The castle is divided into two halves. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep on it. A keep is a type of defensive tower. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard secured by a ditch and a palisade, which is a wooden stake wall. The term "motte and bailey" comes from the English word "bailey," which is where we get the word "barrier." The motte and bailey was used as a first line of defense against attack.
Other names for this style of castle include island castle, ring fortress, and eagle's nest. The motte and bailey design provided defenders with complete cover from enemy fire while giving them good views of their surroundings. It was also easy to defend — there were only two ways in: through the gate in the outer wall or over the moat. If an attacker tried to scale the walls they would run into traps such as arrows fired from behind stones or inside holes in the wall.
These castles were popular in England from about 1100 to 1350. They can be seen in East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Sussex.
After the battle of Hastings in 1066, William the Conqueror ordered that all his new castles be built using plans he had sent out officers called "architects" who traveled around Europe looking at other castles and reporting back on what they saw.
Motte and bailey castles were a form of early fortification. A yard, or bailey, was erected adjacent to an earth mound, or motte, with a tower or watchtower on top. Stables, a hall, workshops, a well, and a church were common features of baileys. The motte and bailey were encircled by a ditch and secured by a palisade barrier.
The word "motte" comes from the Old English for "hillock". The bailey is derived from the old German word "baile", which means "courtyard". In England, Scotland, and Wales, "motte and bailey" refers to a type of fortified house built around 1150-1300 AD that consists of a stone or brick motte with an attached wooden bailey. The term is also used for the surrounding land and defenses - including ditches, banks, and a fence. Today, mottes are often preserved within modern cities as open spaces or public parks; for example, in London, Mottes Park is located in Southwark. In addition, some museums (such as York's Jorvik Museum) feature reconstructed mottes dating back many centuries earlier than 1350 AD.
In Europe, towns began to appear around 1000 AD when merchants started congregating in certain areas to trade. At this time, churches became important institutions in communities because they provided safety and security for people who lived outside of the protection of large armies.
A motte-and-bailey castle had two parts: an observation tower and a living quarters. A stone keep castle was a single residence made of rocks that made it difficult to burn or attack, and it was surrounded by a moat.
These types of castles were built in Europe during the 11th century. They were used mainly for defense against invaders. The people who lived in them were called lords and ladies.
Mottes are areas of mounded earth that form an observation post or turret of a castle. Baileys are the surrounding grounds or land occupied by a castle. Sometimes they include other buildings such as kitchens, stables, and storage rooms.
Stone keeps were built between 975 and 1066 in England. They were used by kings as places where they could be safe from attack. These castles were made of very large rocks that could not be moved, so they could not be attacked in another way except by climbing up to the top which is why they are also called "climbable" castles.
People thought that if a king went into exile there would always be other kingdoms that would help him, but this wasn't true. If a king was no longer able to protect himself he would lose his throne because his enemies wouldn't fear him anymore.
Originally, these castles were built entirely of wood and soil; they were inexpensive and simple to construct, requiring no specific design. The fortress was made out of a wooden keep perched on an elevated earthwork known as a motte, facing an enclosed courtyard known as the bailey. As technology advanced, so did the defenses available to attackers.
Mottes are large mounds of dirt or stone that are used for defense in fields and farmland around the world. They can be used to trap and hold weapons such as spears and arrows, or even people. If an army approaches your castle at a reasonable distance, they will most likely use archers to shoot any soldiers who climb up the mound. If an attack does come, defend yourself with anything you can find around the house - from pots to pans - anything that could be used as a weapon.
In the early 11th century, English settlers in Wales began building castles out of stone instead of wood. These new castles usually included an outer wall and an inner ward. The stone used for these structures came primarily from Caerphilly in South Wales. The earliest evidence of these castles comes from 1067 when Edward I visited what is now South Wales and ordered that some fortifications be built within days travel of every royal castle in England. These new castles were meant to protect the people living there, but also served as symbols of power and authority for the ruling families.
Buildings (or even small villages!) could be constructed on this bailey, which served as the center of domestic life within the castle and was encircled by palisade fencing for protection. The keep was the third (and most significant) defensive feature. Tamworth Castle's stone'shell' keep rests on a massive mound. The term "motte" is used for an earthwork castle stronghold with only a single tower; while "bailey" can refer to any fortified enclosure, including those made of wood or mud.
Tamworth was one of the most important castles in the early English kingdom. It was built around 1180 by Sir Hugh de Mote to protect his newly acquired territory from invasion by King Henry II. The young king had already ordered the construction of Dover Castle in Kent to protect his flank from France, so it made sense that he would want another fortress to protect the vulnerable area between these two major powers. Within five years of its completion Tamworth had been surrendered to the king without a fight. However, it was not until much later that it became known as "the last stand of the Saxons."
After the conquest of England by the French in 1066, war broke out almost immediately between them and the new rulers, who were based in London. By 1071 most of the country was under British rule, but there were still some holdouts. In order to secure his position as king, William I the Conqueror decided to invade England again.