Our neolithic forefathers erected Newgrange 5,000 years ago, 500 years before the Great Pyramid of Giza and 1,000 years before Stonehenge.
Before the first pyramid was completed, Stonehenge was 500–1,000 years old.... The Great Pyramid of Giza is actually the oldest surviving monument in the world. It is more than 4,000 years old.
Stonehenge consists of a collection of more than 200 large stones that were brought from all over Britain and Ireland to form an oval enclosure with four entrance holes at its north-western end. There are also two smaller stones known as "sarsen stones". The exact purpose of the site remains a mystery but it's thought to have been some kind of religious place for ceremonial purposes related to planting and harvesting seasons or perhaps even a calendar.
It's hard to say which is older: the Earth or humanity? Based on what we know about archaeology, it seems likely that Stonehenge was built by ancient people who may have lived in Europe before the Egyptians arrived on the scene. However, because modern scientists don't have access to the secrets of the deep past, they can't be sure how long Stonehenge has existed or who built it.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb for Egypt's pharaohs. It is believed to have taken decades or even centuries to build.
After the Bronze Age, archaeologists believe the Newgrange settlement went inert. However, the site reappeared in the archaeological record in the third and fourth century A.D. Artifacts from the late Roman period, dated between 350 and 450 A.D., have been discovered by excavators. These finds include a fine gold brooch with a central jewel in the form of a carved swan, decorated with three intersecting lines representing the bird's feathers. It is now in the British Museum.
Newgrange was built around 3200 B.C. by people who lived in houses like those found at nearby sites such as Gort and Knowth. The people who built Newgrange were probably members of the early Neolithic culture that emerged about 5000 B.C. across Europe. They lived in small mobile communities foraging for food and gathering materials for their tools and ornaments. About 1500 years ago, these people began building larger settlements with walls and gates. By about 500 B.C., they had developed a more complex society with leaders, warriors, and farmers.
How did scientists know what time it was during the winter solstice? Before electricity was used regularly for daily tasks, people made use of any available light during nighttime hours by observing the night sky. They noticed that whenever there was a full moon, somewhere around December 21st, the days became longer than usual.
The main feature of the Newgrange monument is a massive mound made of alternating layers of dirt and stones, with grass growing on top, and a rebuilt facade of flattish white quartz stones studded at intervals with big rounded cobbles encompassing part of the perimeter. The original flat-topped mountain was about 20 feet high and 250 feet in diameter.
Newgrange is one of the most important archaeological sites in Europe. It is a complex of three large tombs that date from around 3200 BC to 3000 BC. The site was discovered by accident in 1679 when farmers digging a trench for a water supply found the entrance to a large tomb under the hill. Inside they saw some bones which were taken to Dublin's Royal College of Surgeons for study. The surgeons concluded that the bones belonged to a young woman who had been killed about 38 years earlier. This news spread quickly and people started going up to the site to see it for themselves. By the time the first team of archaeologists got there in 1963, hundreds of people were visiting every year. Since then more than 10 million tourists have visited Newgrange itself, which is open daily from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm (until 6:30 pm during school holidays).
Inside the tomb, scientists found evidence that the body inside had been placed in a stone bed with ornate headboards held together with bronze nails.
The Pyramids are about 2,000 years older than the Great Wall. The first "great" wall was built in the 1300s (AD) by the Ming dynasty, most likely in response to the Mongols. That is the one that tourists see nowadays. Khufu, a man from Egypt, erected the Great Pyramid of Giza in 2600 BCE. It is without a doubt the oldest surviving monument on Earth.
Other important factors to take into account are the rate at which they were built and how long they lasted before being destroyed. The Great Wall has been estimated to be around 200 miles long, while the Pyramids are much smaller - only about half as big - but still reach a height of over 467 feet!
In conclusion, the Great Wall is more than just bricks and mortar. It was built with human labor over an extended period of time by multiple rulers for defensive purposes. The Pyramids on the other hand were built by one person who lived many years later. They stand as testimony to the greatness of the Egyptian culture of the 26th century BCE.
The actual age of the Giza pyramids has long been contested because there has been little evidence to indicate when the pyramids were erected up until now. The approximate date when the Khufu pyramid was under construction is 3200 B.C., according to historical texts. This makes the Khufu pyramid approximately 930 years old.
However, new radiocarbon dating techniques have revealed that some ancient Egyptian structures are actually much older than previously thought. An analysis of the Khufu pyramid conducted in 2014 showed that it was built between 2950 and 2690 B.C. which means that it is around 670 years old. This new information calls into question how quickly Egypt's pharaohs were building their monuments as previous estimates had them reaching the Giza plateau around 2560 B.C. for Khufu and 2160 B.C. for Cheops.
These findings also mean that the pyramids were built by powerful leaders who were likely involved in other activities beyond simply building monuments. It is possible that they were being constructed as tombs by members of the royal family who wanted to be close to power after they died.
In addition to Khufu, his son King Khafre also built a pyramid at Giza. The exact date when he started construction on his pyramid has not been determined but it is believed that it was about 50 years after his father's death.