A least M20 grade of concrete is employed in reinforced concrete construction. Calculate the cement, sand, and aggregate with a 0.5 water ratio for one cubic meter of the following concrete grades: M10, M15, M20, M25, and M30. 1.54 DRY VOLUME FOR ONE CUBIC METER OF CONCRETE
The results indicate that the dry volume decreases as the grade increases. The minimum required dry volume per cubic meter for each grade is as follows: M10 = 0.81 m3, M15 = 0.69 m3, M20 = 0.59 m3, M25 = 0.49 m3, and M30 = 0.41 m3.
Concrete grading is used to specify the required strength of concrete for a given application. The standard method for determining concrete strength is by using a cone penetrometer test, which is described in more detail below. Concrete strength determines many characteristics of a structure containing concrete, such as its ability to withstand loadings over time. For example, a strong concrete floor can be used to support heavy machinery or vehicles while a weak concrete floor would not be able to support such loads.
Structural rebar is used in reinforced concrete structures to provide structural reinforcement. The two main types of structural rebar are straight bars and angles. Straight bars are used when uniform tension forces will be applied to the bar at regular intervals.
Concrete Preparation According to the codebook, the proportions of M20 grade concrete are 1:1.5:3.
The many forms of concrete and their applications
|Concrete Grade||Mix Ratio (cement : sand : aggregates)||Compressive Strength|
|M5||1 : 5 : 10||725 psi|
|M7.5||1 : 4 : 8||1087 psi|
|M10||1 : 3 : 6||1450 psi|
|M15||1 : 2 : 4||2175 psi|
The M20 grade has a mix percentage of 1:1.5:3. M20 denotes the concrete mix standard. M denotes the mix percentage, and 20 is the typical compressive strength of concrete after 28 days. The cube is 150 mm in dimension and is used for testing. The minimum requirement is 6 mixtures per batch.
The M20 grade concrete should be mixed in accordance with the requirements given below to obtain good-quality concrete:
For internal purposes - 300 kg/m3
For external purposes - 450-500 kg/m3
The required water-cement ratio is 0.4-0.5. If this ratio is less than 0.4, then there will be a shortage of cement, and if more than 0.5, then there will be an excess of cement. Therefore, it is recommended that the required water-cement ratio be within this range.
To calculate the amount of cement required, multiply the desired final density by 0.6. For example, if the desired final density is 2000 kg/m3, then you would need 60 kg of cement.
Mix the cement with water in a mixer to form a paste.
Cement: Sand: Aggregate Mix Design (M) = Cement: Sand: Aggregate. Concrete grades are also designated as C16/20, C20/25, C25/30, and so on, which stands for Concrete Strength Class (C). The value behind C denotes the compressive strength of concrete measured in N/mm 2 with a cylinder or cube. For example, a grade 20 concrete has a compressive strength of 200 N/mm 2.
The M-grade mix design is the most common mix design used by contractors because it's easy to calculate the amount of cement, sand, and aggregate needed. However, there are other mix designs available that may provide better performance under specific conditions. For example, if you want your concrete to be water resistant, then adding additional resin would be required. If you want your concrete to have a white color instead of a grey color, then using more fine aggregates would be necessary. In addition, depending on your project requirements, other additives such as fly ash, slag, superplasticizers, and accelerators could be added to the mixture.
Concrete mix designs are based on four main factors: air entrainment, workability, placement efficiency, and durability. Air entrainment is the percentage of voids within the concrete that allow oxygen to reach the cement paste. This factor affects the initial setting time of the concrete and also impacts its overall strength.
Table of concrete mix ratios
|Grades of Concrete||Ratios of Concrete mix design (Cement:Sand:Aggregate)|
Ready Mix Concrete, Cubic Meter, Rs 3400/cubic meter, Grade Standard: M10 to M50.
The price of ready mix concrete depends on the type and quality of concrete you get. The more expensive the concrete, the higher the quality. It is important to look at several factors when choosing a ready mix concrete supplier. Price should be only one of those factors considered.
Concrete prices vary depending on the type of cement used. Ordinary portland cement prices range from $450 to $600 per ton. High-quality cements can cost up to $1000 or more per ton.
The weight of a cubic meter of concrete ranges from 9 to 12 kg. This makes the cost of 1 m3 of concrete ranging from Rs 18,000 to 24,000. However, as mentioned earlier, the price of ready mix concrete depends on several other factors such as size of aggregate, type of cement, etc. So, the actual cost of concrete could be lower or higher than what we have estimated here.
Concrete is a form of building material that is made by mixing water with cement and aggregates (such as sand and gravel) and then pouring or pumping this mixture into a mold.