When it comes to building structures, four materials are commonly used: wood, steel, reinforced concrete, and steel-reinforced concrete. This information is required by law anytime you seek to rent or purchase a new property in Japan. The contents of the checklist will vary depending on the type of structure being built but will always include the following:
The checklist for wooden buildings consists of eight questions about the wood that was used to construct the house. The inspector also checks to see if any parts of the house were recently replaced. If so, then they should be described in detail in writing before the permit is issued.
For steel buildings, the inspector will ask about the material used in its construction as well as its thickness. They will also want to know how the steel was treated before it was painted. Non-treated steel cannot be painted, while phosphated steel can be either black or white.
If the building is reinforced concrete, the inspector will first check to make sure that the necessary permits have been filed with the city hall. Then they will want to know the ratio of cement to aggregate in the mix. The strength of the concrete must be tested after it has time to cure in the air; this usually takes three days.
Finally, if the building is reinforced concrete with hollow core columns, the inspector will want to know the diameter of their holes.
A Japanese wall is a classic feature in the construction of Japanese teahouses, castles, and temples made of sand, clay, diatomaceous earth, and straw. The walls are usually about 1 meter (3 feet) tall and consist of multiple layers, often including a center layer of rice straw and outer layers of reed matting.
In modern times, reinforced concrete has largely replaced wood and other materials for building structures. However, ancient Japanese buildings may still be seen with shouneki-zukuri, a style of architecture that uses wood as its main material. This type of building requires much labor-intensive work to construct and maintain, so most villages/towns only have a few examples left today.
In conclusion, Japanese walls were traditionally made of rice straw and reed matting. They were often painted red, black, or white to warn people of an intruding enemy or to signify the status of the owner. Today, many Japanese buildings use concrete as their main material, which is less vulnerable to damage from earthquakes or war. However, there are still several antique hotels and ryokan (traditional Japanese guesthouses) in Japan that use wood as their main material. They provide a unique sight to see inside these buildings.
Japanese architecture (Ri Ben Jian Zhu, Nihon kenchiku) has been characterized by raised timber constructions with tiled or thatched roofs. The word "Japaneseness" is used to describe the characteristic style of architecture found in Japan and many other areas where Japanese immigrants have settled. Although Japanese architects have been influenced by many different cultures, they have also contributed much to their adopted countries.
Traditional Japanese buildings were made from wood, with tiles or thatch for roofing. Tiles were an important part of ancient Japanese architecture: they were used on walls, as floor coverings, and even as roofing material. But after the arrival of Chinese immigrants into Japan, they began to use cement instead. Today, Japanese buildings tend to be mostly made from concrete.
The traditional Japanese house was a single story building with a flat roof and simple rectangular plans. It had no basement or attic, and there were no closets inside the house. Windows were usually placed high up on the wall, so that people would not be tempted to break into houses this way. Doors were always on the side of the building facing away from the street, so that they could be opened easily from outside.
There were three main types of Japanese buildings: wooden halls built by the samurai class; temples; and shrines.