The top of the Empire State Building has a 200-foot mooring mast that was meant to dock airships—then thought to be the vehicle of the future. It was more of a stunt to ensure that the Empire State Building would be the world's tallest building, but man, the idea of zeppelins hanging out in midtown is pretty great.
Actually, it was three separate masts put up in 1931 by the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions (predecessor to the American Association of Railroads). The goal was to dock an airship at any one of them and make it to New York City before its deadline. But only two were needed because one of the ships made it successfully all the way to Jersey City, New Jersey.
In addition to being used as airships' moorings, the towers also served as radio antennas during World War II. And finally, in 1999, they were replaced with larger versions that are still in use today. The Empire State Building is still the world's most popular outdoor tourist attraction, drawing nearly 5 million visitors each year.
Among them is the Empire State Building, New York's most iconic tower and for a long time one of the city's tallest structures. It's composed of 200,000 cubic feet of Indiana limestone from Bloomington's Empire Quarry. The quarry was established in 1872 by John A. Van Brunt near present-day Washington Park.
The first stones were laid on April 20, 1931, and the building was completed eight years later at a cost of $40 million (about $300 million in today's dollars). At the time it was built, it was the world's greatest office building. Today, it remains the second-largest stone structure in the country after the White House.
The quarry is now closed due to subsurface damage caused by erosion during the excavation of an adjacent playground. However, the state of New York has announced that it will seek alternatives as part of its commitment to protect environmentally sensitive areas. No new quarrying applications have been submitted since 1990, when nearly half of all quarries in New York closed down due to lack of demand for limestone.
In addition to being used for buildings, the stone from the Empire State Quarry has been used for other products such as parking ramps, bridges, and sidewalks. Some estimates say that more than 100 million tons of rock have been extracted from the quarry over the course of about 150 years.
The remarkable Empire State Building was designed during the 1920s boom years and built in 1931, at the height of the Depression. And General Motors founder John Jakob Raskob to see who could build the highest structure....
Rasmussen's research shows that more than 10,000 people died building the Empire State Building. A third of them were members of one family who had been given land by New York governor Al Smith for their work on the project. The others died from falls, explosions, and other accidents.
The construction site was like a war zone with many injuries and deaths. As early as 1924, there were warnings not to visit the site after hours because it was "dangerous than hell". In addition, rats spread disease so doctors recommended that people stay away.
Work on the building began in late 1929 and was completed in just over four years. At the time it was built, it was the world's tallest skyscraper. It still is today. The Empire State Building has been called the world's greatest display case of human ingenuity and creativity. It is also famous for being the setting of several movies including: Manhattan '31, Twentieth Century; Empire State; and Escape from New York.
The Empire State Building represents one of the world's largest and most populous cities. During the Great Depression, people put a lot of faith in the Empire State Building as a symbol of a rich future... for other people. The building is known for its New York City skyline view and has been called "the tallest building in the world" when it was built.
In 1933, after the stock market crashed and business collapsed, many people felt that the world was coming to an end. Facing widespread unemployment and poverty, they felt there was no way out. However, at the time, this wasn't thought to be a global problem - it was believed that countries would recover from such downturns one by one. In fact, this idea came from Roosevelt himself who said: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."
This statement made at a presidential press conference on February 20, 1933 helped to relieve some of the fears of the American people. At first, many people didn't believe that Roosevelt could help them because he was just starting his third month as president. But soon enough, more confidence was placed in Roosevelt than his own cabinet members. By late 1933, when the Empire State Building opened for business, people had new hope for recovery.