Mughal architecture is characterized by big bulbous domes, thin minarets at the corners, massive halls, large arched doorways, and delicate decoration. Modern-day India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan are examples of the style. The Mughals were Turkish immigrants who became the rulers of most of the Indian subcontinent.
The architectural style of the Mughals was based on Persian models but also incorporated Indian styles. It is during this time that some of the earliest examples of hybrid architecture in South Asia can be found. For example, the Red Fort in Delhi has elements of several different cultures in its design including Moghul, British, and Indian.
The style evolved over time under various rulers. The first major contribution to Mughal architecture came from Shah Jahan (1592-1666), who was married to the daughter of the great builder Ibrahim Lodi. Under Jahan's direction, the building activity in India was organized into departments with specialists involved in every aspect of construction. The buildings they designed include small pavilions, villas, mosques, forts, and tomb monuments.
As the Mughals grew older and more religious, their focus changed from worldly affairs to seeking spiritual fulfillment through worship. As a result, Mughal architecture developed in the shape of big congregational mosques where the entire community would come together to pray.
Mughal architecture combines Indian, Persian, and Islamic themes. Large bulbous onion domes, frequently flanked by four smaller domes, are prominent elements of many structures. White marble and red sandstone are used. The most important innovation was the introduction of the air conditioner.
During the Mughal period, many buildings were constructed all over India. The Mughals believed that good health was vital to good government. So they built hospitals, mosques, temples, and colleges where medicine men, religious teachers, and scholars could improve the quality of life for their people. These buildings are interesting examples of Mughal architecture.
The Mughals were great builders and architects who introduced many new building techniques including the use of concrete and steel frames. However, because they weren't interested in politics or crime prevention, there was no need for them to build very strong buildings. So most of the existing Mughal structures collapsed under their own weight or when an earthquake hit India around 1850.
After the Mughals, British colonial officials played an important role in preserving old buildings and using some of the ideas from the Mughals in their own designs.
Mughal architecture is a distinct Indo-Islamic architectural style that emerged in northern and central India from the 16th to the 18th centuries under the patronage of Mughal monarchs. It's a stunningly symmetrical and beautiful mash-up of Persian, Turkish, and Indian architecture. The style is characterized by large halls with dome ceilings, intricate marble work, and precious stone carving.
During the Mughal period, the building activity in India was at its peak with many new structures being constructed all over the country. The Mughals were great patrons of art and literature and some of the best artists of the time were given charge of designing buildings for them. The resulting eclectic style is unique to India.
There are several monuments which have been preserved over time in their original form including the Red Fort in Delhi, the Jama Masjid in Delhi, and the Qutb Minar in Delhi. But most of the other structures are now ruins due to lack of maintenance or destruction during the British rule (1660-1858).
The word "Mughal" comes from the Mongolian word Muga, which means "great" or "grand". Thus, Mughal architecture is great architecture made by Mughals. Although the Mughals were descendants of Genghis Khan, they developed their own unique style that combined elements from various cultures such as Persia, Turkey, and India.
The Mughal palaces varied in layout, but they share some architectural elements, such as balconies supported by carved brackets, pillared kiosks capped by domes, arcades of sunk arches, foliated arches, latticed screens, curved Bengal roofs, and flat domes rising...
The most important feature that distinguishes Mughal architecture from other Islamic styles is its use of non-Muslim craftsmen. The most important of these was the Indian who worked in the Mughals' forts as well as their own homes. He designed and built many of the structures used by the Mughals, including mosques, mausoleums, tombs, and bridges.
Other contributors included Arabs who worked in the Mughal court as well as Indians trained in their workshops. They created objects such as furniture, textiles, and ceramics that were often inlaid with precious stones such as emeralds and diamonds.
Finally, there are Chinese architects who worked on several Mughal projects during the early years of the dynasty. Their work included gardens, fountains, and pavilions attached to houses for entertaining guests.
After the Mughals, India's new British rulers continued to use products designed by the Mughals. One example is the use of Mughal latticework for interior doors and windows.