The Great Pyramid is the biggest of the three, with an average length of each side at the base of 755.75 feet (230 metres) and an initial height of 481.4 feet (147 metres). The pyramid is taller than the Washington Monument and just under half as wide.
The Great Pyramid was built by King Khufu between 2580 and 2506 B.C. It is said that he ordered the construction of the pyramid to celebrate his victory over the army of the First Dynasty president Shishak. However, recent studies have shown that this explanation is not true; Khufu probably wanted to build a monument to himself to justify his rule over Egypt.
In addition to being a huge structure on its own, the Great Pyramid has had a significant impact on modern architecture. The shape of the pyramid is such that it creates a strong wind on its upper floors which can be used to generate power. In fact, the pyramid site now houses two large solar panels that generate 24-hour electricity for the city of Cairo.
There are several theories about how the Egyptians managed to transport the huge blocks of stone all around the kingdom to use them as building materials. Some experts believe they were moved using ropes and pulleys powered by water wheels. Others think that the stones were brought in boats across the Red Sea.
Size. The Great Pyramid, the tallest of the three, was erected by Pharaoh Khufu and is 146 meters (481 feet) tall with a base length of more than 230 meters (750 feet) on each side. It is the largest single stone building in world history.
Largest structure on earth. With its 79 m (259 ft) wide steps, the Great Pyramid is also the largest man-made structure on earth. It weighs about 2 million tons, or 1.8 billion pounds, and is made up of approximately 2.5 million stones of varying sizes. It took nearly 20 years to build the pyramid.
Largest royal tomb. The Great Pyramid was not only used for ceremonial purposes but also as a royal tomb. When it was completed, King Khufu was laid to rest inside along with his entire family except for one daughter who had died before him. The other two kings are also buried there as well as many other pharaohs' relatives.
An Egyptian myth says that if you walk around the pyramid three times, then it will lead you to the afterlife. This means that someone who built the pyramid believed that it helped bring life after death.
The second pyramid, that of Pharaoh Cheops, is 135 meters (443 feet) tall and the third pyramid, that of Pharaoh Snefru, is 118 meters (387 feet) tall.
All this was built about 4500 years ago in Egypt.
The word "pharaoh" is derived from a language spoken in northern Africa before the Latin language. The Egyptians called themselves "the people of the house of Osiris" or simply "the Osirians." The Greek historians called Khufu "Chephren" and Cheops "Mycerinus." Today these names are used to identify two different pharaohs from the 19th dynasty: King Khufu and his son King Chephren.
Pharaohs were important leaders during ancient times. They made laws and led their countries during their reigns. Some examples of ancient pharaohs include Menkaure, Khafre, Khephren, and Chephren.
In Egypt, the king was considered a god after he died.
Khufu, Pharaoh The Great Pyramid, the tallest of the three, was erected by Pharaoh Khufu and is 146 meters (481 feet) tall with a base length of more than 230 meters (750 feet) on each side. It is located near Chephren, close to the modern city of Giza in Egypt.
The second pyramid is King Sneferu's. It is smaller than Khufu's but still very impressive with its 128 meters (420 feet) height.
These are the only two pyramids in Egypt that are still standing today. However, there were many more at one time; for example, Khafre's pyramid is also still standing but it is no longer used for burial purposes.
Almost all of them have been destroyed over time due to natural causes (earthquakes being the most common reason).
However, some remain because they're used for other purposes. For example, Giza Military Base is made up of four large pyramids (three are still intact) that are used as gun towers or storage facilities. Also, the tomb of Queen Nefertiti is inside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (which is not a pyramid but a limestone rock formation covered with sand painted white during ancient times).
62.25 meters The pyramid was originally 62.5 metres (205 feet) tall, with a base measuring 109 m × 121 m (358 ft x 397 ft) and coated in polished white limestone. It would have been much taller if not for an earthquake in AD 226 that damaged parts of the structure.
The pyramid was built as a tomb for King Zoser, who was also known as Userkaf or Usirkef. His reign lasted from 2613 to 2589 BC. He was one of the last kings of the third dynasty of Egypt's Old Kingdom period.
Userkaf was probably born into slavery but became king by killing his master. Although this was common practice at the time, it is believed that Userkaf had special training as a young man before he became king. His subjects called him "the perfect king."
During his lifetime, Userkaf governed well and developed trade routes with faraway countries. His most famous project was the building of the Step Pyramid at Saqqara. There are other step pyramids built during this time, but none has been found to be as large or impressive as Userkaf's.
His death left his country in chaos. No royal family emerged to take over, so the nobility began fighting each other for power.