Pyramids and temples were the two most prominent kinds of Egyptian architecture. Pyramids were built from the 4th century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D., while temples were built from the 11th century B.C. to the 6th century A.D.
Both pyramid architecture and temple architecture were highly standardized. The pharaoh or king would have a palace where he would live with his family. This would be a large, luxurious structure with fine materials such as gold and marble.
The king would also have a tomb constructed for himself near or in Egypt's Western Desert. The construction of the tomb would begin with the quarrying of a large rock called a mastaba. This would be followed by the erection of more than one hundred smaller stones on top of each other to form a flat-topped mountain. The final step was the carving of the rock face using ancient tools into the shape of a human being. This was usually done by an artist who took inspiration from the life story of the deceased.
After the mastaba was completed, it would serve as a model for later generations of Egyptians who were not as wealthy as the first pharaoh.
The Egyptian pyramids are the most well-known examples of ancient Egyptian architecture, although excavated temples, palaces, tombs, and castles have also been researched. Levied laborers constructed the majority of the structures out of locally available mud brick and limestone. The Egyptians also used wood and granite when available.
The Chinese built the Great Wall to protect their country from invasion by enemies both internal and external. It is made up of stone walls with watchtowers, gatehouses, military camps, and other defensive structures attached to them. The wall stretches for thousands of miles through difficult terrain and has survived war, revolution, and modern development because it was seen as important for defense.
The Lascaux Caves are a series of prehistoric paintings discovered in 1940 on the surface of a cliff near the village of Lascaux in France. The artworks include more than 2,000 drawings and paintings of animals such as bison, horses, deer, and lions done in black and red pigment on the cave's interior walls and ceilings. Experts believe that they were created about 17,500 years ago during the late Stone Age.
The Egyptians, however, established the pattern for what most people remember as traditional pyramid design: huge constructions with a square base and four smooth-sided triangle sides rising to a point. The pyramid's form is said to represent the sun's beams. Actually, it's more like a shaded area of land.
The first true pyramid was built by King Chephren of Egypt around 2450 B.C. It was only about 30 feet high but made from stone instead of mud brick. Other kings followed his lead and the ancient Egyptians built many more pyramids. Some are still standing while others have been destroyed over the years. But even though most were small, they all showed how important the pharaohs believed their role to be.
In fact, the Egyptians viewed the pharaohs as gods who had a direct connection to the heavens. They were so sure of this that when the king died, they didn't bury him in private like other countries did at the time, but instead left his body exposed on top of his tomb for all to see. This way, he could still connect with his people from beyond the grave.
Even though modern scientists don't believe the Egyptians had any knowledge of physics or mathematics that we'd call "scientific," they did make an attempt to explain certain phenomena that came up during their ceremonies.
The pyramids (particularly the Great Pyramids of Giza) are some of the most stunning man-made monuments in history, having been built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations on the planet.
Although they were primarily constructed of stone, the pyramids also used wood and clay as building materials. The Egyptians invented concrete and many other modern technologies such as milling machines and metal casting techniques.
In addition to being impressive structures on their own, the pyramids were originally designed to be even larger, with additional chambers or burial places that could have accommodated hundreds of thousands of slaves or even more important people.
However, the main purpose of the pyramids was not just to provide eternal rest for the dead but also as tombs for the pharaohs. Each pyramid was meant to be a replica of the king's golden monument, except that it would have been painted white instead of gold. As well as being useful for seeing afar off, the color would have helped doctors see cancerous tumors inside the body during autopsies!
Additionally, the pyramids served as schools where young princes were taught science, mathematics, and writing. When they grew up, the princes were expected to take over the kingdom from their parents.
While not as historically significant as its counterparts along the Nile, the following modern-day pyramids are all remarkable in their own right.
Obelisks were an essential part of Ancient Egyptian construction. There are many different types of obelisks, but the two most famous varieties are the black granite obelisk in Washington, D.C., and the white limestone one in Cairo.
Both were built for Pharaohs Khufu (also known as Cheops) and Thutmose III, respectively. The obelisk in Cairo was originally about 40 feet long, but now only remains 15 feet tall because it was damaged by vandals over the years.
Pharaoh Khufu ordered the construction of this great pyramid in Giza, near Cairo. It was meant to be his final resting place but he died before it could be completed. His body was never found so nobody knows for sure if it was actually taken down into its present-day shape or not. Some scientists believe that someone may have dug out the rubble of the pyramid to build another smaller one later on, but there's no proof of this.
In any case, it's very possible that his body was never found because of all the violence that would come to be associated with his name.