What are the major styles of temples?

What are the major styles of temples?

The three primary types of temple architecture are Nagara (Northern style), Dravida (Southern style), and Vesara (Mixed style).

Nagara temples are characterized by large rectilinear platforms with a high, wide entrance gopuram (gateway) at one end and an enclosed sanctuary at the other. The interior of the temple is bright with white plaster walls and blue tiled floors. The main deity is usually found on an altar in the center of the sanctum sanctorum. He or she is flanked by candelabras containing human figures called gandharvas.

Dravida temples are similar to Nagaras in layout but are generally smaller. The main difference between Dravidas and Nagaras is that the former do not have enclosed sanctuaries. The temple floor is open, surrounded by columned halls with pillars and ceilings made of wood. On either side of the entrance are large statues of swans or lions called urcellingu. In some cases, these may be original sculptures but more often they are replicas.

Vesara temples combine elements of both Nagara and Dravida temples. They tend to be larger than Nagaras but not as large as Dravidas.

How many types of temples are there?

Various types of Hindu temples According to Shilpa Shastras, there are three forms of temple architecture. These names come from the building materials used to construct them. Nagara temples are constructed with stone; dravida with sandstone and kalamkari paintings; and vesara temples with wood, usually teak, but also bamboo or iron rods for girdle paths, which are found in southern India.

There are several sub-types within each type of temple. For example, a nagara temple can be either ratha (carriage) or apadane (without a roof). The former has a shrine at the front and an open porch at the back, while the latter has only the closed porch. In both cases, there is no separate entrance for the priests, nor is there any altar inside the temple.

A ratna temple has gold or silver statues of deities placed inside it. These are offered food by pilgrims as they pray for good health or success in their ventures. If the deity is male, a ratna temple will have males deities, whereas female deities will go into women's temples.

What are the three styles of Indian architecture?

The Top 8 Architectural Styles in India

  1. Temple Architecture.
  2. Mughal Architecture.
  3. Indo-Saracenic Revival Architecture.
  4. Dravidian Architecture.
  5. Kalinga Architecture.
  6. Sikh Architecture.
  7. Vesara Architecture.
  8. Indian Vernacular Architecture.

Which styles of temples are mostly found in North India?

The shikhara style of North Indian temples is often classed according to the Phamsana style, which is rectilinear, and the Latina style, which is curved and has two versions, the Shekhari and the Bhumija. The latter two are more popular in northern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar.

The shikharas of most temples in Rajasthan are also called phamakas because they resemble the palace of a king or a prince. These are usually four-sided with a pyramidical top and have many tiers of stone slabs one above another. A few have five sides but these are rare. The temple walls around the shikha are generally well preserved though sometimes they show signs of vandalism. The sanctums inside the shikharas are usually empty except for some articles that were probably placed there by pilgrims. There are no images or statues of gods in the shikharas themselves but only their emblematic features like a linga (phallic symbol) or a trishul (trident).

In Haryana, Punjab and Western Uttar Pradesh, the shikharas are usually made of white marble and have three floors with an open third floor gallery. They look similar to those of Rajasthan but are smaller in size. Images of Hindu deities are painted on the walls of the temple precincts.

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Charles Lindemann

Charles Lindemann is a man of many passions; among them are building, architecture, and engineering. He has studied each of these fields extensively, and now spends much of his time designing buildings and working on technical projects. Charles has been able to use his knowledge of architecture and engineering to create some of the most unique and creative structures around.


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