains National Park. To reach the base of the waterfall, you will need to hike about 1 mile along the High Falls Trail. The trail begins near Cades Cove on the south side of the park, just beyond Cades Cove Campground. A total elevation gain of about 400 feet takes you to a panoramic view of the valley below and the tallest waterfall in Tennessee.
You can see Water Falls from several different points along the trail. At some locations, you can even climb up close to the edge for a better view. Don't forget your camera!
Fallingwater is made out of a variety of materials, including stone, concrete, steel, glass, and wood, all of which have aspects that highlight what Wright called "organic architecture." These materials, like biological elements in nature, have deteriorated over the last eighty years, owing in great part to their age. The loss of material strength, however, has not diminished the building's aesthetic appeal or functional utility.
Wright believed that form should follow function and created Fallingwater for living in. The house needs to be seen as an integral whole; no detail is spared in its design or construction. He wanted the home to be efficient yet comfortable, and used natural light and ventilation as guiding principles throughout the building. The site's unusual shape also played a role in determining how the house would be arranged on the land. Although it is one of the smallest houses by volume available in Pittsburgh, it does not feel that way due to the use of natural light and views from almost every room.
Fallingwater was constructed between 1934 and 1964. It is located near Millersville, Pennsylvania (about 20 miles southwest of Pittsburgh). The property was originally owned by the Edmondson family and was sold to Edgar J. Kaufmann in 1930. Kaufmann hired Wright to redesign his home, which had been built by another architect.
Frank Lloyd Wright created Fallingwater, a home constructed above a waterfall in southwest Pennsylvania. Wright designed it between 1936 and 1939 with the intention of redefining the interaction between man, building, and environment. It is considered one of the first modern buildings.
Wright began construction on Fallingwater with the expectation that he would be living in it himself. However, due to financial difficulties, he was forced to sell the house to an acquaintance, Edgar J. Kaufmann, for $40,000 in 1959. Kaufmann restored many of Wright's original designs and added other features, such as four swimming pools, two of which are below ground level. He also replaced some of the windows and added a television room.
Fallingwater has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1970.
Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect who played an influential role in the development of American architecture during the 20th century. His work is characterized by its use of natural materials and his emphasis on the relationship between man and nature. He created some of the most recognized architectural styles including Prairie, Usonian, and Atomic.
His early career was marked by frequent changes of employment and lack of recognition from his peers. It was only after 1904, when he started his own firm, that his reputation as a serious professional grew.
The aim behind organic architecture is to bring human life, nature, and the built environment all on the same level in order to create a healthy ecosystem in which all components support and prosper. As a result, the building must be created as though it were shaped by nature for and from that terrain. The design of organic buildings must take account of how sunlight, wind, rain, and heat are transmitted through or reflected from them so that they do not cause overheating or underheating.
Organic architecture seeks to achieve this by using natural materials such as wood, clay, and stone; by employing simple shapes with smooth surfaces; and by avoiding straight lines and corners. By doing so, an organic building will look beautiful and feel comfortable to live in. It will also reduce its energy consumption because there will be no right angles or sharp changes in direction inside the house which can lead to leaks and cracks forming in walls and roofs.
Natural light is one of the most important elements of any building, and without it you cannot have true organic architecture. During the day, light filters through trees, plants, and other living things and reaches the ground. When it does this, it creates shadows which tell us about the time of year and what kind of weather we are having. These shadows are important factors in determining what kind of roof should be used on a building.
Fallingwater allowed Frank Lloyd Wright to use a new material with remarkable structural possibilities that could be stretched into spectacular cantilevered terraces, stepped and curved to offer a canopy promenade, and smoothly contoured to provide interest to staircases, eaves, and ceilings. The house was also an experiment in cost-effective construction using locally produced materials such as limestone, timber, and glass.
Fallingwater is now a museum open to the public. It is located near Millersville, Pennsylvania (about 45 minutes from Pittsburgh). Admission is free but donations are accepted. Open daily, April through October; closed November through March. Tel: 814-855-1311.
Fallingwater maintains Frank Lloyd Wright's masterwork, as well as the location where it was created, and explains its and their history for current and future generations of the global society. The waterfall serves as a natural sculpture and element in the landscape that draws visitors from around the world to explore this architectural masterpiece.
Wright designed Fallingwater to be the home of the Kaufman family. He wanted them to feel comfortable living in the wilderness yet still have access to all the modern amenities of life. So he included electricity, running water, and indoor plumbing in their home. He also included their own private elevator to take the family up to his art studio on the top floor!
Fallingwater is a national landmark that should not be missed by anyone who has an interest in architecture or nature.
"Organic architecture" appears to indicate the polar opposite of logical, mathematical design, and is most likely related with intuition, irregularity, and a blurring of the man-made artifact with what is natural. It is believed that organic architectural styles began in the late 18th century, but no specific architect has been identified as its originator.
The first known use of the term "organic architecture" was in an article by J.J. Bartholomew in the July 1797 issue of The Monthly Museum: Or, Literary Journal. He used it to describe buildings in Wales that were said to have been built without any appearance of plan or section, which made them difficult to classify.
An example of an early building described as organic is Castle Howard in North Yorkshire, England, designed by George Frederick Cameron and constructed between 1816 and 1827. It features a series of elements including towers, pavilions, and crenellations arranged without apparent order or sequence. A more recent example is Passeig de Gracia, a major street in Barcelona, Spain, designed by modern architects Enric Miralles and Carme Pinós and opened in 2004. It is a one-way street with 19 blocks of space divided into different types of gardens, paths, and seating areas. Each block is like a small square with trees lining each side.