Second Empire, Queen Anne, Stick (including Eastlake Stick), Shingle, Richardsonian Romanesque, and other Victorian home designs are popular in the United States. In Canada, these homes are known as "Victorian."
The term "Victorian" was first used to describe buildings and architecture of England and Ireland in the second half of the 19th century. The style is characterized by stateliness, grandeur, and beauty. It included many new technologies at that time such as gas lighting, electric lights, and indoor plumbing.
In North America, the term "Victorian" is also used to describe similar homes built between about 1875 and 1915.
These houses were often large, with high ceilings, elaborate woodwork, and stained glass windows. They usually had several floors including a basement, plus a small yard for each house. Sometimes there was even an attic.
There were two types of Victorians: those designed by architects and those designed by builders. While both types contain similar features, an example designed by an architect will have more refined design elements than one constructed by a builder.
An outstanding material that can often be found in these types of homes is wood, and especially shingles. The Folk Victorian architectural style is marked by the fascinating combination of Victorian romanticism, classic English cottage, and, in an outstanding addition, the American homestead style. These elements came together in new ways for the folk style, which began to appear around 1820. The houses of this style are usually two stories high, with gable roofs and wide porch areas. They tend to be quite symmetrical, with identical front doors on either side of a central hall. Inside, the rooms are generally large and airy, with white walls and hardwood floors. A folk house will typically have three or four spacious bedrooms, a dining room, living room, kitchen, and bathroom.
A more affordable alternative to wood is brick. Brick buildings first appeared in England around 1200, but it wasn't until the 16th century that they became common. During this time, masonry materials such as stone and brick were available to builders who could afford them. By the 19th century, after many innovations, styles, and changes, the commercial building industry had developed enough to provide housing for laborers and workers of all kinds. This included factories, warehouses, schools, churches, and even hospitals. One of the most popular styles during this time period is called the Chicago school. It was inspired by ancient Egyptian and Roman architecture, and evolved into its present form by 1920.
Victorian design is usually seen as having gone beyond with ornamentation. The Victorian era is remembered for its interpretation and eclectic resurrection of previous designs, as well as the infusion of Middle Eastern and Asian influences in furniture, fittings, and interior décor. The style is characterized by large ornamental pieces such as tables, chairs, and beds.
There was a return to form after the Industrial Revolution, when simple forms derived from classical antiquity were in vogue. This can be seen in the work of Thomas Chippendale and his descendants, who produced elegant furniture in soft woods such as maple and pine. About 1820, the use of cast iron began to appear in larger cities, providing a means for manufacturers to produce goods that were once only available to the rich. This new technology spread quickly, and by 1840, one out of every three house in America was made with cast iron.
The Victorian era ended with the development of the modern world economy after the American Civil War. This transition is evident in the increased use of wood as a material for construction, which became affordable to the middle class. With more money to spend, they wanted products that was durable and attractive. The turn of the century saw the introduction of new technologies that would later become standard in home building industry today. For example, electric lights were first manufactured in Germany in 1879.
A Victorian home has the following distinguishing features:
Wikipedia is a free encyclopedia. Folk Victorian was an architectural style used for several residences in the United States between 1870 and 1910, however isolated instances were erected into the 1930s. Folk Victorian houses are built with simple materials and adorned with ornamental trim. The house type is characterized by its high pitched gable roof, wide front porch, and large size.
Windows with movable sashes The sliding sash window is the most popular Victorian window design. Because of its 19th-century atmosphere and ageless appearance, this design is quite distinct. Due to its popularity, additional features such as run-through sash horns and mechanical joints have been included. These additions make the sliding sash window more functional but not essential for interior space ventilation. Openings in the outer casing around the glass allow air to flow through the house.
The term "Victorian" was originally used to describe certain architectural styles that became popular in England and America during the mid-19th century. But since then it has come to represent an overall feeling or attitude that can be observed in many aspects of life during that time period. One of these aspects is home decorating, which was based on traditional values and designed with simplicity in mind. Many elements from earlier periods of history were re-used including furniture, art, and even light fixtures.
For example, wooden doors were commonly made with a flat panel at the top and bottom and several smaller panels inside the door frame. This design allowed for much-needed airflow into small openings such as rooms where heaters or fireplaces were used during cold weather. Larger openings were usually covered by drapes or blinds.
Lamps were also reused from earlier times.
10 Victorian Architecture Masterpieces The term Victorian architecture refers to numerous (mainly revival) architectural forms that were popular from the mid-to-late nineteenth century; this period roughly corresponds to the so-called Victorian era or Queen Victoria's reign (1837-1901), after whom it was named. The style evolved in response to changing attitudes toward life and work, with a return to order and function being most evident in large cities. The industrial revolution had created a need for large numbers of workers' dwellings, which were often grim and unhealthy. As a result, the upper class was beginning to rethink its attitude toward housing, with many building owners taking an interest in new developments on the continent where sanitary conditions were seen as important. This innovation spread to England, where the use of gas for lighting and heating began to become widespread.
The term "Victorian" is also used to describe other aspects of culture during this time: artists such as Constable, Dickens, Gaskell, Greuze, Turner, and Wordsworth produced works that are considered landmarks in their fields; literature by Charles Darwin, George Eliot, and Thomas Hardy explored natural selection, internal combustion engines, and agricultural improvement respectively; and musicians such as Chopin, Liszt, Mendelssohn, and Wagner composed music that has been described as revolutionary or monumental.
Finally, the term "Victorian" has been used to describe certain styles of furniture and decorative arts that became popular around this time.