Many of the most well-known instances of New Urbanism are early greenfield developments, such as Seaside in Celebration, Florida, Harbor Town in Memphis, Tennessee, and Kentlands in the United Kingdom. New communities on greenfield areas are still being created; a recent example is New Town at St. Johns County, Florida.
Some old urban neighborhoods have been renovated with New Urbanist design principles in mind, such as The Briars in Richmond, Virginia, and Westwood Hills in San Jose, California.
New Urbanist planning principles have also been applied to large-scale development projects, such as CityPlace in downtown Louisville, Kentucky, and The Banks in Winnfield, Louisiana.
Finally, some New Urbanist buildings are historic renovations or new construction. Examples include The Donnell House in Savannah, Georgia, and Fairhaven District in Boston's South Bay area.
New Urbanism is a term used by many different people to describe different things. Here are just a few:
People who call themselves new urbanists seek to create living environments that take advantage of town centers, allow for easy walking distances between homes and shops, promote community involvement, and use sustainable practices. They may do this by developing land, designing neighborhoods, or building houses.
New urbanists believe that traditional suburban development creates isolation and lacks character.
New urbanism is a type of expansion that is intended to prevent urban development while still preserving nature and viable agriculture. This method of creating neighborhoods connects individuals, others, and companies. It promotes community involvement in the creation of new developments by having an impact on the environment, design, economics, and politics.
New urbanists believe that cities should not be seen as complete ecosystems, but rather as complex systems of interrelated elements, such as human beings and their needs. They aim to create sustainable communities that are sensitive to their environments while providing necessary services and amenities for their inhabitants. New urbanists focus on the importance of architecture, land use, transportation, ecology, and climate change in determining how cities develop.
New urbanist principles include: mixed-use districts with close-knit communities, pedestrian-friendly designs, preservation of open spaces, integration of parks and recreation facilities, development of mass transit, and efficient traffic patterns. These concepts have many different names including city planning, progressive urban renewal, sustainable redevelopment, placemaking, and walkable communities. Some new urbanists also refer to themselves as "smart growth" people or "locavores."
There are many different types of new urbanism projects around the world.
New Towns are a subset of cities, each with its unique set of traits and qualities. They have the same DNA: they are created from the ground up according to a master plan in a region where there was previously no city, and they have a high degree of political autonomy. While this model was popular in Europe during the 1960s and 1970s, it is making a comeback now.
Characteristics of New Towns include large green spaces, quality housing, good schools, and access to major roads. They are usually surrounded by open land or small farms, with the ability to expand their boundaries over time. Although not all new towns are planned out in detail before they are built, most have a general idea of what they want to become and how they will grow over time.
The creation of new towns is often linked to government policy regarding urbanization and migration, such as promoting affordable housing or providing jobs in remote areas. In some cases, existing cities may be transformed into new towns if enough space is available on the outskirts and there is demand for services like education and health care. However, many people prefer living in established cities because of their history and culture, so this option is rarely given serious consideration by planners.
The process of building new towns can be very stressful for everyone involved, since design decisions must be made quickly without much input from those who will live in them.
What exactly is a "new town"? New towns are cities or towns that are developed from the ground up in a short period of time. Professionals design them according to a master plan on a place where there was previously no city. This separates a new town from a "regular" metropolis that grows and evolves gradually over time.
They are commonly built around a central business district with housing developments surrounding it. The idea is that employees of nearby companies can live close by, which makes commuting easier and more affordable. New towns are designed to be compact and walkable, with shops and restaurants located along main streets. They may have a public transportation system, such as buses or light rail, which helps commuters get around the new town easily.
Some large corporations have created new communities for their employees. These usually consist of residential neighborhoods with shopping centers and offices near public transportation stops. Some new towns have a small population so they hire private contractors to build them up. This is common for areas that host major sports events like Olympics or World Championships because they need lots of construction workers to help build all the facilities needed for these events.
There are also new towns built by non-profit organizations or government agencies. College campuses are good examples of this type of new community. So are military bases that are closed down or prisons that are re-purposed after being used as detention centers.
Finally, some old towns have been renovated into new towns.