Mehrauli's Iron Pillar stands 7.2 meters tall. It has a diameter of 48 cm and a weight of 6.5 tonnes, and it stands atop an intricately carved foundation. The topmost half of the pillar is roughly 29 cm broad at the tip and narrows significantly at the summit. The pillar is more than 5865 kg in weight.
The pillar was erected as a monument to the victory of Maharaja Pratap Singh over the British in 1849. It was constructed out of locally obtained materials, mainly iron plates, which were then welded together with Indian iron rods. The pillar was designed by Lakha Deol, a famous artist from Rajasthan.
In 1995, the Government of India acquired the pillar through its department of archaeological excavations and museums. It is now on display in the National Museum in New Delhi.
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The iron pillar in Mehrauli, Delhi, is a stunning example of Indian craftsmanship. It is composed of iron, is 7.2 meters tall, and weighs more than 3 tonnes. On the pillar is an inscription commemorating a monarch called Chandra, who most likely belonged to the Gupta dynasty. In all these years, the pillar has not corroded. It is well preserved thanks to its location beneath a tree which protects it from rain and sun damage.
Iron was first introduced into India around 300 B.C. by Alexander the Great, but it wasn't until much later that it became popular among the people here. The pillar was probably built around 500 AD.
Mehrauli itself isn't very old - it was built as a royal garden about 150 years ago - but the pillar stands as testament to the skills of our craftsmen. Iron is easy to work with and can be shaped into any form you like. But instead of melting in your hands like lead, it will only burn if you get it too hot. The more pieces of iron used in one object, the harder it will be to work with but also the more impressive it will look when finished.
People have been impressed by tools they've seen for thousands of years, but technology has also progressed over time. Modern engineers use computers to design heavy equipment, but ancient builders used their brains instead. The pillar was probably designed by thinking about how it could be done efficiently without using tools.
It stands 7.2 meters tall. The Iron Pillar was built in honour of Chandragupta II. The Hindu deity Garuda is depicted at the top of this pillar. This pillar is appealing since it contains around 98 percent iron yet has been rusting for the previous 1600 years.
The iron pillar was originally gilded and painted, but now it's only gold-plated. It used to be taller by 1.5 meters but now it's only 7.2 meters high. The width of the base is 4.3 meters.
The iron pillar was built during the time of Shah Jahan (1628-1658). The monument faces south towards India. It is located near the town of Khanpur, 20 kilometers from Delhi.
The iron pillar weighs about 70 tons and is supported by a stone base. There are two holes in the bottom of the stone base through which ropes could have been tied to lift the pillar into place.
Chandragupta II was a Gupta emperor who ruled from 499 to 526 AD. He is also known as Chanakya or Chakraditya. The pillar was erected in his memory by his son Samudra Gupta.
The Iron Pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi, was constructed around 1500 years ago. It is constructed of iron. It is 7.2 meters tall and weighs more than three tons. It was most likely constructed during the Gupta period. The image shown here is from a coin dated 1503-1511 CE.
Gupta dynasty (320-375 A.D.)
The pillar is a national monument in India. It is located in Mehrauli village, near New Delhi. The pillar stands as a memorial to the first king of an independent India. It was built during the reign of Vijay Gupta (340-380 A.D.).
Vijay Gupta was the brother of Chetanya Gupta, who started the Guptas as a royal family. After his death, their kingdom was divided between their two sons. The younger son kept the northern part of their kingdom while the older one stayed with the southern portion. Later on, this division of power led to conflicts between both sons that resulted in the collapse of the kingdom and the end of the Guptas as an important political force.
The Iron Pillar was built to commemorate the victory of the young prince over his rival father.