A vault is a structural element in building construction that consists of an arrangement of arches, commonly forming a ceiling or roof. When two barrel vaults crossed at right angles, they produced a groin vault, which, when repeated in sequence, could span rectangular expanses of infinite length. The Romans were the first to use this type of structure for large-scale buildings such as theaters and arenas.
In architecture, a groined vault is a framework of intersecting ribs or posts from which spring transverse members called "transoms" or "trigues." The ribs may be curved or straight, but are most often cylindrical. They are placed close together with their open ends facing inward, so that the space within them is hollow and can be used for storage or as a viewing gallery. The truss design shown here can be used instead of individual ribs if desired. The word "vault" is also applied to similar structures without transverse support beams: a half-groined vault has its ribs set half way between floor and ceiling; a fully groined vault has its ribs all the way to the top or bottom. Half-groined vaults were common in ancient Rome where they were used for cisterns and other water-storage projects because they were easier to build than full-height vaults.
The earliest known use of the term "vault" in reference to a metal container dates back to 1421.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Vault The fundamental barrel shape, which originated in ancient Egypt and the Middle East, is essentially a continuous succession of arches deep enough to fill a three-dimensional space. A key feature of a true vault is its ability to span a large area while maintaining the appearance of solidity and security. In architecture, vaults are used to enclose rooms, galleries, or other spaces. They may be found in churches, mosques, synagogues, and other places of worship around the world. Vast chambers built as burial sites for rulers or their families are called necropants. In modern buildings, vaults are used in shopping malls, exhibition halls, etc.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
In architecture, a vault is a structure composed of intersecting beams or arches that cover a room or other interior space. Vaults can be flat or domed, but they usually have a ribbed or pointed profile. The word "vault" comes from the Latin vaultus, meaning "showing signs of life," which refers to the breathing of animals within the enclosure it defines. "Void" would be the appropriate term if these were dead spaces.
They are used instead of flat roofs to avoid the need for heavy equipment to lift the weight of a flat roof.
The word "vault" comes from the Latin vacca, meaning cow. This is because during medieval times, vaults were often built out of the remains of dead bodies, which were first buried and then dug up several years later. The bones were boiled in nitric acid to remove any remaining flesh, and the porous bone was then washed and dried before being carved into the shape of a cow's head or other animal features.
In architecture, a vault is a roof formed by beams resting on wall pillars or arches. The space enclosed by the beams is called the room or hall below. The word "vault" also can be used as a general term for any large open-sided structure, such as a tent or a windbreak. However, this usage is relatively rare.
There are three main types of vault structures: groin, trabeated, and pendent. Groin vaults have two arches that intersect at right angles, creating four quadrants.
Describe its constituent pieces and/or functions. A vault is an arched construction supported by a solid wall and four columns that springs from a cornice. Vaults expand ceiling area and provide a self-forming roof for a structure. They are used in large rooms where the cost of building a flat roof would be too high.
The word "vault" comes from Latin vultus, meaning face, which describes what is exposed when the door or window of a vault is removed. The word "vaissel" comes from Italian vasso, a bowl used for cooking beans. In medieval times, servants lived in caves or underground bunkers called vasernies. When a man earned enough money, he opened a doorway into another room, creating a vault where he could store his wealth.
Vaults are usually constructed out of brick or stone and can range in size from a few feet across to larger sizes used for warehouses and factories. The walls typically have several openings for doors and windows. There may be one entrance near the top of the vault for deliveries and employees, while the other ends are for storage. Vents may also be provided in the roof to allow smoke to escape if candles or other fuel are being burned inside.
People often think of vaults as hiding places for their valuables - gold coins, jewels, etc.
A barrel vault is a continuous arching structure that can be semi-circular in shape, suggesting the roof of a tunnel, or pointed at the apex. It is often made by a sequence of side-by-side arches or vaults or by a continuous shell. The word is also used for any similar structure.
Barrel vaults were popular in Europe from about A.D. 300 to 1000. They are found in many ancient churches built before the Gothic style came into use after 1100. They are also common in modern buildings that require heavy load-bearing capacity inside walls (such as banks and factories).
The English word "vault" comes from the French word "volet" which means lid or cover. In architecture, the term "vaulted space" refers to an enclosed area above ground level. This could be a room or space within a building or a passage way leading to another area or floor. Vaulted spaces provide protection from the elements and visibility. They may also contain furniture or other amenities for users.
Vaulted spaces come in two main types: open and closed-in. An open vaulted space has no supporting beams beneath its roof structure; instead, it uses joists or ribs to distribute weight across a large area. Closed-in spaces have transverse members below the roof surface called trusses or girders.