The structure stands 24 meters (79 feet) tall, with an extra 6 meters (20 feet) for the temple at the top. The square base is 55.3 m (181 ft) wide. There are more than 1000 blocks in the structure.
El Castillo was built as a religious monument by the Aztecs. They called it "the sacred tower" and used it to watch over their empire. Today, it is one of Mexico's most important archaeological sites.
El Castillo was built between 1487 and 1522. It started out as just one building but later on they added more and more floors. The final version had eight floors plus the ground floor which served as a temple.
The project took about 10 years to complete. Many people died while working on the project so you can imagine how dangerous it must have been to build such a thing back then!
Today, only parts of the original structure remain because over time elements were taken away to be used in other buildings or destroyed. In fact, most of what you see today is from the 19th century when the site was first visited by Europeans. At that time, many pieces were taken away by priests who wanted to sell them. Only now are we starting to find out where they went.
The shrine is 31.9 by 12.1 metres (105 by 40 feet) in size, with a maximum height of 8.9 metres (29 feet) omitting the roof comb. The shrine's external walls are vertical, in contrast to the remainder of the pyramid. The temple's interior has been badly destroyed but probably included many large stone tables for performing rituals.
Three of the Tikal pyramids were probably used for ceremonial purposes while one was probably designed as a royal tomb. The three ceremonial pyramids are called "shrine temples" because they were probably used to house sacred objects that would have been displayed during ritual activities. They are larger than most other Maya pyramids and one of them (the Temple of the Inscriptions) is even larger than the main pyramid at Tikal. The largest ceremonial pyramid is about 35% taller than the main pyramid at Tikal.
The main reason why the Shrine of the Copings is so important is that it contains the only known image of its kind from the Mayan world. This drawing (now in the British Museum) shows a god dressed in a jaguar skin holding a human head in his arms. Below the skin image can be seen the mark of blood from where the jaguar's heart had been removed. This gruesome picture may have been used during ritual practices to ask the gods to forgive humanity for any wrongdoings.
The Great Temple is 98 feet (30 metres) tall and 115 feet (35 metres) long, with four sitting colossi flanking the entrance, two on each side, each showing Ramesses II on his throne and measuring 65 feet (20 metres) tall. The temple is in good condition except for some wear and tear from visitors.
The structure was built as a tribute to the Egyptian god Ra, who was known by many names including Ramesses. The original name of the city where it stands today is "Imuwa", which means "the place of Ra".
Abu Simbel is located in the North Western Frontier District of Egypt, about 90 miles (145 km) north of Cairo. The area was once inhabited by members of the ancient Nubian tribe called "Wenyan". They were conquered by the Egyptians in the 15th century BC and made into subjects rather than slaves. However, the influence of their culture can be seen in many aspects of daily life within Egypt today.
The district is famous for its limestone mountains, desert scenery, and traditional Nubian villages with their beautiful mud-brick homes. It also has several well-known archaeological sites such as Edfu, Kom Ombo, and Philae.
In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the first of King Tut's treasures in a royal tomb at Amarna.
It is supported by a 95.16m marble foundation. Each minaret stands 43 meters tall. The dome has a diameter of 17.70m and an arc height of 24.4m. At its maximum, the roof weighs about 7,700 tons.
The foundation of the Taj Mahal is made up of 497 blocks of various sizes. The largest block weighes 14 tons and measures 2.5 feet by 2.5 feet by 2.5 feet (0.76 m by 0.76 m by 0.76 m). It takes 18 men more than an hour to move this block.
The overall volume of the foundation is 20,270 cubic meters (853 ft3). This includes the space inside the foundation walls that serves as storage for building materials.
This number should be compared with the total volume of the structure, which is 152,440 m3 (5,413 ft3). So, the foundation accounts for almost half of the structure's volume!
Furthermore, the weight of the foundation is 4.6 million kg (10 million lb), which is equivalent to about 44 adult males.
Finally, the circumference of the foundation at its base is 180 meters (190 yards).
The structure measures 101.34 feet (30.89 metres) broad and 228.14 feet (69.54 metres) long as measured from the top step of the foundation. Athens' Parthenon. Photo by Andrew F. Smith.
The temple's exterior walls were 459 feet (140 meters) tall and it had a floor space of approximately 9,000 square feet (860 m²). The cella, or inner room, was about 18 feet (5.5 meters) high and 24 feet wide (7.3 meters wide), while the entrance hall was 30 feet (9.1 meters) wide and the overall size of the building was 90 feet (27.4 meters) by 120 feet (36.6 meters).
The Parthenon is an ancient Greek temple built in the 5th century BC on the highest point of the Acropolis in Athens. It was originally constructed of marble but has been destroyed by fire and rebuilt several times over time. The current version is a reconstruction designed by American architect John Russell Pope and completed in 1780. It has become one of the best-known examples of neoclassical architecture in the world.
The word "Parthenon" is derived from the name of the goddess Athena, who was said to have participated in the construction of the temple.
The La Danta temple is 72 meters (236 feet) tall from the forest floor and is one of the world's tallest pyramids, with a total volume of 2,800,000 cubic meters. It contains many sacred items that are kept in a sanctuary at the top of the pyramid.
The base of the pyramid is 70 meters by 70 meters (230 feet by 230 feet). It consists of two levels of large stone blocks without any mortar between them. The upper level has eight enormous statues of deities carved out of single blocks of rock; each statue is over 6 meters (20 feet) high. On top of these statues is a third level with more than 300 smaller stones called acates. These are the little pieces of rock that make up most of the surface area of the pyramid.
There are several theories about why ancient people built the pyramid. Some believe it was used as a look-out tower for enemy attacks, while others think it was constructed as a religious monument. No one knows for sure how the priests of La Danta lived or what they did there, but we do know they took great care in choosing the right site for the pyramid. The area around it was probably decorated with large rocks to make an impression on anyone who might have been watching.
People have been building pyramids for thousands of years.