The Taj Mahal is a fully symmetrical designed structure, with an emphasis on bilateral symmetry along a central axis where the principal features are located. The overall impression given by the monument is that of a large tomb rather than a palace.
The monument was built between 1632 and 1652 for the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to commemorate his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is considered one of the greatest achievements in architecture and is also widely regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. The location of the building's construction has been debated among historians; some claim it was built solely for aesthetic purposes while others assert that it served another purpose too. However many scholars agree that it was constructed under heavy political pressure from Jahangir, the emperor who succeeded Shah Jahan.
Even though the monument was intended to be used as a palace, it actually served as a burial place for Shah Jahan and his wife. There are several theories about why Shah Jahan chose to build such a huge tomb instead of a smaller one. Some say that it was a political move to show the other rulers of India and the world that he was not afraid of death and that he could build such a magnificent monument because he was a great ruler.
The Taj Mahal embodies the following architectural principles:
MAHAL TAJO The breadth of the TAJ MAHAL's great central arch to its width, as well as the height of the windows inside the arch to the height of the main section below the domes, have golden proportions. The Taj Mahal's main structure was created utilizing the Golden Ratio. This is why it appears to be flawless. There are two lines on the building that follow the mathematical formula 2/1 which is very similar to the golden ratio. These lines cross each other at certain points and continue around the building forming a perfect circle.
The Taj Mahal has three levels: the ground floor with its huge central dome; the first floor with eight small domed chambers; and the second floor with four more small domes. Each level is divided into four parts by columns with floral designs carved onto them. The central part on each level has an archway made up of two large pillars supporting a third pillar placed exactly in the middle. This forms a doorway that is too narrow for a human being to pass through. The reason for having such a narrow entrance is so that only one person can enter the room at a time. This way there will never be any fighting over who gets to go in first.
The walls inside the Taj Mahal are covered in marble panels containing intricate carvings of flowers, leaves, and vines. The shapes of the panels are based on mathematics, geometry, and art. Wherever possible, symmetrical pairs of images are used, such as a flower pair or a column pair.
I never expected to be so taken with the Taj Mahal. It's a stunning architectural edifice that will leave you speechless. But it's also much more than that. It's a memorial to love lost, it's a monument to peace, it's a place of reflection.
The Taj Mahal is one of India's most beloved monuments and it's not hard to see why. It's beautiful inside and out, and its many stories and myths make it even more interesting to learn about.
You can visit the Taj Mahal at sunrise or sunset, but avoid visiting during heavy rain or extreme heat as this could affect the appearance of the building.
Visiting the Taj Mahal is free but tickets must be booked in advance through the Indian government website. You can book online or by phone. The booking office is located in New Delhi while the nearest airport is 40 minutes away in Gurgaon.
Get ready for an unforgettable experience at one of the world's most beautiful landmarks.