A vault (French voute, from Italian volta) is a self-supporting arching structure used in architecture to cover an area with a ceiling or roof. The barrel vault (also known as a wagon or tunnel vault) is the most basic type of vault, with a semicircular form. It can be made of wood or stone and is often found in churches and other religious buildings. A brick vault would also be suitable for a church building because they are very durable. Ceiling vaults were originally used to cover large areas, such as marketplaces and public halls, but today they are more commonly used in private dwellings.
The word "vault" comes from the Latin vacca, meaning "cow," because the first vaults were inside churches built over pre-existing structures, such as crypts or basilicas. They resembled the shells of cows because they were usually constructed out of wood or steel and painted white.
In medieval times, ceilings were not insulated so they could be used to store food or drink for sale at events such as fairs or markets. In this case, the vault would be open on one side to allow customers in and out.
Ceilings are important elements in designing homes today. Vents provide relief for air pressure changes that can cause damage to your home's interior if it isn't done properly.
In building construction, a vault is a structural element made up of arches that commonly create a ceiling or roof. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Vault The fundamental barrel shape, which originated in ancient Egypt and the Middle East, is essentially a continuous succession of arches deep enough to fill a three-dimensional space. A key feature of a true vault is its flat, horizontal top surface called the platform. In buildings with vaulted ceilings, the platform may be left exposed as in a church or it may be covered by a roof structure.
A vault can be defined as a supporting structure consisting of vertical walls and horizontal beams connected by braces, with diagonal members sometimes used in place of some of these. There are several types of vaults including dome, barrel, octagonal, and Egyptian. Vents allow for air circulation inside the building while also allowing light and sound to pass through. These openings are usually covered by louvers or other means of ventilation.
Vaulting is often used in architecture to achieve greater strength or weight efficiency. It is common in domed structures, such as churches and theatres, where it is desired to minimize the amount of material needed for the body of the building. Vaults can also be used to create separate rooms within a building, without having to use doors or windows. This type of vault is known as partitioned-off room.
Explain its components and/or functions. A vault is an arched construction supported by a solid wall and four columns that springs from a cornice. Vaults expand ceiling area and provide a self-forming roof for a structure. They are used as public rooms, courtrooms, and galleries.
Know your ceilings! Ceilings have many different types of decorations and materials used on them. Some common items you may find include: plaster, lathe and wood, stucco, and drywall.
Know your lighting! Lighting is very important in giving life to spaces. There are many different types of light sources including: electric lights, gas lights, candles, and lanterns.
Know your masonry! Masonry is the material made up of small stones or bricks held together with mortar. The two main types of masonry are brick and stone. Brick walls can be painted or stained and usually feature plain or decorative glazing in herringbone pattern (in rows of black and white squares). Stone walls are always natural and can range from smooth to coursed (chipped) to rough (unfinished). Coursed and polished stone is popular because of its beautiful appearance and high heat reflection rate.
Know your plumbing! Plumbing is the system that supplies water for homes and businesses.
A vault is a structural element in building construction that consists of an arrangement of arches, commonly forming a ceiling or roof. They are used instead of flat ceilings or roofs for their decorative effect and their ability to cover large areas. Vaults can be natural or man-made. Natural vaults include caves and dolmens, while man-made vaults include buildings with vaulted cellars and storage rooms.
The word "vault" comes from the Latin vacca, meaning "cow," because the early examples were found inside stone cow byres (herdsman's shelters) where cows were kept during winter months.
There are three main types of vault structures: groin, half-timber and straight.
Groin vaults are arches supported on cylindrical columns called "groins". The term comes from the fact that the space within the arch resembles the shape of a pelvis, with two legs or groins projecting from it. Groin vaults are found mainly in England but also in other parts of Europe. They are most often made from wood but may also be constructed from brick or stone. The groins may be of wood or concrete, but usually consist of four pillars arranged in a square with caps at each corner.
The fundamental barrel shape, which originated in ancient Egypt and the Middle East, is essentially a continuous succession of arches deep enough to fill a three-dimensional space. While this type of vault has many variations, it usually includes several rows of arches alternating with flat surfaces (triforia).
The word "vault" comes from the Latin word vacuus, meaning empty. In architecture, a vault is a roofscape constructed using vaults as its principal structural element. They are found in a wide variety of buildings, ranging from small houses to large churches and temples. Vents in walls or floors allow for air circulation where needed.
In Christian architecture, a number of terms have been used for this type of roof. Originally, they were called chandeliers ("little lamps") because they often replaced large windows and held candles or lamps within them. Later, they were called tabernacles after the Hebrew word for tent, which happens to be the origin of "chancel". Finally, they came to be called vaults because they resemble large buckets hanging from a chain. Today they are most often called oculus roofs because they have a circular opening at their center.
The barrel vault is the most basic type of vault: it is just a sequence of arches put side by side (i.e., one after another). It's a type of barrel roof. A barrel vault, like other arch-based structures, generates an outward force on the walls underneath it. This force is called "negative pressure" or "air pressure." It is exactly equal to the weight of the air inside the structure, which wants to escape through any available opening.
Barrel vaults are often used in large spaces that need light construction. They're easy to build and maintain, so many churches have them as their main roof type. Also because they use so many small pieces there is very little waste when tearing down a barrel vault.
There are two types of barrel vaults: flat top and ogee. In both cases the vaults are curved but not necessarily with the same amount of curvature. The difference lies in how the curves are applied to the building. With the ogee vault the outer edge of the roof is given more curve than the inner part. This creates a bowl-like effect where the center is lower than the sides. This accentuates the shape of the building.
Flat top vaults don't have this problem because they have uniform thickness throughout. So they look less interesting from outside, but they are still useful buildings to hide water leaks or other problems beneath the surface.