Stupa architecture comprises the following elements: a foundation, drum, medhi (terrace), harmika, a pillar supporting a Chhatra (umbrella), a fence called Vedika, and Torana gates. The Sanchi and Bharhut stupas were the first stupas erected by Asoka. He built more than 300 stupas throughout his kingdom.
In addition to being a place of worship, stupas were also used as shelters for monks and teachers. In India, they are still used in this way today. The oldest preserved wooden structure in India is the sanchi stupa, which was built in around 30-50 AD. It is now on display at the Indian Museum in New Delhi.
The next significant development in stupa design came several decades later with the creation of the Bharhut stupa by Asanaka in about 250 AD. This stupa is world famous for its vivid painting depicting various gods and goddesses. It is estimated that this stupa took 20,000 hours to build!
Since then, many other stupas have been constructed in India. Some of the better known ones include those of Mahabalipuram, Odisha, which was created around 200 AD; and Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, which was built in around 400 AD.
Stupas are still built in India today.
A stupa is a hemispherical monument that houses Buddhist treasures and serves as a place of meditation for Buddhist monks. Notable stupas in India include the Sopara stupa, one of the world's oldest, the Great Stupa at Sanchi, and the Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath. There are also many smaller stupas scattered across India.
Stupas have been built in India since the 3rd century BC, but they became more common after the 10th century AD. They were originally constructed out of wood, but today most are made of brick or stone. The earliest known stupa in India was built at Kapilavastu near Patna by Prince Siddhartha Gautama himself. It is said that he used to come here to pray for his father's death so that he could become Buddha.
Some people build them as memorials for their loved ones while others donate money to monasteries in hopes that they will be able to reach nirvana soon.
Many tourists visit Indian stupas because they want to see historic monuments and religious sites. However, not many know that these ancient structures also serve as great places to spot birds at night!
The Stupas are excellent examples of Buddhist art...
Stupas in Nepal date back to the Licchavi period; a stupa is a mound-like or hemispherical building that houses relics (usually the bones of Buddhist monks or nuns) and is used for meditation. Stupas are common in Nepal and various other parts of Asia.
There are three main types of stupas: those made of brick or stone, those made from wood, and those built with mud bricks. The oldest examples of stupas are made of clay and are found in India. However, most modern stupas are made of concrete or steel.
In Nepal, many monasteries have their own gardens where they grow trees for building the monastery and plants for offering prayers. These forests are known as chaityas. Under these trees, monastic communities build stupas to honor the memory of their ancestors.
The word stupa means "to be awake" or "to remain alive". This type of structure was invented by the Buddha himself who wanted his teachings to survive even after he died. Until then, people used to bury their holy people but this process of burial caused them to disappear forever. With the invention of stupas, now these holy people can remain alive even after they die.
There are several sites in Nepal where you can see lots of stupas.
1. The stupa is a semi-spherical, solid dome-like building that houses Buddha relics such as hair, teeth, and bones. 2. The stupas in Sanchi, Bharhut, and Amravati are outstanding examples of art that have survived to the present day. They are among the most important Buddhist monuments in India.
The Sanchi Stupa was built between about 100 and 250 AD. It is one of the largest stupas in India and its size can be estimated to be about 20 feet in diameter and 18 feet high. The structure is made of brick and stone and has a thick layer of plaster on its exterior. Inside the stupa, there is a central dome supported by eight pillars. The dome is about 10 feet in diameter and 8 inches thick at its base. It weighs nearly 22 tons! Around the perimeter of the stupa are 36 smaller domes called bays. These contain niches where Buddha images used to stand.
The Sanchi Stupa is located about 80 miles east of Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh state. It is part of the Sanchi Archaeological Park, which also includes the remains of more than 300 other stupas, monasteries, and temples. The entire site is encircled by a high wall for security reasons because many of the buildings here were once home to monks who could be dangerous if provoked.
Though it predates Buddhism, the stupa ("stupa" is Sanskrit meaning heap) is an essential type of Buddhist building. It is commonly thought to be a sepulchral monument—a place of burial or a container for religious goods. A stupa is essentially a stone-faced soil burial mound. It can also be called a memorial shrine because it reminds us of the passing of human beings (although not necessarily in this life).
The term stupa comes from a Sankhyā vocabulary. The word itself does not occur in the Vedas but appears in early Buddhist texts. According to these sources, the term was introduced by the Buddha himself. He is said to have explained that as long as there are living beings, there will be need for salvation. Since the individual soul is not likely to reach enlightenment without help from others, the Buddha proposed the creation of monuments that would remain forever as reminders of our achievement of nirvana or total liberation from rebirth.
Stupas are generally composed of two parts: a base and a capstone. The base may be flat or pyramidal; it serves as a foundation for the stupa to stand on. The capstone is usually shaped like a half-sphere but may also be square, octagonal, or otherwise decorated. It is placed on the top of the base at one end so that its flat side faces down. When complete, the stupa looks like a large ball topped with a hemisphere.