Gustave Eiffel, one of France's "greatest architects," is most known for designing and completing Paris' most renowned monument, the Eiffel Tower, in record time between January 1887 and March 1889. He also designed several other famous buildings, including a large number of railroad stations that are still standing today. Although he was trained as a civil engineer, Eiffel chose to pursue architecture as a career path. He founded his own architectural firm and became one of the leading experts in his field in Europe.
Eiffel did more than just design beautiful buildings; he also invented many new materials and techniques that are used in modern architecture. For example, he developed a method of metal casting called "lost-wax casting" that is now widely used by sculptors to make models of objects before they are made out of stone or clay. Eiffel's revolutionary designs have had a profound effect on modern architecture, especially the way skyscrapers are built today. His patented invention of the iron girder is also used extensively in modern bridges around the world.
As you can see, Gustave Eiffel was not only a great architect, but also a pioneer in many different fields, including engineering, metallurgy, and design. He has had a major impact on our culture over time with his many innovative ideas that continue to be used in modern construction projects all over the world.
The history of the Eiffel Tower is part of our national heritage. For decades, it has served as a symbol of France and Paris. However, when Gustave Eiffel completed its construction in 1889, the tower was originally planned to be a transitory fixture in the Parisian landscape and was far from being the city's favorite icon.
In the beginning, the Eiffel Tower was designed for the World's Fair in Exposition Universelle (or Universal Exhibition) that was held in Paris in 1889. It was one of many new attractions created for this purpose. The fair lasted only three months but its impact on the future life of the tower was profound. In fact, it was during this time that Émile Nouguerau, the designer who worked with Gustave Eiffel on the project, suggested renovating or replacing the original structure. He thought that because of its low height, compared to other monuments in Paris, it could use some additional height to make it appear more imposing and modern.
After the fair ended, the Eiffel Tower remained as part of the Parisian landscape for nearly ten years before it was decided what to do with it. In 1900, the City of Paris bought the tower for $150,000 and it has been their property ever since. Although the money came from public funds, most historians believe that the decision was probably done with the intention of preserving the tower instead of selling it off like other relics of the Exposition.
For 130 years, the Eiffel Tower has been a powerful and unmistakable emblem of Paris, and hence of France. When it was initially erected for the 1889 World's Fair, it astounded the entire world with its size and audacious design, and it represented French know-how and industrial ingenuity. The tower was an immediate success and has since become one of the most recognizable structures in the world.
In addition to being a major tourist attraction, the Eiffel Tower plays an important role in French culture. It has been used as a setting for numerous movies and television shows, and it has also appeared in many songs. The tower has also been a popular location for commemorative events, such as weddings and baptisms. In 2001, President Jacques Chirac attended a ceremony at the base of the tower where he unveiled a plaque in honor of those who died in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.
The Eiffel Tower is considered to be the work of architect Gustave Eiffel. He designed and built it within just four years, from 1887 to 1889. The tower is made up of iron girders that interlock, like the ribs of a starfish. Each floor is about as high as a house balcony, and there are ten floors total. The height of the Eiffel Tower is 328 feet (100 m), which makes it the tallest free-standing structure in the world.
Eiffel is most known for the construction of what would become known as the Eiffel Tower, which began in 1887 in preparation for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris. The tower is made up of 12,000 separate components and 2,500,000 rivets, all of which were designed and built to withstand wind pressure. It is estimated that the tower has withstood wind speeds of over 200 km/h (124 mph) without significant damage.
At the time it was constructed, the Eiffel Tower was considered to be a revolutionary design because of its innovative use of steel girders instead of masonry or wood. It was also the first skyscraper to be built from the ground up as one complete structure and not composed of individual buildings or floors.
The tower was intended to be a permanent monument for the Exposition but has since become an iconic part of Paris itself. It remains a popular attraction with over 1 million visitors each year. In 1994, it was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
After the 1889 Universal Exposition, Eiffel leased the rights to the design to any company that wished to manufacture it. Only two versions of the design were produced: one for France and one for Switzerland. The tower currently stands in Paris near the Trocadéro arch and next to the Champs-Élysées avenue. It is officially named after its designer, who died in 1923.
Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923) designed the Eiffel Tower, which bears his name. But he wasn't the only one working to make his idea a reality. Two of his company's engineers, Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, were also recognized for their contributions to the project. On the job site, between 120 and 200 workers were employed. They built the tower in sections and assembled them on site.
The Eiffel Tower is made up of iron girders that measure about 10 inches by 3 inches by 78 feet long. Each girder is painted gray to reduce the risk of fire. The entire structure is covered with sheets of steel from top to bottom to protect it from weather conditions. The weight of the tower itself is about 7,500 pounds.
When it was completed in 1889, the Eiffel Tower was the world's tallest man-made structure. It remained so for nearly 100 years, until the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York City in 1930. The Eiffel Tower continues to be popular with tourists, especially those visiting Paris. Over 5 million people have visited since the opening of the Seine River Bridge in 1937, which makes the Eiffel Tower the most toured monument in France.
An average of 30 people work at the Eiffel Tower at any given time. Some days, such as public holidays, this number can rise to as many as 50 people.