Although the Titanic was conceived in Liverpool, the city never got to see it steaming up the Mersey. "There was a plan for Titanic to stop in Liverpool before sailing down to Southampton for her first trip," Mr. Hill explained. "But this route would have taken her too far from land and so they decided to go straight across the Atlantic."
Titanic was constructed by Harland & Wolff at their shipyard in Belfast. The hull was launched on 10 April 1910 and completed in late 1912. She was the largest ship ever built in Northern Ireland until the construction of HMS Queen Elizabeth in 2016.
The Titanic was an ocean liner that was designed by Thomas Andrews and was operated by the White Star Line. She had been named after one of its shareholders, Mrs. J. P. Morgan (who also served as chairman of the board). The ship was 2,224 feet long, she had fourteen passenger decks, three swimming pools, two movie theaters, a Turkish bath, a large conference room, and many other amenities. At the time of her sinking, she was cruising with about 4,000 people on board, most of them Canadian.
The ship's maiden voyage was from Southampton to New York City. On her second voyage, she made another crossing from Southampton to Halifax where she picked up more passengers and cargo.
The city of Liverpool was painted on the stern of the Titanic, yet the ship never visited it. Nonetheless, Liverpool may lay claim to being the spiritual home of the fateful ship. The Titanic was conceived and built in Albion House, the Liverpool headquarters of the White Star Line. Also, one of the founders of the Titanic Company happened to be a resident of Liverpool -- Edward John Morell.
The Titanic was launched at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast. She was completed in less than two years and entered service in April 1912. That year, she made her first voyage from Southampton to New York City. On her second voyage, she struck an iceberg and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off Newfoundland four hours later, killing all aboard. Although none of these facts directly relates to Liverpool, they do show that Liverpool was important to the shipping industry at the time and was probably known as something of a risky venture due to its proximity to ice fields in early spring.
Morell's family lived near the site where the Titanic was built so he may have seen her emerge from the factory gates for the first time. He would have been about 15 years old at the time. After the death of his father, who served on the board of the Titanic Company, Edward John took over the role of chairman. In this position, he decided what ships should be built by the company and negotiated contracts with shipbuilders.
The Titanic sailed away from Berth 44. In 1907, the White Star Line moved their transatlantic operations from Liverpool to Southampton, establishing the city as England's most significant passenger port. Southampton's economy was thriving at the time of the Titanic's departure, and the port had 23 steamship firms in service.
The Titanic departed from the Livermore Dock at 10:00 on Sunday, April 9th, 1912. She was bound for New York with 1420 first class passengers aboard and a crew of 515. At the time, she was the largest ship ever to sail the Atlantic Ocean.
Liverpool was once again chosen to host the world's greatest luxury liner, but this time there would be no more trips back home. On her maiden voyage across the ocean, the Titanic struck an iceberg and sank early on Friday, April 14th, 1912. All those aboard were killed. The loss of life was greater than that caused by any other single incident before or since. The sinking of the Titanic brought about major changes to maritime safety. It is believed that over 60 years later, another great ship could have been saved if there were alarms on board warning of ice in the area. However, no such alarm sounded during the sinking of the Titanic, so it can never be known for sure whether this might have prevented the tragedy.
After the disaster, many theories were put forward to explain what happened.