Many lower houses are named in ways such as these: Chamber of Deputies. Chamber of Representatives. House of Assembly House of Representatives. Lower House.
Other lower houses have more formal names, such as the South Carolina Senate or the Connecticut General Assembly. These bodies may also be called legislatures or congresses.
In some countries there is only one house called the House of Commons or the National Assembly; this body can vote on all laws and some executive powers as well. A few countries have a bicameral legislature, consisting of an upper and a lower house. The United States Congress is an example of this type of body.
The Russian Duma is the name of the lower house of the Federal Assembly, while the State Duma is the name of the lower house of the Legislative Assembly of Russia. There is also a Supreme Court which decides on issues related to civil law.
In many countries there is also an upper house similar to the British House of Lords or the French Senate. The Senate may have equal power with the House of Representatives or not; it can also be appointed or elected. Some countries have both chambers appointed by the government leader. For example, the Prime Minister selects members of the House of Lords before they become peers.
"Why is the Senate referred to as the higher house, while the House of Representatives is referred to as the lower house?" The British House of Commons is known as the lower house, and the House of Lords is known as the upper house. These are the two chambers of the British Parliament. The word "house" here refers to which body is considered the more important or powerful one.
Both houses have equal power, but the House of Lords can delay legislation by refusing to pass it into law. If they do so, the government can call another election or introduce the bill in a new session of Parliament. The House of Lords can also grant leave for their members to bring forward amendments that would otherwise be rejected. However, if they veto an amendment proposed by MPs, the veto can be over-ruled by their own members or through further parliamentary action. In practice this means that both houses work together on major issues before them. They may also work together on issues of less importance. When this happens there is often no public notice of what has been agreed upon; instead, each house publishes its own version of the bill on its website.
The name "lower house" comes from the fact that it sits on lower seats than the upper house. Originally, the seats in the House of Lords were just as important as those in the House of Commons and were filled by the same electorate.
The Senate is the upper house, and the Chamber of Representatives is the lower house. Representatives are men and women who serve in the House of Representatives. They can also be referred to as congressman or congresswomen. The number of representatives from each state is based on the state's population. Each state has at least one representative in Congress, with some exceptions (such as Washington, D.C., which has two).
The Speaker of the House is the leader of the House majority party. He or she can either be an elected official or the leader by default if there is no other elected official. The Speaker must be an elected official; otherwise, they could be forced out of office by a minority vote of their colleagues.
House members can be any age but most are between 40 and 70 years old. Some countries have age restrictions for their politicians; for example, in France, candidates must be at least 35 years old. Other countries do not have such restrictions. There being no minimum or maximum age, people anywhere in the world can become lawmakers if they meet the other requirements listed below.
In most countries, you need to be a legal resident to be able to vote in elections for the national parliament (or Congress). Some countries, like Australia, allow non-citizens to vote in certain federal elections.
Because it has more members than the Senate, the Chamber of Representatives is known as the lower house of the United States Congress. The House of Representatives sets policy by voting on bills proposed by the President and other legislators. The Speaker of the House is responsible for determining who will be voting on each bill.
The Senate is less important in terms of setting policy and more important in reviewing policies already set by the House. The Senate can block legislation by withholding its approval but cannot veto laws passed by Congress. As part of its review role, the Senate may also propose amendments to existing bills or may submit its own bills for consideration. The president can accept or reject these proposals.
In addition to these two chambers, there are committees which have a hand in drafting and considering legislation. These committees include the Judiciary Committee, the Intelligence Committee, and the Foreign Affairs Committee.
House members are elected through first-past-the-post elections while senators are elected through various methods depending on the state, but they can only be removed through impeachment proceedings.
Congress meets for approximately five weeks in January and February during which time it passes annual budgets and approves key federal regulations.
The upper chamber is known as the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the Senate in the United States. Synonyms and similar terms include parliament and chamber.
There are two chambers in a bicameral legislature: the lower house or legislative branch, and the upper house or judicial branch. Although they have separate powers of their own, they often work together to promote what they believe to be the will of the people. For example, in Canada both the House of Commons and the Senate can block bills that either body passes against its will.
In France there are two houses: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Like their counterparts in Britain and America, they can block laws that they do not like. In addition, the French Senate has the power to destroy statutes by delaying their ratification for several years if it believes that such action is necessary. The German Parliament is divided into two houses: the Bundestag and the Bundesrat. They work together to make laws but each has its own power to veto proposals that it disagrees with.
In India, the Parliament comprises of a Lok Sabha (lower house) and a Rajya Sabha (upper house). Both the houses have the authority to pass laws but cannot veto them.
Various names are used to address the Upper House in different nations. It is known as the Senate in the United States. The Rajya Sabha is India's Upper House. The House of Lords is the upper house in the United Kingdom. The Sena is the upper house in Brazil. The HoR is the upper house in Australia. The Senate is the upper house in Canada.
The Upper House is often less influential than the Lower House because they can't pass laws but they can delay or block bills by refusing to vote on them. They can also give advice to the lower house if it is tied up with a vote. So, both houses are needed to pass any law.
In India, members of the Rajya Sabha are called "members" instead of "Senators". The word "Rajya" means "the people" and the term "Sabha" means "assembly" or "council". So, the Rajya Sabha is referred to as the "people's assembly" or "council of people".
There are currently 705 members in the Rajya Sabha. Of these, 50 constitute the Electoral College for electing the President. The rest are elected by their respective state assemblies. Voters have the option to reject all candidates or none of them.