The arch, vault, and dome are the three greatest triumphs of Roman architecture. They also employed concrete to construct massive structures. The Pantheon in Rome is an example of a building using concrete.
Concrete has been used by many cultures throughout history but it was the Romans who perfected its use in construction. They used it for everything from small-scale projects such as buildings and roads to large-scale works such as aqueducts and bridges.
In addition to being useful, concrete is beautiful when used appropriately. It can be white, grey, or brown depending on how much sand or gravel is added during its creation. The more sand that is added, the less colorful the concrete will be. However, if colored bits of stone are used instead, then the concrete will become red, yellow, or blue.
Concrete has disadvantages too. It's heavy, so for larger structures such as bridges, conrete usually isn't used alone but instead combined with other materials such as steel or wood. Concrete is also hard to sculpt, so it must be used where aesthetics aren't important such as in building foundations or road surfaces.
Finally, concrete is expensive to make.
The arch, vault, and dome were key architectural and engineering triumphs of the Romans. The stadium and triumphal arch were created by the Romans. They were also skilled in building roads, bridges, and aqueducts.
Stadium: this was a large open space for athletic events. The Romans built several stadiums throughout their history. The original Roman stadium was built around 180 B.C. It was located near the Circus Maximus in Rome. The modern day stadium that you see today was built in 15 years by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. This new stadium was used for horse races and is now a museum.
Triumphal arches: these were monumental gates built into the walls of cities to mark important moments in their history. Only three remain today but they are all located in Italy: one in Rome, one in Carthage (now in Tunisia), and one in Ravenna (also in Italy). Each arch was designed by one of the most famous architects of the time: Apollodorus of Damascus for the one in Rome, Hanno del Massemori for the one in Carthage, and Ilarione di Segni for the one in Ravenna.
Vault: this is the name given to the construction used by the ancients to cover roofs and ceilings. There are two types of vaults: semicircular and rectangular.
The 5 Most Significant Achievements of Ancient Roman Civilization
The Pantheon and the Colosseum were two of Rome's most prominent structures built during the Pax Romana. The Pantheon, Rome's most renowned domed edifice, is a beautiful temple dedicated to all of Rome's gods. The Colosseum was constructed of concrete and stone. It was here that the famous Roman emperor Antoninus Pius conducted public executions including that of his own son.
The Pantheon was originally built in 27 B.C. as a temple to all of Rome's gods. The original structure was burned down in A.D. 80 and replaced with its current form by Emperor Hadrian. The design of the new building was inspired by Greek architecture and it remains one of the most important examples of neoclassical architecture in Europe.
The Colosseum was built about A.D. 70-80 as part of Emperor Titus's program to make Rome the capital of an empire. The idea came from Caesar, who had already built several large amphitheaters in Rome. Unlike other ancient stadiums which often only had wood for their seating areas, the Colosseum used marble for its seats which made them more comfortable to sit on. In addition, there were shops inside the Colosseum where visitors could buy food after a long day of watching men fight each other to the death.