In Australia, lightweight framed construction is the most prevalent building system. Steel and wood, the two most often utilized frame materials, may improve a home's comfort, aesthetic, and environmental performance. The main advantage of steel frames over timber frames is their durability: unlike wood, steel will not rot away.
The quality of framing affects how easily a house can be repaired or replaced if damaged. Poorly built houses have frames that are out of alignment or contain other problems which make them look ugly quickly. These houses also tend to be more expensive because they require more work to bring them up to code and make them safe to live in.
Australia has three main climate regions: tropical north, tropical south, and desert. Where you find one, you usually find all the others too. Tropical areas have hot, humid conditions throughout the year. They include the northern half of Queensland, part of New South Wales, and parts of the Northern Territory and Victoria.
The southern half of New South Wales is known as the Southern Highlands. This region has mild to warm temperatures mostly between 16 and 27 degrees Celsius (60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit), with only small variations during the day. It has very dry conditions, with most places receiving less than 10 inches (250 millimeters) of rain per year. Parts of Victoria and Tasmania are also in the tropics.
The most popular kind of bricks and blocks used in modern Australian home construction are those composed of concrete or clay. Cladding is a non-loadbearing covering or coating that is placed to the outside of a house to shed water and protect it from the elements. It can be as simple as tiling or paining to give your house a new look or it can be more complex, for example using different colors or textures of cladding to create a unique facade within the local building regulations.
Other common building materials include iron, steel, timber and plastic. Iron and steel are used in constructing buildings as structural components including frames, columns, beams and roofs. Timber is the most common material used for housing, whether it is for homes, schools, shops or other structures. Plastic is also used for housing, although it is usually used instead of wood as plastic is much lighter weight and does not rot away like trees do.
In conclusion, there are many different materials that can be used to construct houses. Concrete is by far the most popular because it is easy to work with, durable and affordable. Other common materials include iron, steel, timber and plastic.
Early Australian dwellings ranged from branch shelters with only a roof and no walls to bush and bark huts, log cabins, slabs, wattle-and-daub, thatched, and sod cottages. Because lumber was plentiful, it was utilized for walls, roofs, flooring, doors, windows, and even chimneys. Some early homes had stone foundations but most were made of wood, which is becoming old now.
Branch shelters consisted of branches or twigs tied together with grass or roots as a frame around which sheets of bark or cloth were wrapped to make a protective covering. These were often built near water where wood is available on which they could be based.
Bush and bark huts were the most basic form of housing for early settlers. They usually only had a roof made of bark or leaves which provided some protection from the elements but not much else. There might be one or two walls made out of sticks and mud that would keep out animals but not much else.
Log cabins are still used by some farmers as both a home and workplace because they are easy to build and durable. They usually have four legs supporting a flat top surface called a deck. The corners of the cabin are made up of boards attached to the sides of the main beam called trunnels. The ends of the trunnels should face the back of the cabin so that they do not show when the cabin is being transported over rough ground.