A terrace, also known as a terraced house (UK) or a townhouse (US), is a kind of medium-density housing that developed in Europe in the 16th century, in which a series of linked residences shares side walls. The term "townhouse" was originally used to describe such buildings in London, but it has since become common across the United Kingdom.
Terrace houses have two or three floors with each floor having one or more rooms. The rooms usually have a shared wall with adjacent rooms; however, some houses may have rooms that have separate doors. The roof is often flat, although sometimes it is gabled. Sometimes a basement is included below ground level; this is especially common in London where many streets do not have any public footpaths between them and so were originally designed with shops on the ground floor and apartments above.
They are found worldwide but are most common in European cities with large populations. In England, about 9 million people live in terraces, while 1.5 million live in townhouses. In France, about 5 million people live in terraces, while 500,000 live in townhouses. In Germany, about 3 million people live in terraces, while 200,000 live in townhouses.
Houses on terraces were called "two up, two down". Three-roomed houses with offices above them were called "three up, three down". Four-roomed houses with shops on the ground floor were called "four up, four down". Five-roomed houses with flats above them were called "five up, five down".
Six-roomed houses with six flats upstairs were called "six up, six down". Seven-roomed houses with flats on each floor were called "seven up, seven down". Eight-roomed houses with shops on each floor were called "eight up, eight down".
Nine-roomed houses with flats on each floor except the first and third floors were called "nine up, nine down". Ten-roomed houses with shops on each floor were called "ten up, ten down".
Eleven-roomed houses with flats on each floor except for the first, third, and fifth floors were called "eleven up, eleven down". Twelve-roomed houses with shops on each floor were called "twelve up, twelve down".
In downtown London, terraces and rowhouses are fairly numerous, and they are frequently modeled as townhouses. In fact, a townhouse is simply any number of houses built as one property. Thus, there are townhouses in Kensington and Chelsea, and these are different to townhouses in Shoreditch and Hackney, which are again different to townhouses in Dalston.
Each townhouse has its own front door with a knocker, and sometimes each floor also has a separate entrance. They usually have four or five floors, with the ground floor often used for shops. Each floor may have several living rooms or dining rooms, along with kitchens and bathrooms. A townhouse can be very expensive to rent or buy.
There are other types of housing in London that are also called townhouses. These include serviced apartments and short-term rentals such as Airbnb. However, a townhouse owner would not expect to make money from renting out their home on Airbnb!
A townhouse also includes any number of attached houses built on a single lot. These may be two storeys high, but rarely more than four. They usually have a shared driveway at the front and back, and a common garden.
Rowhouses are sometimes known as (roU haUs). The plural version of row homes is row houses. A countable noun A row home is one of a group of houses that are connected by both of its side walls. [US] regional note: terraced houses are used in Brittany. An unplanned assemblage of dwellings in which the floors are divided by layers of stone or brick, with an attic space above them. In Britain, these are usually called "row houses".
An uncountable noun A row of houses is one that has several houses on each side. There are many rows of shops or offices for example.
You can also say that there is a line of houses. This means the same thing as saying that there is a row of houses.
A townhouse is a multi-level building that is built to seem like a home on a strata title. You own the house, but you share the land with others. Townhouses often provide the size and privacy of a house, as well as outdoor space and room for the family to walk about. However, they do not have the cost or responsibility of owning a property as a single-family home.
There are two types of townhouses: attached and detached. In an attached townhouse, each unit is housed inside its own private section of the house with a shared living area in between. Each apartment has its own kitchen, bathroom, and storage space. Attached townhouses are usually found where there is no lot separation, such as along a street, in a complex, or within a residential neighborhood. They are most common in Canada and parts of Europe. In contrast, a detached townhouse has separate sections for each apartment, allowing for more space. It is common in larger cities in North America and Europe.
Both attached and detached townhouses can be found anywhere there are houses built before 1978. These older townhouses were typically made out of brick or stone and had open floor plans with large windows and high ceilings. Because of this, they are expensive to maintain and costly to heat and cool.
In recent years, newer models of townhouses have been created with smaller footprints and lower ceilings to save money.