The theatre's structure was either round or octagonal. They gazed down on the stage (palco) and the yard (cortile), where the poorer spectators stood, from roofed galleries (gallerie coperte). The stage, sometimes known as the apron stage, protruded into the yard. It was usually made of wood, but may have been built of stone if there was enough money to pay for it. The exact size of the stage is not known, but it must have been small since they could only hold about 50 people. Each theatre had two doors, one at each end, through which actors entered after they had performed their script. There were no windows in the theatres' walls; light came in through skylights in the roof.
These facts should give you an idea of how small the Elizabethan theatre was. In fact, it was quite a large area, because many acts and scenes were included in a single performance. And since these theatres were always full, there must have been plenty of action!
There were three main types of Elizabethan theatre: public, private, and court. Public theatres were places where anyone could go and watch performances for a price. These places were often near churches or town halls so that all kinds of people could attend them. Sometimes public theatres were even set up in the open air; for example, during celebrations such as royal weddings or knighting ceremonies.
The theatre was 30 meters in diameter and had 20 sides, giving it the appearance of being round. The building was identical to that of their former theatre as well as the bear garden next door. It could hold up to 10,000 people.
The theatre at Epidaurus was one of the most important cultural sites in ancient Greece. Built around 350 BC, it was used for plays and musical performances until it was destroyed by an earthquake in AD 49. Today, only the foundations remain.
The theatre at Epidaurus was famous for its sculpture. The artists who created the sculptures were from many different countries including Rome, France, and even Egypt. There are figures standing up to 3 meters high scattered throughout the site. Some of the more famous ones include a Roman soldier, a Satyr (a half man, half goat), and a Nile crocodile.
In addition to these animals, there are also representations of birds such as cranes, herons, and ducks. These were all placed here as a tribute to Zeus, the king of the gods. He was the one who brought them to Epidaurus in the first place so they could be kept as pets in his palace.
There were three stories of roofed galleries surrounding the Globe theater. The galleries were equipped with rows of wooden seats, were accessible via a rear corridor, and had a roof that provided cover from adverse weather. The stage wall was dubbed the "Frons Scenae" in Latin. It was tucked up behind the pillars. You could see everything happening on it because there were no curtains.
The audience was very important in Elizabethan times. They would make lots of noise if someone they liked was getting hurt or killed on screen so as not to disturb the performance. They also made lots of excitement when someone famous died even if you weren't there yourself because everyone knew about it anyway. There were newsbooks at the front selling all the latest scandals so people could shout abuse at the actors if they wanted to.
In London there were two kinds of theaters: public and private. In public theaters anyone could enter for free but only those who could pay the performer would be allowed to watch the acttion. Private theaters required payment to enter but once inside you could watch the play uninterrupted. Public theaters tended to offer lower-quality work than private ones because they had to make money any way they could. Private theaters could produce more ambitious writing because they didn't have to worry about profits or loss.
Globe theaters were public theaters. You could go and watch anything from Shakespeare to strippers for free.
Halls that are indoors The stage was on one of the short sides of these rectangles. The audience sat either directly in front of the stage, which had the most costly seats, or in galleries that stretched around the other three sides of the space. Candles and torches were used to light these playhouses. They could be as simple or luxurious as you wanted them to be.
Halls that are outdoors The theater was open air. Audiences stood or sat outside while actors performed for them from within a canvas tent or booth. These were usually built near towns so people could walk to see the show.
Halls that are between indoor and outdoor The theater was half covered - some call this style indoor/outdoor while others refer to it as semi-indoor. A roof covered only part of the theater, leaving the rest of the space under canvas. Actors often worked in small groups of less than five people to save money. Sometimes there were two different shows going on at once - one inside the coverted section of the hall and one outside it.
Halls that are round or polygonal The actors usually didn't have much room to move around on stage. There were no sets and they acted out scenes from life. There were sometimes masks or costumes but not always. Masks were used to hide an actor's identity when necessary - for example if he/she was not supposed to talk about something private.