The exact proportions of the Globe are unknown, but scientific research over the previous two centuries has been able to calculate its form and size. According to the evidence, it was a three-story, open-air amphitheatre with a circumference of 97–102 feet (29.6–31.1 meters) that could hold up to 3,000 people. The yardstick used by the researchers was also the height of an average man at the time.
It was built in 1599 as a theater in London for the public performance of plays. It was the largest such structure in Europe. The construction site was near St. Paul's Cathedral, and the company that constructed it was called the "Globe Theatre." Like many other theaters of its time, the Globe had tiered seating arranged in circles around a central playing area. Tickets were expensive ($5-$10) and only available from specific vendors who would travel around the city selling them. People came from far and wide to see Shakespeare's works performed here.
The Globe is important because it shows that European theater professionals were interested in performing foreign scripts as early as 1599. Before then, actors would translate parts of foreign plays into English for local audiences, but no one else had attempted anything like this before. The fact that so many people came to watch these plays performed in their original languages indicates how popular they were.
Another reason the Globe is significant is because it laid out many basic principles of modern architecture.
11 m Heights/The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London, England. It was built in 1599 and destroyed by fire in 1613. The present building is the third to stand on the site. It was constructed by James Burbage after his father's death, and opened in 1614. The interior featured galleries around three sides of the auditorium, with about 1500 seats.
It is estimated that when you add up the capacity of all the theatres in London at the time, it would not have exceeded 10,000 people. So the fact that Shakespeare and his colleagues were able to fill the Globe Theatre shows just how popular they were at the time. The theatre closed in 1642 during the English Civil War. It was then dismantled stone by stone and used for rubble to rebuild other parts of London.
People often wonder why the theatre had wood instead of brick or stone. The answer is that this allowed it to be easily burned down and rebuilt. The first Globe was built entirely of wood, which meant that if it were ever to burn down, there would be nothing left behind other than some ashes.
Many globes have a circumference of one metre and are 1:40 million size representations of the Earth. Many globes are created in imperial units, with a diameter of one foot (approximately 30 cm), a circumference of 3.14 feet (about 96 cm), and a scale of 1:42 million. Other sizes are also sold, such as 1:63 million for a two-metre circle.
The first globe was probably a terrestrial globe, which shows the relative positions of land masses on our own planet. Such a globe would be very useful for planning journeys by sea or by land, especially over long distances. The term "terrestrial globe" comes from the fact that it shows us what is happening on earth itself rather than in outer space.
In addition to showing the relative positions of land masses, a terrestrial globe also shows the relative depths of oceans and lakes. This type of globe is called an oceanic globe because it shows us what is going on under water as well as what is happening on land.
The first recorded illustration of a globe is found in A General History of the World, by the English historian Edward Gibbon. He described how in 1557 Gerard Mercator produced a world map based on these illustrations.
The Globe was created in 1599 using reclaimed theatre timbers. It was on Bankside, next to the Rose. It was a three-tiered open-air amphitheatre with a covered stage and a thatched canopy. The Globe was owned and run by a syndicate of the Lord Chamberlain's Men's finest players. They hired William Shakespeare to write all the drama which was performed by them at the Globe.
The Rose was built in 1587 by Richard Grenville as a pleasure garden attached to his mansion. In 1606, Thomas Wotton wrote that the Rose "is a little court with galleries round about it, where noblemen and others resort to hear music or to see dancing." The term "Rose" came to also mean any place of entertainment, especially a public house. Today the Rose still stands near the Globe on Southwark Street.
In 1608 the Globe burned down. It was rebuilt within a year by John Shakeshaft but this too burnt down several months later. After this third destruction, the actor who played Hamlet sold wine from a cart on the south side of the river opposite the Globe until 1615, when the fourth and last Globe was built by Christopher Wren. This final Globe lasted until it was destroyed by fire in 1731. There are no records of any play being performed after this blaze, so we can assume that there was no further need for an outdoor theatre.
Shakespeare's Globe, a contemporary reproduction of the Globe, opened in 1997, around 750 feet (230 m) from the original theatre. The Globe Theatre: The present Gielgud Theatre was known as the "Globe Theatre" until 1994, when it was renamed (in honor of John Gielgud).
The theatre is open to the sky, as was the original Globe, and features a thrust stage that extends into a wide circular yard encircled by three tiers of steeply raked seats. Two timber frame buildings set back from the street wall contain dressing rooms and other facilities.
The first Globe was built in 1599 and destroyed by fire two years later. The current Globe was constructed between 1606 and 1608 and is the only surviving theater of its kind in London. It is now a museum devoted to the history of theater in London.
Thrust stages are common in English theatres because they allow for easy construction of sets which cannot be lifted onto the main floor of the theater house during performance. They require a large amount of space behind the action on the stage, so less scenery can be used than in other types of theaters. A corridor or cross-stage (if there is no door at the front of the theater) connects the backstage area with the scene change area at the rear of the stage.
There are various ways to light a theater, but usually there is some sort of grid system used to distribute lights throughout the building. The actual type of lighting used depends on the style of theater. For example, a Renaissance theater would use gas lamps, while early modern theaters would use candles or oil lamps.