Machu Picchu is home to about 200 architectural wonders. These structures were constructed from individually formed chunks of carved gray granite stone that fit together precisely. Regular Inca structures were made of rectangular stones with eight corners and six sides. But the architects of Machu Picchu went beyond this simple style to create more complex shapes including triangles, circles, and even a helix. They did this by chiseling away the top half of each stone until only its base remained. Then they packed several of these bases together to form a hollow shell. The final step was to fill the space between the shells with earth and rock-crystal sand.
These days it is common for tourists to take pictures of themselves in front of famous landmarks. But not everyone knows that you can see pictures like these at Machu Picchu. The ancient Incas used to draw their gods inside ceremonial buildings like this one. They did this by drawing on the walls with a special red pigment that we now know is called "ocher". When the Spanish arrived in Peru, they added paintings of their own to match what people told them about the idols in the country.
In conclusion, Machu Picchu is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America. It is a perfect example of the advanced engineering techniques that humans used hundreds of years ago.
Machu Picchu, like other Inca settlements, follows the sacred architectural pattern of truncated pyramid building. The chambers in the buildings were rectangular with variably sized walls. Their straw-covered roofs were fashioned of wooden logs. The buildings no longer have a roof owing to the passage of time. However, their foundation walls are still intact.
In addition to these traditional structures, Machu Picchu also contains several more recent buildings built for the benefit of the many tourists who visit the site every year. These include hotels, restaurants, and shops.
Also notable is the presence of many well-preserved examples of stone carving, some of which show advanced engineering techniques not found elsewhere in South America. Examples include intricate designs used to make nails and hooks as well as objects such as axes that were used by the Incas to work metal tools.
Machu Picchu was never inhabited after the Incas abandoned it around 1540. Today, it is one of Peru's most important archaeological sites. Thousands of visitors come here each year to see the incredible ruins of this lost city with its breathtaking views.
1. IT IS ONE OF THE NEW SEVEN WORLD WONDERS: Machu Picchu is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, along with six other iconic man-made masterpieces such as the Taj Mahal and the Great Wall of China. Machu Picchu, built by the Incans during the height of their reign, sits on its own mountain. It is a sacred place for the indigenous people who live in the region.
2. IT IS A UNIQUE EXPERIENCE NOT TO BE MISSED: The main attraction of Machu Picchu is not just one thing, but rather an entire world of ruins that has been preserved over time. There are trails to follow among the ancient buildings that lead up to panoramic viewpoints where you can take in the whole scene before you. Visitors will find themselves surrounded by plants and trees after thousands of years without any human interference. There are also several museums inside the park that showcase various aspects of Incan culture.
3. IT IS AN AMAZING NATURAL PARK WITH MUCH TO SEE: One advantage of visiting Machu Picchu is that there are so many things to see inside the park itself. There are forests full of colorful flowers, cascading waterfalls, and steep cliffs that provide excellent opportunities for hiking. The feeling of being completely isolated from the outside world makes this location unique. There are no other buildings or roads anywhere near Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu is physical proof of the urban Inca Empire at its pinnacle of power and achievement—a fortress of cut stone so securely fitted together without mortar that its fissures can still be pierced by a knife blade. The only reason it has survived more than 500 years after the Incas were defeated is because it was never truly abandoned.
The Incas built Machu Picchu around 1450-1490 AD, just as they were emerging as a major power in South America. They constructed the city as an estate for their emperor, with extensive gardens, buildings for religious ceremonies, and accommodation for his staff. Unlike most other Inca cities, which were mainly made up of temples and palaces, Machu Picchu was completely enclosed with walls and access to it from outside the city was only possible via a network of roads and paths. This means that anyone living inside the city boundaries would have had no idea what was happening outside except in cases where there was war or another incident requiring them to go out into the world beyond their walls.
Because it was never attacked nor did it suffer any natural disasters, this makes Machu Picchu a perfect example of a preserved ancient city. It is estimated that the population of Machu Picchu when it was first built must have been between 2,000 and 10,000 people, but nobody knows for sure because there are no surviving records describing it.
Machu Picchu is the Inca emperor Pachacuti's royal citadel and an outstanding landmark recognized for its holiness and estate. In the history of civil engineering, the engineering skills utilized in the construction of Machu Picchu in combination with the natural setting are outstanding. The site's creator used local, readily available materials such as stone, clay, and wood, but also included some materials that were not normally used at the time such as iron nails. He also built many reservoirs and buildings without using any mortar.
In addition to its impressive architecture, what makes Machu Picchu so special is its location: it is surrounded by three mountains (Mount Salkantay, Huaynaputina, and Pichincha) that are part of a large system of peaks and valleys called "the Sacred Valley". This area was important to the Incas because it was here where they brought their sacred fire from Mount Mismi. They used this fire to start new villages or campsites and to offer prayers at important sites.
The location of Machu Picchu on top of a mountain ridge with steep cliffs around it made it impossible for humans to discover until recently. The building techniques used by the Incas to construct their city are also responsible for its preservation today. Over time, wind and rain have worn away most other structures except for those at Machu Picchu. Also, there are no trees or vegetation near the site which helps preserve it.