Big Ben is a well-known clock tower in London, located at the north end of Westminster Palace. It was finished in 1859. Charles Barry was the architect in charge of the building's design, but he solicited the help of Augustus Pugin to create ideas for the clock tower. When Barry died in 1851, the job was completed by Edward Ashworth and Henry Isaac Stevens.
Ben means "son" in Hebrew, and it is said that the name Big Ben is derived from the fact that when the young prince Albert visited the site in 1858 he was so impressed by the size of the bell then known as Benjamin Routh's Son that he ordered that it be named after him. However, there is no evidence to support this story; instead, it appears to be a myth started by Barry's colleagues to explain why he had failed to include any reference to Prince Albert in his plans.
The real reason may have been that Barry did not want to be associated with such a large project while still working on other important buildings, especially since Parliament had not yet agreed to pay him for his work. In any case, it can be assumed that if Barry had wanted to honor Prince Albert he would have included some indication of this in his plans.
In addition to being an architect, Charles Barry was also an artist who designed many of the decorations used inside and outside the palace.
Big Ben, one of London's most famous monuments, is a 316-foot-tall clock tower that was completed in 1858. As previously said, the renowned clock is located in London, and the name alludes to the hour bell of the clock, which is the biggest of the clock's five bells. More...
The current clock was designed by George Graham and Edward John Stone, and it uses electric motors instead of springs to keep time. The clock also has an automatic weather station built into it.
In terms of architecture, the clock tower fits into the Victorian era of British design, which was dominated by Gothic and Renaissance styles. It is believed that Thomas Jefferson when he visited England asked why there were no American architects, and upon returning home he hired George Washington Carver to help him develop American architectural styles. Today, America's first presidential mansion, White House, and the tallest building in New York, Chrysler Building, are examples of American architecture.
Upon opening in 1859, the clock cost £15,000 (about $A240,000 today) to build, and it took more than three years to complete it. At the time it was built, it was the largest single-span clock in the world. It still holds these titles today; however, the original clock mechanism has been replaced several times over the years.
The clock's face is about 12 feet in diameter, and it can be seen for miles around.
From March 1, 1812 through September 14, 1852 His work resulted in the design of the interior of the Palace of Westminster in Westminster, London, England, as well as its renowned clock tower, subsequently called the Elizabeth Tower, which houses the Big Ben bell. Pugin designed a number of churches in England, as well as several in Ireland and Australia. He is also known for designing monastic buildings, including libraries, museums, and chapels.
Pugin was born on February 7, 1778 in Alton, Hampshire, England. His father was a successful architect who had been trained by William Kent (the other great influence on Pugin's career). When he was nine years old his family moved to Brussels where his father took a job with the British government building ships for the army. Young Pugin grew up in a house with brick walls painted white, which helped him understand the importance of light and space in architecture.
When he was 20 years old, Pugin went to study at Oxford University but left after only a few months because there were no rooms available at any price for someone like him - an impoverished student. So, he returned home to Brussels where he worked as an assistant to his father until his death in 1815. During this time, Pugin learned all that he could about architecture and design from his father and others. In 1802, he started his own practice which became very successful.