The pointed arch, the rib vault, and the flying buttress are the three primary aspects of Gothic architecture covered in this course. After that, we'll look at a slideshow of Gothic-style specimens from throughout Europe.
Gothic architecture is as diverse as it is formidable, ranging from medieval castles to Victorian houses. Vaulted ceilings, arched windows, and decorative embellishments like flying buttresses and the odd leering gargoyle are hallmarks of this dramatic design. The Gothic Revival style was popular in America from about 1820 to 1880.
During this time period, many American homes were built with inspiration from England's medieval cathedrals. These new homes often included large rooms with high vaulted ceilings, ornate woodwork, and stained-glass windows. The Gothic Revival style is particularly evident in neighborhoods with large estates built by wealthy merchants or industrialists for themselves and their families. Often, these men used their wealth to hire local architects who did not charge them for their services. In fact, they sometimes paid the architects to build more than one house so they could choose the best designs!
The third and final phase of the Gothic Revival style is known as the Gothic Victorian. This version emerged around 1860 and continued into the early 20th century. It is characterized by its use of dark colors, deep window wells, pointed archways, carved woodwork, and iron grates for doors. Some Victorian Gothic homes have higher ceilings and larger windows than their Gothic Revival predecessors.
In conclusion, a Gothic Victorian home is a large room with high vaulted ceilings, decorated with wooden beams and stained glass windows.
While the Gothic style varies depending on location, age, and kind of structure, it is frequently distinguished by five major architectural elements: huge stained glass windows, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and rich ornamentation. The Gothic style came into its own in Europe around 1200 and became the most popular style in France, Germany, and Italy during the 13th century.
Gothic architecture transformed the Roman basilica model into a single large space, with a nave and aisles running parallel to each other for several hundred feet. This was accomplished by extending the nave well beyond the original structure and building separate churches on top of these extended halls. The aisles would usually be much narrower than the nave, allowing room for parishioners to sit apart from one another but still within sight of the priest at the front of the church. As time passed, more elaborate structures were built, culminating in the stunning cathedrals of Europe.
The name "gothic" comes from a French word meaning "Germanic" and refers to the new style's resemblance to Germanic temple architecture, particularly that of the Franks. The Germans had begun building their own churches around the time the Gothic style emerged, so it is not surprising that they used this novel style of architecture too. However, despite some similarities, there are also many differences between the Gothic and Germanic styles.
Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) was a popular architectural style in Europe from the late 12th century through the 16th century, spanning the High and Late Middle Ages, with some examples surviving into the 17th and 18th centuries. Buildings in this style are named for their resemblance to pointed Gothic churches, such as the Strasbourg Cathedral.
During the late 13th century and early 14th century, large numbers of buildings in Europe were constructed entirely or mainly in the Gothic style. They include government offices, universities, hospitals, charitable institutions, religious houses, monasteries, and castles. The popularity of this style was due to its dynamic appearance and how well it fitted with growing trade routes and urban centers. Cities like Venice and London became almost completely covered in Gothic buildings.
The term Gothic comes from the Latin word gothicus, which means belonging to a guild of merchants who used to sell goods on top of buildings before the era of shopping malls. These merchants often dressed in black and wore hats shaped like crescent moons, which is why we get the word "goth."
There are several factors that may have caused the Gothic style to become so popular in Europe.