The Mughal architecture follows a consistent pattern in terms of structure and character. Mughal architecture is distinguished by bulbous domes, slender minarets with cupolas at the four corners, enormous halls, huge arched doorways, and exquisite decoration. The Mughals were great builders who used local materials like stone, brick, and wood to create large cities and monuments that are still visible today.
Their most famous building is probably the Taj Mahal in India, which was built from 1632 to 1648 for the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is believed that he ordered the construction of this mausoleum as a memorial for his beloved wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal.
Other important buildings include the Red Fort in Delhi, which was built as a palace, and is now the official residence of the Indian president; and the Lahore Fort, which was also built as a royal palace and remains one of the largest surviving Mughal fortresses today.
Finally, Mughal art includes painting, sculpture, and decorative arts such as metalwork and textiles. The Mughals were great artists who used many different techniques including monochrome (only one color), multicolor, and pastel drawing style. Some of their works can still be seen in museums around the world.
Mughal architecture combines Indian, Persian, and Islamic themes. Large bulbous onion domes, frequently flanked by four smaller domes, are prominent elements of many structures. White marble and red sandstone are used. The most important innovation was the introduction of the air conditioner.
During the Mughal period, many buildings were constructed all over India. The Mughals believed that good health was vital to good government and society at large. So they built hospitals, mosques, pagodas, and madrassas (schools) all over their vast empire. The buildings were designed to be both beautiful and functional. Some even included devices such as fans or heaters for cooling or heating rooms in which they were unable to function otherwise.
For example, the Charbagh area of Delhi has a series of gardens with distinct zones for growing different types of plants. Each zone is protected by its own wall with an entrance gate leading into it from the rest of the garden. Within the zone walls, trees are planted in straight lines, forming avenues. The Mughals often created parks like this one for their imperial residences.
They also built markets where people could buy food, clothes, and other goods. These markets were usually located near places of worship since prayer is considered essential to balance out any harmful energies in the food we eat, for example.
Mughal style architecture Islamic style architecture
The fort was built between 1638 and 1665 under the orders of Shah Jahan, who wanted to build a great city at this site. It is said that when the architect asked for more time, his master replied "Bring me something else to do". The builder was killed by Shah Jahan when he found out that he had been cheated. The king then had him buried outside the city walls next to a well where people would take water from a bucket which was always filled to the top.
Within the first year of its construction, the fort was completely finished. It has 72 gates, each with its own entrance, giving access to courts, gardens, and buildings. There are three main streets inside the wall: Taj-ul-Masajid, Taj-ul-Ahmar, and Taj-ul-Fatehpuri. They all start from the Chowk (the central square) and go in different directions. Each street is divided into four sections by crossroads called chowks. The names of these streets show how far they were from the Chawk: Taj-ul-Masajid is the closest; it is only one chowk away.
Mughal architecture is a strikingly symmetrical and colorful blend of Persian, Turkish, and Indian styles. Mughal architecture was notable for its extensive use of red sandstone as a construction material during the reign of Akbar the Great (1556–1605). The Mughals were the first major military dynasty to rule almost all of India at one time. Their empire included most of the modern-day countries of South Asia and Central Asia.
Red sandstone is an easy-to-work stone that takes a sharp edge well. It's also lightweight, which is why many Mughal buildings are made of it. The most famous example is the Red Fort in Delhi, which is made of red sandstone. However, other colors are used as well. Black basalt is another common building material used by the Mughals. It can look quite elegant due to its smooth texture. But the main advantage of basalt over sandstone is that it's less likely to crack under pressure from heavy clouds or rainstorms.
One must remember that while painting walls and ceilings, only white oil-based paints should be used because if colored oils are applied on top of them, the color will run. Oil-based paint was very popular among the Mughals. They even exported large amounts of oil products like perch oil to Europe. In fact, England became one of their biggest customers.
Akbar's Tomb, a major tourist attraction in Agra, reflects the hallmark style of Mughal construction, consisting of sandstone and marble with geometric designs and inlay work. The edifice has three-story minarets and a combination of Hindu, Islamic, Jain, Christian, and Buddhist architectural traditions. It was built between 1583 and 1656 and is considered one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture.
The Jama Masjid in Delhi was built by Shah Jehan in 1655 as a place of prayer for members of the royal family as well as for people from other religions living in the city. This huge mosque is an example of Mughal architecture: it combines Muslim and Hindu elements. The main entrance to the mosque is through the Babur's Gate, which is decorated with images of Shalivahan, a legendary king who helped the first Mughals defeat their rivals. Inside, the mosque has a large courtyard surrounded by pavilions where religious ceremonies were held. There are also many smaller mosques in various parts of India with similar architectures, some of which date back to the time of the first Mughals.
As far as public works projects are concerned, the most important one was the building of canals throughout the country. The Mughals used these waterways to transport materials and food supplies around their expanding empire.
Architecture became more complex during the Mughal period. Akbar: During his reign, there were many important architectural innovations. These were inspired by the tombs of his Central Asian ancestor, Timur. He built several cities, including Delhi, which is now a capital of India.
Mughal architecture combined Persian and Indian styles. The most important architect during this time was Jai Singh I. He designed the impressive Agra Fort.
The Mughals also developed new techniques for stone carving and mold making. Carpets were used to cover floors inside buildings. They were usually made from silk that was imported into India through traders from Central Asia.
Cooking pots were made of earthenware while steel tools were used by craftsmen for woodwork and metalworking. In fact, the Mughals are responsible for spreading across India because they opened up trade with other countries. For example, ships from Britain went to India while those from France went to Indonesia.
So, architecture evolved greatly during the Mughal period. This is because the people who lived under their rule wanted to show their respect to the emperor. Every building should be elegant and perfect so it can be enjoyed by everyone.