While many Inuit constructed igloos, others constructed dwellings out of whale bones and animal hides and insulated them with snow. When snow is utilized as insulation for an igloo, it traps pockets of air within the igloo. These spaces allow heat to escape in the winter and prevent heat from escaping in the summer.
Inuit houses had no windows or doors. Instead, they used a system of holes called umiaq to let in light and air while keeping out cold and rain. Umiaq were made by cutting holes into the side of a wall or roof that faced away from the wind. The size of these holes was important; they had to be large enough for a person to enter but not so big that they allowed much light or air inside.
Umiaq were usually covered by a sheet of sewn leather or cloth. This provided additional warmth in the winter and protection from the elements in the summer.
Inside an Inuit house, walls were made of logs that were split down the middle and then dried in the sun or heated over a fire. They were then painted red or white to make them look nice on the outside and provide better visibility for hunters at night.
There were only two rooms in an Inuit house: a sleeping area and a cooking area.
During the frigid winter months, a big igloo may accommodate one or more families. During the summer, the same families were housed in tent-like structures. Today, the Inuit generally live in wooden dwellings. However, Inuit hunters who go far from their villages continue to construct igloo shelters.
In the Arctic, houses are usually made of ice and snow. They can be as large as 20 feet long and 6 feet wide. Although wood is used sometimes for cooking fires, it is mostly plastic bottles that serve this purpose. The bottle caps are often saved and used as containers for water or snow blocks.
In Greenland, there are almost no trees, but there are plenty of icebergs. These provide most of the building materials for homes. There are two ways to extract the ice: either by drilling holes in the iceberg and filling them with hot air to melt it from below or by using heavy equipment to crush the iceberg to obtain a clear sheet of ice.
In Alaska, buildings are usually made from metal found on site. Sometimes they use wood as a fuel source.
In conclusion, houses in the Arctic are usually made of ice and snow but they can also be made of wood or metal. They range in size from small tents to large settlements.
The Igloo was chosen as the best style of dwelling for the Inuit tribe, who resided in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland's Arctic areas. Because of the cold, severe environment and the desolate, treeless terrain of the Arctic tundra, igloos, or snow huts, were erected as shelters. These structures were easily built by either digging a hole in the ground and covering it with stones or wood, or using an ice wall technique that involved stacking large blocks of ice.
Iglu means "ice" in Innuit, and therefore, an igloo is a house made of ice. They are typically only habitable for a few months out of the year because heat is difficult to transport in such a cold environment. However, if you're a polar bear, that doesn't matter! You can stay in an igloo all winter long!
During the rest of the year, the Inuit lived in skin tents or log houses. There are different techniques for building tents or huts, but usually they are constructed from peeled and cut trees or logs that are then covered with earth or sand. The bark is then removed from the tree to make room for more grown trees.
In conclusion, the Igloo was chosen as the best style of dwelling for the Inuit because it was the best way to protect them from the harsh elements of the arctic climate.
They resided in the Arctic, where the weather is extremely cold and frosty. Even yet, it wasn't constantly cold, and there was summer. They also needed a heated shelter to endure the extreme cold of the Arctic winter. The Inuit utilized a type of shelter known as an igloo. An igloo is a round-shaped structure built of ice chunks and snow. There are two main methods used by the Inuit to make an igloo: either by freezing water into ice or by burning wood and then covering the fire with dirt or sand.
An igloo can be as small as a phone booth or as large as a stadium. Although most were modest in size, some enormous ones have been found in the world's frozen deserts!
Inside an igloo, there are three levels: the ground floor, the middle level and the roof. You go up one at a time using ladders made of ice. On each level, there is room for about four or five tents. A family would live on each level of the igloo.
Inuit clothing was made of skin or synthetic materials. Their footwear consisted of sealskin boots or snowshoes. No metal tools were used by the Inuit; instead, they made do with what they could find around them. For example, instead of cutting trees down for timber, they would strip the bark off the trunks and use that instead!
The Inuit lived a simple life.
In the winter, the Inuit lived in "igloos," which were spherical dwellings formed of snow blocks. When the snow melted in the summer, the Inuit lived in tent-like houses built of stretched animal skins over a frame. They also used the skin of dead animals as clothing and housing.
In the autumn, when the leaves fell from the trees, the Inuit went into the forest to hunt, trap, and gather food. They used their weapons to kill deer, caribou, and other animals for food and use as fuel. The Inuit also captured fish with either set-nets or spearfishing.
During the winter, the Inuit spent most of their time hunting, trapping, and fishing. They also cleaned and processed the animals they had killed to make them last longer. Finally, they used the oil extracted from various plants to keep themselves warm and to cook their food.
In addition to animals, the Inuit also collected wild berries and mushrooms that grew in the area. These foods provided important nutrients that helped the Inuit stay healthy even during the coldest months.
There is evidence that the Inuit once lived near where present-day Moscow was located, but they migrated south toward warmer climates due to increased violence caused by conflicts between different groups of Inuit.