The White Tower, the principal keep of the Tower of London complex, was finished in the 1080s in the Romanesque style and would have been the city's highest edifice. It functioned as a fortress as well as a royal home for William the Conqueror. The tower is made of stone collected from all over England.
Other important buildings with white walls include Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral. They're all that remains of the great London cathedral that Peter de Colechurch built in 1245. That church was destroyed by fire in 1512 and then rebuilt by Christopher Wren. Today, these three white stones are all that remain of the original structure.
The reason they still stand today is because they're protected by law. Under the Building Act 1965, any building more than 100 years old that is considered to be architecturally significant can't be demolished unless there's a public benefit that can only be achieved by demolishing it. So they can't be knocked down even if someone wants to.
The protection of these buildings is important because many older structures in London have been replaced with new versions that lack their original character. These replacements often feature black brick or glass towers that are not only less attractive but also harder to recognize from a distance. By preserving the White Towers, we ensure that London's historic center keeps its unique flavor.
The White Tower, often known as the Old Keep, is the central tower of the Tower of London. It was erected in the early 1080s by William the Conqueror and afterwards expanded. The present structure is the third version of the tower; the first two were destroyed by fire.
The Tower has had a significant impact on British history for well over a thousand years. It has been used as a prison, a palace, and now serves as a museum. The story of the people held within its walls is told in their memorials throughout the building.
It's one of the most famous towers in all of England and has been the site of many an execution. But did you know it is also white with blue trim? The color comes from a renovation in 1842 when the tower was painted to hide the aging brickwork. However, since then it has been said that a little bit of the paint has rubbed off over the years.
The view from the top is fantastic! You can see for miles around and there are some interesting things to see once you get up there. Do make sure you go up in an official tour group though - it's not allowed to enter the tower alone.
If you visit during Christmas time, be aware that the tower will be decorated with more than 100,000 lights.
The London Tower The White Tower, often known as the Old Keep, is the central tower of the Tower of London. The present structure replaces an earlier one that collapsed in 1187.
The White Tower is a large stone tower built largely of limestone with some brick interiors. It has eight storeys and a basement, but only four of these are inhabited. The rest of its space is taken up by service rooms such as kitchens and pantries. The roof is made of wood and stands about 20 feet high. There's an entrance on the first floor called the White Gate which leads into the guard room where soldiers were stationed to protect the king from attack. Above the gate is a white flag with a red dragon cresting a blue background.
Today the White Tower is used for royal residences and offices. The most famous being the Queen's Room which is on the second floor and contains her precious collection of Crown Jewels. The other three upper floors are occupied by government departments including the Prime Minister's Office. The White Tower is open daily except Christmas Day and Easter Sunday. Entry is free but there are restrictions on taking photographs.
You can reach the White Tower by bus number 155 from outside the Visitor Centre or by tube station: Tower Hill or Bank.
The Tower of London is a world-famous monument and one of England's most recognizable monuments. In 1066, William the Conqueror erected the White Tower as a symbol of Norman sovereignty, strategically positioning it on the River Thames to serve as both a stronghold and an entrance to the metropolis. The word "tower" actually means "fortress" in English.
The Tower was originally built with stone from Caen in France; but because wood is cheaper, they replaced it with timber about 80 years later. The tower is almost 100 feet high and has 72 arrowslits for shooting weapons. It also has a deep well inside the structure that can hold 50 tons! The scale model in the museum shows how the tower would have looked when it was first constructed.
Today, the White Tower is one of eight towers that make up the Palace of Westminster. It is where the British monarch lives during their stay in London. The other seven towers are called the Peers' Chamber, the House of Lords; the Commoners' Hall, the House of Commons; the Bishop's Palace, the Church of England House of Bishops; the Prince of Wales's Private Chapel, the House of Windsor; and Buckingham Palace, the residence of the Queen's representative in Britain. There is also a small cannon tower that used to be located on top of the White Tower. This is now a museum itself with lots of guns and military equipment to see.