Tuguls of African Origin Ethiopia's Sidama people are famed for their magnificent bamboo-woven huts known as tuguls. The tugul, also known as the Ethiopian House, is a dome-shaped structure with a modest front porch that shades the entry. It is an economical and efficient form of housing that allows the family to live in one room while still having space for storage and a sleeping area.
There are several types of tuguls: some are made of sticks and others of bamboo. The house will usually have one main door which leads into the center of the dwelling where there may be a fire or not. From here branches lead off in all directions to store food, keep clothes, and provide additional rooms for children or guests. A rug might be placed over the ground to protect it from the heat of the sun or rain if it is being used as an indoor shelter.
People often think that Africans lived here before Europeans arrived, but this is not true. Tuguls were first developed by the Ethiopian Sidama people who live in the central region of Ethiopia. They use them for both indoor and outdoor living.
The Sidama believe that if you dream that you are inside a tugul, it means good luck and prosperity.
In conclusion, tuguls are houses built by the Ethiopians, well known for their beautiful wooden structures.
Addis Abeba takes pride in its museum agencies, money, and unique displays. The National Museum, the Museum of Addis Abeba on the history and present life of the city, the Museum of Ethiopia, and the Ethnographic Museum are all located in the Ethiopian capital. All together they offer an impressive glimpse into the past as well as a preview of what's to come.
The National Museum was established in 1955 under the leadership of Emperor Haile Selassie. It is currently divided into seven departments: Archaeology, Fine Arts, Natural History, Geography, Ethnography, Central Administration, and Libraries.
The museum has many collections including those of art, archaeology, and natural history. One of the most famous pieces in the museum's collection is "Lion of Judah", a stone carving dating back to about 600 B.C. that is said to be a replica of a sculpture found in Greece. It is now on display in the museum's new wing which opened in 2005.
There are also plans to open a museum dedicated to Ethiopia's famous singers and musicians. It is hoped that this will help promote both national and local culture.
Museums in Addis Ababa can be very expensive; the National Museum costs $10 for adults and $5 for children under 12. However, there are some free exhibitions that are usually held in the basement of the museum.
Siegfried Modola, a Reuters photographer, takes a peek inside the Ethiopian capital Addis Abeba and the city of Harar. Nearly 100 million people live in the East African country, which is filled with churches and mosques, coffee shops and markets. A broad picture of the nighttime city of Addis Abeba. The image shows that even at night time, many streets are not completely dark because of street lights or shop signs.
Life in Addis Abeba is very different from what you might expect of a Western city. The economy is based on trade, tourism and agriculture, with coffee, corn and wheat being the most important crops. The city has several parks and gardens, including the National Zoo, where more than 300 animals are kept by the government.
The scene in front of a restaurant in the evening market. There are lots of food stalls selling everything from fried chicken to stews and spicy salads.
A woman walks through the evening market with her baby on her back. There are many challenges for women in Ethiopia, including lack of access to education and health care. But there are also many positive things about living here, such as the family-oriented culture and the opportunity to learn new skills.
At the end of this report, we show you some photos taken by another Reuters photographer of Addis Abeba during the day.
Ethiopia's capital is Addis Ababa. The city has a population of around 3,384,569 people and a population density of 5,165.1 people per square kilometer. It is the most populous city in Ethiopia and the seventh most populous city in Africa.
The Oromo are the largest ethnic group in the country, with 50 percent of the total population. The Oromo predominantly live in eastern Ethiopia near the border with Kenya and south-eastern Nigeria. The Amharic are the second largest group with 35 percent of the total population. They are mainly found in central and western Ethiopia. The remaining 5 percent are made up of different tribes such as the Harari, who live in northern Ethiopia near the Eritrean border; the Somalie who live along the Gulf of Aden in southern Ethiopia; and others including the Yem, Nara, Zaghawa, Kambaata, Hadiya, and Silte.
Addis Ababa was selected as the new capital of Ethiopia when it gained its independence in 1991. It had been previously known as "Little Tokyo", because of its large Japanese community, but this name didn't become popular so the government decided to change it.
The economy of Ethiopia is based on agriculture and tourism. On average, each farmer grows enough food for two people but due to poverty many Ethiopians are starving to death.
Ethiopia-Housing The traditional thatched house (tukul) is still the most frequent form of housing in rural regions. It is believed that 89 percent of the population lives in deplorable conditions. Only 11 percent can afford better houses.
There are about 20 million cars in America, which makes it the world's largest car market by a wide margin. However, the number of vehicles on the road is growing much faster than the number of drivers, which means there are more cars per driver - about 1.6 cars per driver - and also higher rates of vehicle ownership.
The picture shows the percentage of households that own a car. In 1975, this was at its highest level since 1950 - about 69 percent. But over the next few years, it began to decline, hitting a low of 64 percent in 1980. Since then, it has started to rise again, and today stands at about 70 percent.
In order to reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere, some governments have introduced taxes on cars, with the aim of making them less attractive to buy.