Solid floors are far more substantial and necessitate the use of layers of ground sub-base, sand, compacted hard core, damp-proof membrane, insulation, and concrete in the ground. Suspended floors are typically constructed of two materials: wood joists or a concrete beam system. The floor is then finished with a wood coating or polyurethane.
The type of material used to construct the floor will determine how it is maintained and what types of repairs may be necessary. Wood floors should always be stained or painted to preserve their appearance and prevent mold growth. Existing stains can be brought up to date by applying a new coat of paint over the top. If there are any cracks or holes in the floor, these should be repaired before staining or painting. Floors that are going to have a permanent finish applied to them first require an underlayment layer to be installed to provide stability while the remaining surface is completed. This can be done directly over the existing flooring material or it can be done over a baseboard or rolled carpet to protect it during construction.
In general, solid floors are more expensive than suspended floors but they are also better at resisting damage from pets, children, and other accidents. If you want to minimize repair costs or make your floor more functional, a suspended floor might be the way to go. These are usually less expensive than their solid counterparts and can be easier to maintain in high-traffic areas.
The bottom surface of a room or vehicle is referred to as the floor. Floors are a common phrase for a building's levels, whereas "story" is a more formal term. Floors are normally made comprised of a subfloor for stability and a floor covering for a comfortable walking surface. Floors can be classified by type including carpeted floors, wood floors, and tile floors.
The word "floor" comes from the Old English word fyrd, which means "outcrop of rock used for paving streets." The first known use of the word as we know it today was in 1525. Before that time, the word ferth was used instead.
The earliest known use of the term building floor was in 1350. Before this time, the word loft was used instead.
The floor of a room is that part of the floor upon which people stand or sit. The space below a door or window is called a basement. The term comes from the French basse-cour, which means "low-lying field." Basements were originally natural spaces excavated for farming purposes.
The word attic is also coming from the French word attique, which means "high-lying field." Attics were originally storage rooms located above living areas in homes. They are so named because items placed there would be out of reach but visible from the ground floor.
The solid substance underlying your floor covering is known as the subfloor. It is joined to the floor joists in your home and serves as a foundation for your finished flooring, such as carpet, hardwood, laminate, tile, and so on. A subfloor is often composed of plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) panels. They provide support for the flooring materials you select and limit foot traffic over areas where children play.
The subfloor should be smooth, free of holes, and have no loose boards or items that could become projectiles in a fire. Holes in the floor may contain water which can cause wood rot if it is not removed. Items such as light switches, plumbing pipes, and air conditioner units should be located out of reach of children. Loose boards may allow for the entry of moisture and insects into your house. Regular inspection of the subfloor for damage, including checking for signs of rotting away from exposed to heat and sunlight, is recommended. If damaged spots are found, have them repaired by a professional flooring contractor before you install new flooring.
Floors are made up of layers called courses. The bottom course is made of compacted gravel, stone, or crushed brick. It provides traction and helps prevent flooding. The middle course is made of sand or asphalt. It provides cushioning and helps control temperature. The top course is made of grass, wood chips, or shredded paper. It adds comfort and aesthetics to your floor.
The surfaces to which floorcovering materials are applied are known as substrates or subfloors. They can be made of wood, concrete, plywood, stone, or metal, among other materials. The substrate must also be devoid of fissures that are large enough to allow light to pass through the flooring material. These fissures may come from previous repairs to the floor or may be present due to natural causes such as an earthquake. If the substrate is not stable, you may want to consider using a foundation underlayment first to provide stability.
The substrate should be cleaned thoroughly before applying a flooring product. This includes removing any stains or dirt and wiping down any oily surfaces. Any loose items such as screws or nails should be removed from the site before work begins.
There are two main types of substrates: horizontal and vertical. Horizontal substrates are those found in homes and commercial buildings. They can be made of wood, concrete, or steel. Wood substrates are available in several varieties including oak, maple, hickory, sycamore, and pine. Concrete substrates are usually color-graded by manufacturers; they often include black, grey, or white as options for the user to choose from. Steel substrates are used primarily in industrial settings and are available in a wide variety of colors including black, blue, red, yellow, and silver.
Vertical substrates are found in warehouses and other commercial settings.