Houses in rural areas are built to satisfy the practical requirements of the household. A typical home comprises two or three rooms, a small open space used as a kitchen, and a court yard in front. In addition to the front and back courtyards, some large residences incorporate a center courtyard. The walls around the house are made of brick or stone. The roof is usually flat, but it can be sloped toward the center of the house.
There are generally fewer windows in a rural house than in one built in a town or city. Each window is typically about one foot by two feet, although larger ones are not unknown. Most have wooden sills and lintels, but some very rich people had their houses built with marble for this purpose.
The doors are usually made of wood, with several inches of thick solid wood on either side. They usually have five or six locks and one or two keys. Some have smaller doors for their animals too! All the furniture inside the house is made of wood: tables, chairs, beds etc. There are sometimes bricks or stones used instead but they are usually just used for the flooring.
Rural housing does not include institutions such as prisons, asylums, and hospitals. These structures are usually built from wood or steel and contain between 24 and 48 inmates.
In conclusion, rural housing needs to be functional and affordable.
VII. Rural housing has substantial recurrent expenditures (maintenance) that the poor cannot pay. VIII. Rural dwellings are incapable of offering protection against natural disasters such as floods and cyclones. The poor build their homes near fast-moving streams or rivers, which can lead to damage due to flooding or sedimentation from development activities.
Rural people lack access to electricity and thus have no means of improving their living conditions through technology. X. Rural areas lack employment opportunities because most industries prefer to operate in large cities where there is a higher demand for their products.
Most rural households depend on farming as their only source of income, which makes them vulnerable to changes in market prices. XII. Many rural families cannot afford to move to towns and cities because they need to keep the land for food production in order to survive.
It should be noted that many of these problems are common to urban and peri-urban areas.
The main difference between rural and urban areas is the degree to which they face these problems. In general, rural areas tend to face more problems than urban ones. This is because there are fewer resources available in rural areas that could help solve some of these issues. For example, there are often not enough public facilities such as schools and hospitals in rural areas.
The rural poor live in huts and government-supplied "houses" with floor areas of no more than 150-200 square feet. Huts are typically built from mud blocks, with thatched roofs and floors coated with a disinfecting mud and cow-dung paste. They can be fixed up or fixed down; that is, they can be constructed out of wood or made from bamboo and thatch.
Houses are generally made from concrete, have tin roofs, and have two rooms: a living room and a kitchen. A bathroom usually includes a toilet, but this is not always the case.
There are three main types of housing for the rural poor: 1 hutments - these are the smallest type of house, with floor areas of less than 200 square feet (19 m2). Most hutments are built of wood or bamboo with thatched roofs but some are made of cement or brick. The walls may be solid or composed of panels which can be opened from inside to allow air flow during hot seasons or when insects invade the house.
Hutments are usually placed in clusters of between 5 and 20 houses with common boundaries defined by low walling. There is usually a public area outside the cluster boundary where people can gather, such as a garden or open field.
Rural habitation is defined as living in a county with no municipalities of 10,000 or more people. Two independent variables will be utilized to assess the relative impacts of early residency and present residence. Rural residence status will be indicated by a value of 1 for those individuals still living in rural counties and 0 for those who have moved to urban areas.
Individuals will be classified as rurals if they have lived in a rural area before moving to an urban area. Those who move from an urban area to another urban area or a small town are not considered rurals, even if they have never lived outside of these areas. It should be noted that because this variable indicates previous residency, all individuals will be treated equally whether they have always lived in a rural area or not.
Those who remain in a rural area but live in a town with fewer than 500 people are not considered rurals, although they may have formerly done so. For example, an individual who lives in a small town and works in a city 50 miles away would not be considered a rural resident despite having previously lived in a rural area. They would only be considered a rural resident if they had moved to the small town to take up work there.
Those who move to large metropolitan areas are also not considered rurals, even if they have previously lived in rural areas.