Swiss chalet design. The Swiss chalet style (German: Schweizerstil, Norwegian: Sveitserstil) is a Late Historicist architectural style influenced by rural chalets in Switzerland and Central Europe's Alpine (mountainous) areas. It was popular among immigrants to the United States who wanted to live in a house that would not be considered "big" or "grand". The style is also referred to as Alpenstil ("Alpine style") because of its similarities to buildings found in alpine regions.
Swiss cottage style. The Swiss cottage is a type of small dwelling built primarily for workers seeking affordable housing near their places of employment. They are often one-or two-story structures with gabled roofs, clapboard siding, and often include a front porch. The cottages provide simple, inexpensive living accommodations, which allow working-class families to save money for more important things like food and clothing.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines a Swiss cottage as "a small, inexpensive house built in an alpine village for tourists." While this definition makes reference to Switzerland, it is applicable to other countries where similar dwellings can be found such as Canada and Austria.
In Switzerland, these types of homes are commonly found in villages located near major cities such as Zurich, Bern, Geneva, and Lausanne.
CHALET. A Swiss house with a slanted roof and wide eaves, or a home constructed in this manner.
The word chalet originates from the Germanic term for shelter, which in turn comes from the Latin casa "house" + legere "to place". In Switzerland, a chalet can be either wood or stone built. The Germans introduced the construction technique to their colonies in the Americas. There, it was known as Alpenhaus, which means "alpine house".
Swiss chalets have been popular since they were first built around 1800. Over time, builders improved on the design by adding windows and doors, changing the shape of the roofs, and building larger houses. By the late 19th century, large cities like Zurich and Bern had developed with skyscrapers, while smaller towns and villages kept building chalets in their center. Today, you can find modern versions of the chalet spread throughout Switzerland, especially in the Valais and Jura regions where there are many ski resorts.
The typical Swiss chalet has several rooms on the ground floor, with the living room opening onto a small garden or parking lot.
A chalet (pronounced /'SaeleI/ in British English; frequently /Sae'leI/ in American English) is a type of structure or dwelling typical of Europe's Alpine area. It has been described as "the archetype of the mountain hut." Although originally built to provide shelter for shepherds, hunters and their dogs, today they are most often used by tourists as holiday accommodation.
The Chalet comes in two main varieties: the Alpenchalet and the Savoyard Châlet. The Alpenchalet is found in the German-speaking parts of Switzerland, while the Savoyard Châlet can be found in France or Italy. They are generally simple, whitewashed buildings with steeply pitched roofs, small windows and a large central door which opens onto a well-lit interior. Each room usually contains only one bed, though some larger hotels may have multiple-bed rooms by dividing them into separate chambers with separate doors.
Alpine huts were originally built by farmers who moved to the mountains for the summer months. They typically consist of one large room with a kitchenette located behind a counter where food was prepared for consumption inside or taken out to eat in town. Today, many alpine huts have turned into small hotels due to increased tourism in the Alps.
A chalet is a type of timber dwelling found in Switzerland, the Bavarian Alps, Tirol, and the French Alps. The word initially applied to a sheepherder's hut and, subsequently, to any modest mountain cottage. Today, "chalet" is used more broadly to describe any small house built for seasonal occupation on a farm or similar property.
They are usually constructed from wood, with stone or brick used for foundations and other heavier materials such as concrete for buildings with more structure. Although many chalets have wooden frames and roofs covered with tiles or shingles, some have metal framing and glass or plastic roofing material. Chalets can be one room or several rooms with separate entrances, but they are generally not inhabited year-round because there would be no need for heating or cooling if the weather was consistent throughout the year.
In German-speaking countries, the word "Chalet" is also used for a small hotel or guesthouse. These may use traditional chalet architecture or more modern designs; however, they all include at least four rooms with beds and bathrooms for rent.
The term "chalet cuisine" is used for meals served in small dishes without courses. This is typical of rural France and parts of Switzerland where cooking is done mainly over an open fire or oven rather than by using electric heaters or microwaves.
In Bavaria, as in most of Europe, architectural styles such as Baroque, Rococo, Classic, Neoclassic, and Roman may be found. The regional variety of the farmhouse is the sole architectural type specific to Bavaria. This type is incorrectly referred to as a chalet. The Bauernhaus is its German name. It was built by farmers who had settled in the Alps after being expelled from France after the French Revolution. They built these houses with the help of local builders using simple techniques and materials available to them. The houses have steeply sloping roofs covered in shingles or tiles. The walls are made of stone or wood, depending on the location, but always include a mixture of the two materials. The doors and windows are usually very plain, just a frame for glass if any kind of insulation is used. The only exception is the Schloss (palace) which often has more elaborate designs.
The Bauernhaus became popular throughout Germany with the coming of the railway system because it was cheap to build and easy to maintain. These houses were also used by rich merchants and professionals as well as farmers. They typically have two floors with an attic room above. Sometimes there's even a third floor with small rooms that could be used as storage or as bedrooms. There are also sometimes additions built onto the house over time; these can be used as more storage or as more rooms.
One of these additions is called the Heckenbühel (or "hillside" in English).
Roof surfaces are covered with huge wood shingles or slate or stone slabs; in areas prone to severe weather, boards weighted with stones are sometimes set over the roof covering to avoid damage from powerful gales. The chalet is oriented toward the square in plan. The kitchen opens onto it, and there are no internal walls between the dining room and living room. A small bedroom is at one end of the house.
These types of roofs are called "drake" or "shingle" roofs because they are made of thin sheets of metal or wood that are shaped into plates and then joined together with nails or screws. The joints are covered by the same material as the rest of the roof to provide a smooth surface without any holes where water can collect.
The first buildings in Switzerland were mainly made of logs or stone. Over time, builders began using iron for its durability and versatility. The first steels used for building materials were bright steel (also called "architectural steel") which is easy to work with but not as strong as other metals. In the 1890s, engineers started making stronger versions of bright steel called "heavy duty" or "trade standard" steel. These are the types of materials used today for construction projects all over the world.
Heavy duty steels are very durable and can also be cut easily with power tools.