Some of the most recognizable components of classical architecture include the Greek order of columns, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These standards were followed by Roman architects, with the Corinthian style being the most popular and employed in many Roman structures. Baroque architecture has a similar effect on people who see it.
The three main styles of modern architecture are Brutalism, Functionalism, and Post-Modernism. Brutalist architecture was first used by the Soviet Union during the 1950s and 1960s to describe concrete buildings that were devoid of aesthetic or functional detail. This style is still widely used today by countries that value efficiency over appearance, such as China and Russia. In the United States, Brutalist buildings can be seen in New York City's Bronx County Courthouse and Brooklyn Supreme Court. Functionalism is the main design concept behind much public housing built during the Great Depression. The best example of this style is the US Social Security Administration building in Washington, DC. Post-Modernism is another term for Modernism after it became popular in the late 1940s. Post-Modernists use materials such as glass, steel, and concrete but often add decorative touches like mosaics or sculpture. Some famous examples of post-Modern architecture include Disney's Epcot Center and La Sagrada Familia in Barcelona.
Over time, new styles of architecture have been invented that are not classified under any single theme.
The term "Corinthian" refers to an elaborate column style that originated in ancient Greece and is considered one of the Classical Orders of Architecture. The Corinthian order is more sophisticated and detailed than the Doric and Ionic systems. It has six angled shafts, two on each side of the building, with a capital at the top of each shaft. There are also four half-columns below the capital.
The word "corinthian" comes from korē, which means "wood" or "tree." Thus, the Corinthian order is so called because it usually has wood columns. However, other materials such as stone or metal can be used instead.
Ancient Greek architects were very interested in movement and lightness in their buildings. They often placed their entrances on the second floor to allow for more natural light into the room and to avoid having to enter an underground space.
The Greeks also incorporated various views of the city into their designs. This helped to show respect for the gods who had something to do with the location of the city.
Finally, the Corinthian order was used mostly on public buildings such as temples or theaters. It is estimated that about half of all Greek temples were built using this order.
Even today, people find beauty in the Corinthian order.
Classical Greek architecture is split into three orders: the Doric Order, the Ionic Order, and the Corinthian Order. All three styles had a significant effect on later Western architecture. The Doric style was originally used for temples and other large structures, while the Ionic style was used for columns and capitals. The Corinthian style was used for decorative elements such as entablatures and pediments.
Each order is characterized by specific features of construction and design. In general, Doric temples are built with rough-hewn stone and have no internal division between their cella (or naos) and its surrounding structure. Walls are usually made of mortared rubble mixed with some brick or tile for extra strength. The roof is usually composed of wood and covered with clay tiles. Ionic temples are almost identical to each other except that they tend to be taller and more slender. The typical Ionic column has a diameter of about 1.5 meters and is often crowned with an ornamental capital made of bronze or marble. Corinthian buildings have very ornate decorations which include volutes (snake-like curves) and acanthus leaves (imported from Greece). They also have very tall, thin pillars. Each city-state in Greece had its own specialty style of architecture, but these were all based on one of the three main orders described above.
Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns are the three kinds of Roman columns. Because of the magnificent yet complicated designs utilized by Roman architects on the tops of the pillars, drawing these pillars may be a difficult undertaking. When drawing them, you want them to look precisely like the originals, which implies using very accurate references.
Doric columns have an upright shaft with a slight curve at the top called the capital. The base of the column is also slightly curved. Ionic columns have a straight shaft with a large curve at the top called the capital. The base of the column is also straight. Corinthian columns have a very tall shaft with two curves: one at the bottom where it meets the floor, and another higher up called the acroterion. The base of the column is also tall and narrow.
Each type of column has its advantages and disadvantages. Doric columns are the simplest to draw but they look the least interesting. Ionic columns are taller and more slender than doric columns but they have a more massive appearance. Corinthian columns are the most impressive but they're also the hardest to draw accurately because there are so many different parts. They range in height from about foot to almost 100 feet (30 m or 100 meters).
The original inhabitants of Greece built with Doric columns, which are still seen in some temples today. The Romans adopted this style and used it for public buildings such as basilicas.
Architecture of the Roman Empire: The Pantheon was built as a temple to all gods, but over time it became a shrine to one single god - Jupiter. It was constructed in 125-124 BC by Marcus Agrippa, who also built many other impressive structures in Rome. The Pantheon has been called the most beautiful building in the world!
It is a large, mostly open structure with an average diameter of 42 feet (13 m). There are actually two completely separate buildings inside the Pantheon - the outer shell or cupola was built first and it is where you will find the altar for sacrifices to Jupiter. The inner space is hollow and it is here that you will find the original stone roof which can be seen from outside the building. This ceiling still contains its original stucco decoration which includes images of planets, stars, and constellations.
The Pantheon was originally built as a temple to all gods, but over time it became a shrine to one single god - Jupiter.