A Viking ring fortress, also known as a Trelleborg-type stronghold, is a form of circular fort erected in Scandinavia during the Viking Age. They are sometimes referred to as "trelleborgs." Every trelleborg is strictly round, with roads and gates pointing in the four cardinal directions. The only entrance is through the middle of the north side. There are five windows on the south side and three on the other three sides.
They were used as administrative centers and as defensive strongholds for villages or smaller towns. Although made of wood, they had stone foundations, which gave them weight and strength like a castle.
The first recorded sighting by a European of a trelleborg was in 1647 by Peter Stuyvesant, the last Dutch governor of New York City. In 1649, he described them as "strong wooden houses with stone walls that seem almost impossible to capture."
There are about 30 preserved ring forts in Sweden. Most are located in Bohuslän near Trollhättan where they were used as farm buildings until around 1750. Then the forts were given new purposes: some as prison camps, others as military barracks. One of these fortified farms is Ovanåker. It is open to the public as a museum. Ring forts are also found in Norway and Denmark but not as many as in Sweden.
Borgeby's fort has been dated to approximately 1000 AD, thus it's conceivable that it was also erected by the same monarch. The first recorded king of Norway to do so was Harald Hardråde.
According to some sources, these forts were built with materials taken from old Christian settlements. However, this is not supported by any evidence apart from oral history. It is more likely that they just used whatever material was available instead, which would have included wood and earth for foundations.
It is possible that some earlier structures were converted into strongholds by building a new outer wall. Examples include Oseberg ship and Gokstad ship. However, since these are burial sites it is unlikely that they were used as living spaces. More likely, they were converted into strongholds after being abandoned as fishing stations or trading posts.
There are several other types of Viking age fortified dwellings that have been found across Europe. Some are probably remains of early Scandinavian settlements that were later upgraded by adding walls. Others are probably used as guards houses, storage facilities, or even private homes.
The only certain thing about most Viking age fortified dwellings is that they were built to protect their occupants from attack.
Christiansborg Castle was erected by the Swedes in 1652 as a lodge primarily for goods storage. It became their main castle after they acquired the land in 1645. The current building is the third version of the castle, built by Carl von Linne between 1720 and 1741.
Haga Castle was built by the Swedish army engineer Hans Willem von Agebroeck between 1611 and 1614 as a fortress to protect the city of Helsingør on the Danish border. The castle later served as the headquarters for King Frederick III when he invaded Denmark in 1536. In 1658, it became a prison where many famous people were held before they could be tried for treason. Some were never released including Queen Christina of Sweden who was imprisoned here until her death in 1689.
Liseberg Castle was constructed from 1866 to 1889 by royal architect Alfred Hedstrom to replace an old fortress that had been located on the site. The new castle was designed to resemble a medieval crusader's stronghold with seven towers and three gates. Liseberg means "beautiful valley" in Swedish and this name is used for several other parks across Sweden.
Manor dwellings were expected to outnumber castles in Norway. Palass means palace in Norwegian, slott means castle, and festning or fort means fortress. We have included all of Norway's well-known castles. Castles were erected in various styles and architecture for over 900 years throughout the Middle Ages. They were used for defense as well as accommodation.
Norway was not rich in minerals, but it had great forests that provided timber for building ships and houses. In addition, there were many quarries that supplied stone for buildings. Towns and cities grew up around churches and marketplaces. During the Viking age, tribes from Europe invaded and settled in parts of Norway; they established new kingdoms which later became states within the European union. These tribes built their own churches and fortified homes near where they lived, just like the Romans did in Italy. When the Norsemen conquered areas with castles, they also used them as prisons until they could be sent home. Norway had a royal family who ruled over different parts of the country at different times. The current king of Norway is Olav V. He has been king since 1991 when his father died under mysterious circumstances.
People visit castles all over the world because they want to see old buildings with stories behind them. Sometimes you can find weapons stuck in the wall, people locked in cages, and even a whole room filled with nothing but a table and chairs. There are also museums inside most castles that show visitors how people lived many years ago.
The Vikings came from what is now modern-day Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. These are called the Viking Peninsula.
The Germans called them Die Eiserne Vorposte (the Iron Fist Peninsula). They said it was so named because many a German had their leg or arm taken off at the wrist while fighting against these pirates.
The Britons called them Pen Llŷn (Peninsula of Lion), because many of these men were captains who saved their ships.
Where they landed is still disputed today. Some say they started in England, others in France, but most believe that they arrived in Europe by sea.
From what we know from historical sources, they traveled across Europe, stopping here and there to plunder and raid villages, until they reached Russia. There they traded weapons with the locals for fur in return. This is how they got their name: vikings -v- kozhej/zhyek, meaning "fury" in Old Norse.
During their travels, some of them must have stayed behind when the rest went on further west. When the Germans came into contact with these people, they also took their name: vikings.
Swords, axes, bows and arrows, lances, and spears were among the weapons employed throughout the Viking Age. Shields, helmets, and chain mail were also employed by the Vikings to protect themselves in battle. The Vikings are known for their innovation in weaponry, and some of their inventions have been adopted by later military forces.
The longship was the most important weapon used by the Vikings. It was primarily a ship designed for war, but the Vikings used them for trade too. They were able to carry many people and supplies back then which made them useful for traveling between villages or trading with other countries. The longship had two main functions: it could be used as transport for soldiers and equipment, and it could be used in combat.
Other weapons included in the Viking arsenal were swords, axes, bows and arrows, lances, and spears. These tools were used to kill each other in battle or hunt animals. The Vikings were very skilled at hunting because they needed to eat to survive. When you travel out into the world to find new lands to explore, fight wars, or trade with others, you need food to keep yourself strong and healthy. So the Vikings learned how to grow crops such as wheat and barley because that's what would make them rich enough to buy all those cool things from outside countries!